- Pope Urban VII
English name=Urban VII|Latin name=Urbano PP. VII
birth_name=Giovanni Battista Castagna
September 15, 1590|term_end= September 27, 1590
predecessor=Sixtus V|successor=Gregory XIV
dead=dead|death_date=death date and age|1590|9|27|1521|8|4|mf=y|deathplace=
other=Urban infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Urban VIII
Pope Urban VII (
August 4, 1521– September 27, 1590), born Giovanni Battista Castagna, was Popefor thirteen days in September 1590. He was of Genoese origin, although born in Rome. He was chosen successor of Pope Sixtus V(1585–90) on September 15, 1590, but died of malaria( September 27, 1590) before consecration, making his either the shortest or second shortest papal reign in history, depending on whether Pope-elect Stephenis considered a real Pope (he has not been so considered by the Catholic Church since 1961).
He had previously served as governor of
Bolognaand as archbishop of Rossano, and was for many years nuncioto Spain; his election to the papacy was largely backed by the Spanish faction.
Urban VII's short passage in office gave rise to the world's first known public
smoking ban, as he threatened to excommunicate anyone who "took tobacco in the porchway of or inside a church, whether it be by chewing it, smoking it with a pipe or sniffing it in powdered form through the nose". [Editorial in European Heart Journal - http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/eurheartj/press_releases/freepdf/ehl266.pdf]
*"The Death of the Popes" by Wendy J. Reardon, 2004.
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