Plasticity

Plasticity generally means ability to permanently change or deform. (It differs from "elasticity", which refers to ability to change temporarily and revert back to original form.)

More specific meanings include:

In the sciences

* Plasticity (physics): In physics and engineering, plasticity is the propensity of a material to undergo permanent deformation under load. In civil engineering, plasticity of a soil is quantitatively determined by Atterberg Limits testing

* Plasticity (psychology): An intelligence factor that determines the ease of changing ones perception of a situation for finding a new solution to a problem. Lack of plasticity is termed "rigidity".

* Phenotypic plasticity: Describes the degree to which an organism's phenotype is determined by its genotype

* Neuroplasticity: Entire brain structures can change to better cope with the environment. Specifically, when an area of the brain is damaged and non-functional, another area may take over some of the function. This is known as neuroplasticity.
** Synaptic plasticity: In neuroscience, plasticity is a property of a neuron or synapse to change its internal parameters in response to its history

* Plasticity (tissues): In body tissues, plasticity refers to the ability of differentiated cells to undergo transdifferentiation

* Plasticity (Cabaret Voltaire album)

In art

*The plastic arts are those, such as clay sculpture, in which material is formed or deformed into a new, permanent shape

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plasticity — Plas*tic i*ty, n. [Cf. F. plasticit[ e].] 1. The quality or state of being plastic. [1913 Webster] 2. (Physiol.) Plastic force. Dunglison. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plasticity — Plasticity. См. Пластичность. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • plasticity — index amenability Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • plasticity — 1782, from PLASTIC (Cf. plastic) + ITY (Cf. ity) …   Etymology dictionary

  • plasticity — /pla stis i tee/, n. 1. the quality or state of being plastic. 2. the capability of being molded, receiving shape, or being made to assume a desired form: the plasticity of social institutions; the great plasticity of clay. [1775 85; PLASTIC +… …   Universalium

  • plasticity — variation in form, ecology or behaviour, e.g. phenotypic plasticity …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • plasticity — plas•tic•i•ty [[t]plæˈstɪs ɪ ti[/t]] n. 1) the quality or state of being plastic 2) the capability of being molded: the plasticity of clay[/ex] • Etymology: 1775–85 …   From formal English to slang

  • plasticity — plastiškumas statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Kietojo kūno savybė negrįžtamai keisti pavidalą ir matmenis dėl išorinės jėgos poveikio. atitikmenys: angl. plasticity vok. Plastizität, f rus. пластичность, f pranc.… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • plasticity — plastiškumas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Kietojo kūno savybė negrįžtamai keisti pavidalą ir matmenis dėl išorinės jėgos poveikio. atitikmenys: angl. plasticity rus. пластичность …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • plasticity — plastiškumas statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. yieldability; plasticity vok. Bildsamkeit, f; Plastizität, f rus. пластичность, f pranc. plasticité, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas


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