26 November 399
deathplace=| infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Siricius
Pope Saint Siricius,
Bishop of Romefrom December 384 (the date in December, 15 or 22 or 29, is uncertain) [Annuario Pontificio (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2008 ISBN 978-88-209-8021-4), p. 9*] until his death on 26 November 399, was successor to Damasus I and was himself succeeded by Anastasius I.
Siricius was elected Bishop of Rome unanimously, despite attempts by the Antipope Ursinus' to promote himself. He was an active Pope, involved in the administration of the Church, and the handling of various factions and viewpoints within it. He was the first pope to issue
decretals, the first of which was the Directa Decretalsent to Himerius of Tarragona. He was the author of two decrees concerning clerical celibacy.
When the Spanish bishop and ascetic
Priscillian, accused by his fellow bishops of heresy, was executed by the emperor Magnus Maximusunder the charge of magic, Siricus - along with Ambroseof Milanand Martin of Tours- protested against this verdict.
His feast day is
Although the Website [http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/history/papacy.htm Religion Facts] says that Pope Siricius was the first Bishop of Rome to style himself
Pope, more weighty resources say that the title of Pope was from the early third century used for "any" bishop in the West. It seems that in the East it was used only for the Bishop of Alexandria, but the imperial chancery of Constantinople normally reserved it for the Bishop of Rome. From the sixth century it began to be confined in the West to the Bishop of Rome, a practice that was firmly in place by the eleventh century. [Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (Oxford University Press 2005 ISBN 978-0-19-280290-3), article "Pope"]
Siricius, again, is one of the Popes presented in various sources as having been the first to bear the title
Pontifex Maximus. Others that are said to have been the first to bear the title are Pope Callistus I, Pope Damasus I, Pope Leo I, Pope Gregory I. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church says instead that it was in the fifteenth century (when the Renaissancestirred up new interest in ancient Rome) that " Pontifex Maximus" became a regular title of honour for Popes. [Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (Oxford University Press 2005 ISBN 978-0-19-280290-3), article "Pontifex Maximus"]
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0384-0399-_Siricius,_Sanctus.html Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
pope — The Pope † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Pope (Ecclesiastical Latin papa from Greek papas, a variant of pappas father, in classical Latin pappas Juvenal, Satires 6:633). The title pope, once used with far greater latitude (see below … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope St. Leo I (The Great) — Pope St. Leo I (the Great) † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Leo I (the Great) (Reigned 440 61). Place and date of birth unknown; died 10 November, 461. Leo s pontificate, next to that of St. Gregory I, is the most significant… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope St. Siricius — Pope St. Siricius † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Siricius (384 99). Born about 334; died 26 November, 399, Siricius was a native of Rome; his father s name was Tiburtius. Siricius entered the service of the Church at an early… … Catholic encyclopedia
Siricius, Saint — ▪ pope born c. 334, , Rome [Italy] died Nov. 26, 399, Rome; feast day November 26 pope from 384 to 399. Ordained a deacon by Pope Liberius, he was elected as Pope St. Damasus I s successor in December 384. His famous letters the… … Universalium
Siricius — (* um 334 in Rom; † 26. November 399) war Papst in Rom vom Dezember 384, möglicherweise ab 17. Dezember, bis zu seinem Tod. Er wird als Heiliger verehrt. Sein Name bedeutet: aus der Stadt Siris stammend (griech. latein.) Er war Römer und bereits… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Siricius, Pope Saint — • Siricius condemned Jovinian, but this did not spare the pope from criticism by St. Jerome Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Liberius — Pope Liberius † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Liberius (Reigned 352 66) Pope Julius died on 12 April, according to the Liberian Catalogue , and Liberius was consecrated on 22 May. As this was not a Sunday, 17 May was probably the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent I — Pope Innocent I † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent I Date of birth unknown; died 12 March, 417. Before his elevation to the Chair of Peter, very little is known concerning the life of this energetic pope, so zealous for the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope St. Clement I — Pope St. Clement I † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Clement I Pope Clement I (called CLEMENS ROMANUS to distinguish him from the Alexandrian), is the first of the successors of St. Peter of whom anything definite is known, and he is … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope St. Damasus I — Pope St. Damasus I † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Damasus I Born about 304; died 11 December, 384. His father, Antonius, was probably a Spaniard; the name of his mother, Laurentia, was not known until quite recently. Damasus seems … Catholic encyclopedia