Ashikaga Yoshikatsu

was the 7th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1442 to 1443 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshikatsu was the son of the 6th shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori.Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&pg=PP9&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran#PRA1-PA340,M1 "Annales des empereurs du Japon," p. 340.] ]

Significant events shape the period during which Yoshikatsu was shogun:Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) "Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron, p.330.]
* "Kakitsu gannen" or "Kakitsu 1", on the 24th day of the 6th month (1441): Shogun Yoshinori is murdered at age 48 by Akamatsu Mitsusuke; and shortly thereafter, it is determined that his 8-year-old son, Yoshikatsu, will become the new Shogun. [Titsingh, p. 340; Screech, Timon. (2006). [http://books.google.com/books?id=BLzQA7cpr7wC&printsec=references&dq=timon+screech&source=gbs_toc_s&cad=1#PRA2-PA234,M1 "Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822," p. 234 n.10] -- "Yoshinori (b.1394 - d.1441) = 48yrs. and Yoshikatsu (b.1434 - d.1443) = 8yrs. In this period, [http://books.google.com/books?id=BLzQA7cpr7wC&printsec=references&dq=timon+screech&source=gbs_toc_s&cad=1#PRA2-PA234,M1 "children were considered one year old at birth and became two the following New Year's Day; and all people advanced a year that day, not on their actual birthday."] "]
* 1442 -- Yoshikatsu is confirmed as shogun. [see above] ]
* "Kakitsu 3", on the 21 day of the 7th month (1443): Shogun Yoshikatsu died at the age of 10. Fond of horseriding, he was gravely injured in a fall from a horse. This was the cause of his death. He had been shogun for only three years. His 8-year-old brother, Yoshinari, was then named shogun. [Titsingh, [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&pg=PP9&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran#PRA1-PA342,M1 p. 342.] ] Several years after he becomes shogun, Yoshinari will change his name to Yoshimasu; and he is better known by that name. [Titsingh, [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&pg=PP9&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran#PRA1-PA346,M1 p. 346.] ]

Era of Yoshikatsu's "Bakufu"

The years in which Yoshikatsu was shogun are more specifically identified by only one era name or "nengō". [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&pg=PP9&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran#PRA1-PA331,M1 Titsingh, pp. 331] -342.]
* "Kakitsu" (1441-1444)

Notes

References

* Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) "Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron." Brisbane: University of Queensland Press. 10-ISBN 0-702-21485-X; 13-ISBN 978-0-702-21485-1 (cloth)
* Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834), [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652] , "Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon." Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran --"Two copies of this rare book have now been made available online: (1) from the library of the University of Michigan, digitized January 30, 2007; and (2) from the library of Stanford University, digitized June 23, 2006." Click here to read the original text in French.]
* Screech, Timon. (2006). [http://books.google.com/books?id=BLzQA7cpr7wC&dq=timon+screech&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 "Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822."] London: RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-700-71720-X

ee also

* East Asian age reckoning




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