Constantine Doukas Co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire Reign 1074–1078
Born 1074 Died 1095 Predecessor Michael VII Successor Alexios I Comneno Dynasty Doukid dynasty Father Michael VII Mother Maria of Alania
Constantine Doukas or Ducas (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Δούκας, Kōnstantinos Doukas), (c. 1074–c. 1095) was Byzantine co-emperor from c. 1074 to 1078 and from 1081 to 1087. He was the son of Emperor Michael VII Doukas and his Georgian wife Maria of Alania.
Constantine was porphyrogennētos, i.e., Born in the purple, and was associated on the throne by his father soon after his birth. He was quickly involved in imperial diplomacy, as the infant was betrothed to Olympias of Apulia, renamed Helena, the daughter of the Norman leader Robert Guiscard and Sikelgaita. After his father was forced to abdicated in 1078, Constantine's mother Maria married the new Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates, but failed in convincing him to recognize the imperial status and succession rights of her son. Constantine's demotion also involved the breaking off of the engagement to the daughter of Robert Guiscard, who used this as pretext to commence military action against the Byzantine Empire.
After the fall of Botaneites in 1081, Maria's intimacy (of whatever nature) with his successor Alexios I Komnenos and the latter's policy of alliance with the Doukas family brought about Constantine's restoration as co-emperor. His signature was appended to all official documents issued by Alexios, and he accompanied the emperor on public occasions. When Anna Komnene, the first child of Alexios I and Irene Doukaina was born, she was promptly betrothed to Constantine, which confirmed his positions as heir. At Maria's request, a noted philosopher Theophylaktos of Ohrid wrote a special treatise for the young prince’s education.
However, Constantine's position was undermined by his weak constitution and, more immediately, by the birth of a son (the future John II Komnenos) to Alexios I in 1087. Although now deprived of his status as co-emperor and imperial heir, Constantine retained the emperor's favor and remained on good terms with him. Maria was forced to retire to a monastery. During Alexios' campaign against the Serbians in 1094 Constantine dined and entertained the emperor at his own expense. Later he refused to participate in a rebellion against Alexios. Constantine apparently died in c. 1095.
- Norwich, John Julius (1996), Byzantium: The Decline and Fall, Penguin, ISBN 0-14-011449-1
- Canduci, Alexander (2010), Triumph & Tragedy: The Rise and Fall of Rome's Immortal Emperors, Pier 9, ISBN 978-1741965988
- Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991), Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium Vol. I, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6
- Polemis, D.I. (1968). The Doukai. London.
- J. M. Hussey, ed (1966). The Cambridge Medieval History, Volume IV The Byzantine Empire, Part 1 Byzantium and Its Neighbours. London: The Syndics of the Cambridge University Press. p. 793.
- George Finlay, History of the Byzantine and Greek Empires from 1057–1453, Volume 2, William Blackwood & Sons, 1854
NotesConstantine DoukasDoukid dynastyBorn: 1074 Died: 1095
Regnal titles Preceded by
Michael VII Doukas
with Michael VII Doukas 1071–1078
with Alexios I Komnenos 1081–1118
Alexios I Komnenos
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Constantine Doukas (usurper) — Constantine Doukas Died June 913 Constantinople Allegiance Byzantine Empire Rank Domestic of the Schools Re … Wikipedia
Constantine Doukas (disambiguation) — Constantine Doukas or Constantine Ducas (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Δούκας, Kōnstantinos Doukas) is the name of several members of the Doukas, Komnenos, and Angelos families and their descendants. It may refer to any of the following: Constantine Doukas … Wikipedia
Constantine Doukas of Thessaly — For other people of the same name, see Constantine Doukas (disambiguation). Constantine Doukas (or Ducas) (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Δούκας, Kōnstantinos Doukas) was ruler of Thessaly from 1289 to his death in 1303. Life Constantine Doukas was the… … Wikipedia
Constantine VII — Constantine VII Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine and his mother Zoë. Reign Junior co emperor 908–913 and 920–945, sole … Wikipedia
Constantine (name) — Constantine statue of Constantine I in York. Gender Male Origin Word/Name Latin … Wikipedia
Constantine Lips — (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Λίψ) was a Byzantine aristocrat and admiral who lived in the later 9th and early 10th centuries. He was killed in 917 at the Battle of Acheloos against Bulgaria. He is most notable for his foundation of the convent bearing… … Wikipedia
Constantine X Doukas — For other people of the same name, see Constantine Doukas (disambiguation). Constantine X Doukas Κωνσταντίνος Ι΄ Δούκας Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Gold … Wikipedia
Doukas — For the 15th century historian, see Doukas (historian). For the Composer, see Dukas. Doukas, latinized as Ducas (Greek: Δούκας; fem. Doukaina/Ducaena, Δούκαινα; pl. Doukai/Ducae, Δούκαι), from the Latin tile dux ( leader, general , hellenized as… … Wikipedia
Constantine Laskaris — Not to be confused with Constantine Lascaris. Constantine Laskaris Κωνσταντίνος Λάσκαρης Emperor of Nicaea (Byzantine Emperor in exile) Reign 1204–1205 Born ? Birthplace Constantinop … Wikipedia
Constantine Angelos Doukas — For other people of the same name, see Constantine Doukas (disambiguation). Constantine Angelos Doukas Usurper of the Byzantine Empire Reign 1193 Born c.1173 Died … Wikipedia