Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
"The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians" is an
encyclopedic dictionaryof music and musicians. Along with the German-language " Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart", it is the largest single reference work on Western music. The Dictionary has gone through several editions since the 19th century and is widely used. In recent years it has been made available as an on-line resource.
It was first published as "A Dictionary of Music and Musicians" in four volumes (1879, 1880, 1883, 1889) edited by Sir
George Grovewith an appendix edited by J.A. Fuller Maitland. The second edition, in five volumes, was edited by J. A. Fuller Maitlandand published between 1904 and 1910. The third edition, also in five volumes, was edited by H. C. Collesand published in 1927. The fourth edition, also edited by Colles, was published in five volumes plus a supplement in 1940. The fifth edition, in nine volumes, was edited by Eric Blomand published in 1954. A supplementary volume followed in 1961.
The New Grove, 1st ed.
When the next edition appeared in 1980, it was under the new name "The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians", and was greatly expanded to twenty volumes with 22,500 articles and 16,500 biographies. [Scott Kennedy, "Reference Sources for Small and Medium-sized Libraries" (1999) p. 216.] It was edited by
It was reprinted with minor corrections each subsequent year until 1995, except 1982 and 1983. In the mid-90s, the set version sold for about $2300. A paperback edition was reprinted in 1995 which sold for $500. At that point, editors likely decided to concentrate on the 2nd edition rather than continue to correct the mistakes of the original 1980 edition.
* ISBN 0-333-23111-2 - hardback
* ISBN 1-56159-174-2 - paperback
* ISBN 0-333-73250-2 - British special edition
* ISBN 1-56159-229-3 - American special edition
The New Grove, 2nd ed.
The second edition under this title (the seventh overall) was published in 2001, in twenty-nine volumes. It was also made available by subscription on the Internet in a service called Grove Music Online [ [http://www.grovemusic.com/ Grove Music Online] - online version of the 2001 edition] . It was again edited by
Stanley Sadie, and the executive editor was John Tyrrell. It was originally to be released on CD-ROM as well, but this plan was dropped. As Sadie writes in the preface, "The biggest single expansion in the present edition has been in the coverage of 20th-century composers".
This edition has been subject to some negative criticism (e.g. in "
Private Eye") owing to the significant number of typographical and factual errors that it contains. Some of the errors were ascribed to the use of students for checking the dictionary, although in fact no students were ever employed as editorial staff. Two volumes were re-issued in corrected versions, however, after production errors originally caused the omission of sections of Igor Stravinsky's worklist and Richard Wagner's bibliography.
* ISBN 0-333-60800-3 - British
* ISBN 1-56159-239-0 - American (cloth: alk.paper)
Grove Music Online
Since its publication, the online edition of the New Grove has been continually maintained under the editorship of Laura Macy. Regular updates are made to the content of the encyclopedia, including a large number of revisions and additions of new articles. As well as the 29 volumes of the New Grove 2nd edition, Grove Music Online incorporates the 4-volume
New Grove Dictionary of Opera(ed. Stanley Sadie, 1992) and the 3-volume New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, 2nd edition (ed. Barry Kernfeld, 2002), comprising a total of more than 50,000 articles.
The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is available to use free of charge to many UK and International Library members from the Grove website using a Library membership number to login.
Oxford Music Online
In March 2008,
Oxford University Presslaunched a new online service called Oxford Music Online, replacing Grove Music Online. The new service is designed to provide a "gateway that offers users the ability, for the first time ever, to access and cross-search the vast resources of Oxford's music reference in one location." [Citation|title = About Oxford Music Online|url = http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/public/about] In addition to providing a new interface, the new service brings the Grove encyclopedias together with the Oxford Companion to Music, the Oxford Dictionary of Music, and the Encyclopedia of Popular Music. OUP plans to continue adding other reference works to the service, including Richard Taruskin's Oxford History of Western Music.
The Grove Dictionary component of Oxford Music Online continues to be updated much as Grove Music Online was, still under the direction of Grove Dictionaries Editor in Chief Laura Macy.
The New Grove is often the first source that English-speaking musicologists use when beginning research or seeking information on most musical topics. Its scope and extensive bibliographies make it exceedingly valuable to any scholar with a grasp of the English language.
The dictionary was published by
Macmillan Publishersbut was sold in 2004 to Oxford University Press. Its principal competitor is the Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart("MGG"), currently ten volumes on musical subjects and seventeen on biographies of musicians, written in German.
In accordance with its status, the New Grove is expensive; the print edition costs over $2000, while an annual subscription to Grove Music Online is $300 [ [https://ams.oup.com/user/newacct.cgi?title=grovemusic Subscribe to Grove Music Online] ] .
The companion four-volume series,
New Grove Dictionary of Opera, is the main reference work in English on the subject of opera.
The 2001 edition contains:
* 29,499 articles in total
** 5,623 entirely new articles
* 20,374 biographies of composers, performers and writers on music
** 96 articles on theatre directors
* 1,465 articles on styles, terms and genres
** 283 articles on concepts
* 805 articles on regions, countries and cities
** 580 articles on ancient music and church music
** 1,327 articles on world musics
** 1,221 articles on popular music, light music, and jazz
* 2,261 articles on instruments and their makers, and performance practice
** 89 articles on acoustics
* 693 articles on printing and publishing
** 174 articles on notation
** 131 articles on sources
* [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=grove+dictionary&=Search&qt=owc_search Worldcat listings for Grove Dictionaries]
*'About the New Grove Dictionary',
San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, [http://www.sfsymphony.org/templates/basic.asp?nodeid=43&callid=34]
*'Grove Music Online ',
Rutgers UniversityLibraries, [http://www.libraries.rutgers.edu/rul/indexes/search_guides/grove_music.shtml]
Greg Sandowand Anne Midgette, 'Grove sees trees but not forest', " The Wall Street Journal", July 3, 2001 [http://www.gregsandow.com/grove.htm]
Benjamin Ivry, 'You could look it up: The New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians' (Review), "Commonweal", March 9, 2001 [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1252/is_5_128/ai_75445612]
*Allen P. Britton, 'Review: The New Grove Dictionary of American Music', "American Music", Vol. 5, No. 2 (Summer, 1987), pp. 194-203 [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0734-4392(198722)5%3A2%3C194%3ATNGDOA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-J]
*Linda B. Fairtile, 'Review: The New Grove Dictionary of Music Online', "Journal of the American Musicological Society", Vol. 56, No. 3 (Autumn, 2003), pp. 748-754 [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-0139(200323)56%3A3%3C748%3ATNGDOM%3E2.0.CO%3B2-I]
*Phillip D. Crabtree, Donald H. Foster, 1993, "Sourcebook for Research in Music", Bloomington: Indiana University Press, ISBN 0253213231 [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=5iL24k5vFMEC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&ots=8M2pAPfUQD&sig=hQa6edDx-jva0zlLKard7lcDjMc]
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