Borean languages

Borean languages

Borean is a proposed language family that would include most of the languages of Eurasia and northern Africa and some or all of the languages of the Americas.

The family was suggested by Sergei Starostin.

It is named after the northern hemisphere (Boreal). Nikita Krugly takes credit for suggesting the name in 2000.

Borean is a smaller proposal than Proto-World but larger than Eurasiatic or Nostratic. Most notably, Borean would include Dené-Caucasian (and therefore Chinese) and Austric, which is thought by some to encompass the other languages of South China and Southeast Asia, neither of which has been included in any of the Nostratic or Eurasiatic proposals.

The research on this hypothesis is in its very early stages. Even its component families have not been established to the satisfaction of most historical linguists, who consequently remain highly skeptical or simply withhold judgment.

Georgiy Starostin expresses the reservation that the name "Borean" would imply a prejudgment that the Eurasian macrofamilies Nostratic, Dené-Caucasian, Afroasiatic and Austric are more closely related to each other than to the African families Nilo-Saharan and Niger-Congo. []

ee also

*Monogenesis (linguistics)

External links

* [ tree diagram]
* [ Description of database of suggested Borean etymologies]
* [ Database of long-range etymologies]
* [ Afrasian and Its Closest Relatives: the Borean Hypothesis]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nostratic languages — Nostratic (controversial) Geographic distribution: Europe, Asia except for the southeast, North and Northeast Africa, the Arctic Linguistic classification: Borean (?) …   Wikipedia

  • Dené-Caucasian languages — Infobox Language family name=Dené Caucasian altname=controversial region=scattered in Eurasia; northern North America child1=Caucasian (controversial) child2=Yeniseian child3=Sino Tibetan child4=Na Dené (incl. Haida – controversial)… …   Wikipedia

  • Dené–Caucasian languages — Dené–Caucasian (controversial) Geographic distribution: scattered in Eurasia; northern North America Linguistic classification: Dené Caucasian Proto language: Proto Dené–Caucasian …   Wikipedia

  • Afroasiatic languages — Afroasiatic Geographic distribution: Horn of Africa, North Africa, Sahel, and Middle East[1] Linguistic classification: One of the world s major language families Proto language …   Wikipedia

  • Proto-Human language — The Proto Human language (also Proto Sapiens, Proto World) is the hypothetical most recent common ancestor of all the world s languages. The concept of Proto Human presupposes monogenesis of all recorded spoken human languages. It does not… …   Wikipedia

  • Proto-World language — The term Proto World language refers to the hypothetical, most recent common ancestor of all the world s languages ndash; an ancient proto language from which are derived all modern languages, all language families, and all dead languages known… …   Wikipedia

  • List of language families — See also: Language family This List of language families includes also language isolates, unclassified languages and other types of languages. Contents 1 Major language families 1.1 By number of native speakers 1.2 By number of languages …   Wikipedia

  • Harold C. Fleming — is an anthropologist and historical linguist. As an adherent of the Four Field School of American Anthropology he stresses the integration of physical anthropology, linguistics, archaeology, and cultural anthropology in solving anthropological… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.