Bohtan Neo-Aramaic

name=Bohtan Neo-Aramaic
nativename=ܣܘܪܬ "Sôreth"
states=Georgia, Russia
region=Mainly in Gardabani village, Georgia
fam3=Central Semitic
fam5=Eastern Aramaic
fam6=Central Eastern Aramaic
fam7=Northeastern Central Eastern Aramaic

Bohtan Neo-Aramaic is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. Originally, Bohtan Neo-Aramaic was spoken on the Plain of Bohtan in Şırnak Province of southeastern Turkey, but it is now spoken mostly around the village of Gardabani, near Rustavi in Georgia.

Before the First World War, there were around 30,000 speakers of Bohtan Neo-Aramaic on the Plain of Bohtan, around the town of Cizre in Turkey's Sirnak Province. Mostly Assyrian Christians, their language was a northern dialect of Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, but already somewhat more conservative than the standard Alqosh dialect. With the turmoil that hit eastern Turkey at the end of the war, many Christian peoples were forced from their homes. A decimated population travelled from Bohtan and eventually resettled in Garbadani in southeastern Georgia, 530 km from their original home. Many of the speakers of Bohtan Neo-Aramaic are over sixty year of age. The younger generations tend to use Georgian or Russian instead.

The latest study of the language was carried out by Samuel Ethan Fox in 1999, showing that Bohtan Neo-Aramaic has retained many conservative features of Chaldean and Assyrian Neo-Aramaic which are not present in the standard Alqosh and Urmia dialects, but has also developed new features that are not present in other dialects.


* [ Ethnologue entry for Bohtan Neo-Aramaic]
* Heinrichs, Wolfhart (ed.) (1990). "Studies in Neo-Aramaic". Scholars Press: Atlanta, Georgia. ISBN 1-55540-430-8.
* Maclean, Arthur John (1895). "Grammar of the dialects of vernacular Syriac: as spoken by the Eastern Syrians of Kurdistan, north-west Persia, and the Plain of Mosul: with notices of the vernacular of the Jews of Azerbaijan and of Zakhu near Mosul". Cambridge University Press, London.

See also

* Aramaic language
* Assyrian Church of the East
* Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
* Chaldean Neo-Aramaic
* Syriac alphabet
* Syriac language

External links

* [ Ethnologue report for Bohtan Neo-Aramaic] .

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bohtan Neo-Aramaic — ISO 639 3 Code : bhn ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Neo-Aramaic languages — Neo Aramaic Modern Aramaic Ethnicity: Assyrians Geographic distribution: Iraq, Iran, Israel, Syria, Turkey and diaspora Linguistic classification …   Wikipedia

  • Chaldean Neo-Aramaic — ܟܠܕܝܐ Kaldāyâ, ܣܘܼܪܲܝܬ Sōreth Sûret in written Syriac (Madnkhaya script) Pronunciati …   Wikipedia

  • Northeastern Neo-Aramaic — NENA Geographic distribution: traditionally spoken from the plain of Urmia to the plain of Mosul, in Iran, Turkey and Iraq; now, most speakers are in North America and Israel Linguistic classification …   Wikipedia

  • Central Neo-Aramaic — See Northeastern Neo Aramaic for the other languages of the larger group. Central Neo Aramaic Northwestern Neo Aramaic Geographic distribution: Mardin and Diyarbakır provinces in Turkey, Qamishli and al Hasakah in Syria; also in Sweden and… …   Wikipedia

  • Aramaic language — Not to be confused with the Amharic language. For the people, see Aramaeans. Aramaic Arāmît Pronunciation [arɑmiθ], [arɑmit], [ɑrɑmɑjɑ], [ɔrɔmɔjɔ] Spoken in Ir …   Wikipedia

  • Turoyo language — Tûrôyo ܛܘܪܝܐ Ṭuroyo, ܣܘܼܪܲܝܬ Ṣurayt, >ܣܘܪܝܝܐ Suryoyo Pronunciation [tˤurˈɔjɔ] …   Wikipedia

  • Mlahsô language — Mlahsô ܡܠܚܬܝܐ Mlaħsô, ܣܘܪܝܝܐ Suryô Spoken in Syria, Turkey Region Qamishli in northeastern Syria, two villages in Diyarbakır Province of southeastern Turkey …   Wikipedia

  • Mandaic language — Mandaic Mandāyì, Raṭnā Spoken in Iran, Iraq, USA, Australia Region Iraq Baghdad, Basra Iran Khūzestān Native …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrian Church of the East — Assyrian Christian redirects here. For other uses, see Assyrian (disambiguation). Assyrian Church of the East Emblem of the Assyrian Church of the East Founder Traces origins to Saints Thomas, Bartholomew, Thaddeus (Addai) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.