Parjanya

Parjanya (IAST|parjánya) is the Hindu deity of rain [http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V02_249.gifParjanya] The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1909, v. 2, p. 214. Parjanya. Another deity of the air is Parjanya, whose activity in connexion with the phenomena of the rainstorm is very graphically described. Vayu. The god of wind, Vayu or VAta, is often associated with Indra and Parjanya in the drama of the storm.] , often identified with Indra, the "Bull" of the Rigveda , but also associated with Varuna as a deity of clouds and as punishing sinners. Two hymns of the Rigveda, 5.63 and 7.101, are dedicated to Parjanya. In Vedic Sanskrit "Parjanya" means "rain" or "raincloud". Prayers dedicated to "Parjanya", to invoke the blessings of rains are mentioned in the Atharva Veda [ [http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/av/av04015.htm Prayer.. ] Atharva Veda, translated by Ralph T.H. Griffith, 1895, Book 4: Hymn 15, A charm to hasten the coming of the of the rains.] .

Parjanya was also one of the Saptarishi (Seven Great Sages Rishi) in the fifth Manvantara [ [http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/vp/vp075.htm Fifth interval of Manu] Vishnu Purana, translated by Horace Hayman Wilson, 1840, Book III: Chapter I. p. 262-263, In the fifth interval the Manu was Raivata: the Indra was Vibhu: the classes of gods, consisting of fourteen each, were the Amitábhas, Abhútarajasas, Vaikunthas, and Sumedhasas: the seven Rishis wereHirańyaromá, Vedasrí, Urddhabáhu, Vedabáhu, Sudháman, Parjanya, and Mahámuni.] . He is one of the 12 Adityas and according to the Vishnu Purana, the guardian of the month of Kartik [ [http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/vp/vp068.htm Parashara...In the month of Kártik they are Parjanya, Bharadwája, (another) Viswávasu, Viswáchí, Senajit, Airávata, and Chápa] Vishnu Purana, translated by Horace Hayman Wilson, Book II: Chapter X. p. 233, Names of the twelve Ádityas. Names of the Rishis, Gandharbhas, Apsarasas, Yakshas, Uragas, and Rákshasas, who attend the chariot of the sun in each month of the year. Their respective functions...] , a Gandharva and a Rishi in the Harivamsa. The name may be cognate with Lithuanian "Perkūnas" "god of thunder", Gothic "fairguni" "mountain", see Perkwunos [ [http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/srp/srp05.htm#fr_72 Parjanya means "the rain" or "the thunderer..] Songs of the Russian People, by W. R. S. Ralston, 1872, Chapter II: Section I.--The Old Gods. p. 87. The description of Parjanya is in all respects applicable to the deity worshipped by the different branches of the Slavo-Lettic family under various names, such as the Lithuanian Perkunas, the Lettish Perkons, the Old Prussian Perkunos, the Polish Piorun, the Bohemian Peraun, and the Russian Perun. According to a Lithuanian legend, known also to other Indo-European nations, the Thunder-God created the universe by the action of warmth--Perkunas wis iszperieje. The verb perieti (present form periu) means to produce by means of warmth, to hatch, to bear, being akin to the Latin pario, and the Russian parit' . In Lithuania Perkunas, as the God of Thunder, was worshipped with great reverence. His statue is said to have held in its hand "a precious stone like fire," shaped "in the image of the lightning," and before it constantly burnt an oak-wood fire. If the fire by any chance went out, it was rekindled by means of sparks struck from the stone.] .

Rig Veda hymns to Parjanya

RV 5.63 in the translation of Griffith [http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/rv05083.htm Parjanya] Rig Veda, translated by Ralph T.H. Griffith, 1896, Book 5, Hymn LXXXIII. Parjanya.] ::1a "IAST|áchā vada tavásaṃ gīrbhír ābhí stuhí parjányaṃ námasâ vivāsa":1c "IAST|kánikradad vṛṣabhó jīrádānū réto dadhāty óṣadhīṣu gárbham":Sing with these songs thy welcome to the Mighty, with adoration praise and call Parjanya.:The Bull, loud roaring, swift to send his bounty, lays in the plants the seed for germination.

:2a "IAST|ví vṛkṣân hanty utá hanti rakṣáso víśvam bibhāya bhúvanam mahâvadhāt":2c "IAST|utânāgā īṣate vŕṣṇyāvato yát parjánya stanáyan hánti duṣkŕtaḥ":He smites the trees apart, he slays the demons: all life fears him who wields the mighty weapon.:From him exceeding strong flees e'en the guiltless, when thundering Parjanya smites the wicked.

:3a "IAST|rathîva káśayâśvāṁ abhikṣipánn āvír dūtân kṛṇute varṣyāaàṁ áha":3c "IAST|dūrât siṁhásya stanáthā úd īrate yát parjányaḥ kṛṇuté varṣyàṃ nábhaḥ":Like a car-driver whipping on his horses, he makes the messengers of rain spring forward.:Far off resounds the roaring of the lion, what time Parjanya fills the sky with rain-cloud.

:4a "IAST|prá vâtā vânti patáyanti vidyúta úd óṣadhīr jíhate pínvate svàḥ":4c "IAST|írā víśvasmai bhúvanāya jāyate yát parjányaḥ pṛthivîṃ rétasâvati":Forth burst the winds, down come the lightning-flashes: the plants shoot up, the realm of light is streaming.:Food springs abundant for all living creatures, what time Parjanya quickens earth with moisture.

:5a "IAST|yásya vraté pṛthivî nánnamīti yásya vraté śaphávaj járbhurīti":5c "IAST|yásya vratá óṣadhīr viśvárūpāḥ sá naḥ parjanya máhi śárma yacha":Thou at whose bidding earth bows low before thee, at whose command hoofed cattle fly in terror,:At whose behest the plants assume all colours, even thou Parjanya, yield us great protection.

:6a "IAST|divó no vṛṣṭím maruto rarīdhvam prá pinvata vŕṣṇo áśvasya dhârāḥ":6c "IAST|arvâṅ eténa stanayitnúnéhy apó niṣiñcánn ásuraḥ pitâ naḥ":Send down for us the rain of heaven, ye Maruts, and let the Stallion's flood descend in torrents.:Come hither with this thunder while thou pourest the waters down, our heavenly Lord and Father.

:7a "IAST|abhí kranda stanáya gárbham â dhā udanvátā pári dīyā ráthena":7c "IAST|dŕtiṃ sú karṣa víṣitaṃ nyàñcaṃ samâ bhavantūdváto nipādâḥ":Thunder and roar: the germ of life deposit. Fly round us on thy chariot waterladen.:Thine opened water-skin draw with thee downward, and let the hollows and the heights be level.

:8a "IAST|mahântaṃ kóśam úd acā ní ṣiñca syándantāṃ kulyâ víṣitāḥ purástāt":8c "IAST|ghṛténa dyâvāpṛthivî vy ùndhi suprapāṇám bhavatv aghnyâbhyaḥ":Lift up the mighty vessel, pour down water, and let the liberated streams rush forward.:Saturate both the earth and heaven with fatness, and for the cows let there be drink abundant.

:9a "IAST|yát parjanya kánikradat stanáyan háṁsi duṣkŕtaḥ":9c "IAST|prátīdáṃ víśvam modate yát kíṃ ca pṛthivyâm ádhi":When thou, with thunder and with roar, Parjanya, smitest sinners down,:This universe exults thereat, yea, all that is upon the earth.

:10a "IAST|ávarṣīr varṣám úd u ṣû gṛbhāyâkar dhánvāny átyetavâ u":10c "IAST|ájījana óṣadhīr bhójanāya kám utá prajâbhyo 'vido manīṣâm":Thou hast poured down the rain-flood now withhold it. Thou hast made desert places fit for travel.:Thou hast made herbs to grow for our enjoyment: yea, thou hast won thee praise from living creatures.

Verse 2 and 9 describe Parjanya as a violent god, slaying demons like Indra and chastising the wicked like Varuna. Verses 3 to 5 describe thunderstorm and torrential rain (Monsoon) as a gift from a benevolent god, feeding plant and animal life, and "liberating the streams", an important mythological motive of the Rigveda, again connected with Indra. In verse 10, Parjanya having bestowed the beneficient rain is asked to cease again.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parjanya — (Sanskrit: पर्जन्य Parjanya m. »Regenwolke«; Pali: Pajunna; Ardhamagadhi: Pajanna) ist ein vedischer Regengott. In nachvedischer Zeit wurde er mit Indra gleichgesetzt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Vedismus Hinduismus 2 Jinismus 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Parjanya — prop. n. 1. (Hinduism) The Hindu god of rain; sometimes identified with {Indra}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Parjanya — Mousson dans les monts Vindhya . Parjanya est le dieu hindou de la pluie. Sommaire 1 Védisme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • parjánya — पर्जन्य …   Indonesian dictionary

  • pārjanyá — पार्जन्य …   Indonesian dictionary

  • parjányā-vā́ta — पर्जन्यावात …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Parjanya — noun Hindu god of rain; sometimes identified with Indra • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Hindu deity …   Useful english dictionary

  • parjánya-jinvita — पर्जन्यजिन्वित …   Indonesian dictionary

  • parjánya-krandya — पर्जन्यक्रन्द्य …   Indonesian dictionary

  • parjánya-nātha — पर्जन्यनाथ …   Indonesian dictionary


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