Pope Celestine III
English name=Celestine III
March 30, 1191
January 8, 1198
Pope Celestine III (
Rome, c. 1106 – January 8, 1198), born Giacinto Bobone, was elected Popeon March 30, 1191, and reigned until his death. He was born into the noble Bobone family (ancestors of the Orsinifamily), though he was only a deaconbefore becoming Pope. He was ordained a prieston April 13, 1191, ruled the church six years, nine months, and nine days (though believed to have been about eighty five when elected), died January 8, 1198, and was buried at the Lateran. He crowned the Emperor Henry VI (1190–97) on the day after his election with a ceremony symbolizing his absolute supremacy, as described by Roger of Hoveden, who is believed (more reasonably as it would seem) by Baronius, but discredited by Natalis Alexander. He subsequently excommunicated the same Henry VI for wrongfully keeping Richard I of England(1189–99) in prison. In 1192, he confirmed the statutes of the Teutonic Order of Knights. He would have resigned the Papacy, and recommended a successor (Cardinal Giovanni di San Paolo, OSB) shortly before his death, but was not allowed to do so by the cardinals.
"initial text from the 9th edition (1876) of an old encyclopedia"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pope Celestine III — Pope Celestine III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Celestine III (GIACINTO BOBONE) The first of the Roman Orsini to ascend the Chair of Peter, b. about 1106; d. at Rome, 8 January, 1198. He was forty seven years a Cardinal when, in … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent III — Infobox pope English name=Innocent III birth name=Lotario de Conti di Segni term start=January 8, 1198 term end=July 16, 1216 birthplace= Gavignano, Italy birth date=February 22, 1161 predecessor=Celestine III successor=Honorius III… … Wikipedia
Pope Honorius III — Infobox Pope English name=Honorius III birth name=Cencio term start=July 18, 1216 term end=March 18, 1227 predecessor=Innocent III successor=Gregory IX birth date=1148 birthplace= Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|1227|3|18|mf=y… … Wikipedia
Pope Innocent III — Pope Innocent III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent III (Lotario de Conti) One of the greatest popes of the Middle Ages, son of Count Trasimund of Segni and nephew of Clement III, born 1160 or 1161 at Anagni, and died 16… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Honorius III — Pope Honorius III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Honorius III (Cencio Savelli) Born at Rome, date of birth unknown; died at Rome, 18 March, 1227. For a time he was canon at the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, then he became papal… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Clement III — Pope Clement III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Clement III (Paolo Scolari). Date of birth unknown; elected 19 December, 1187; d. 27 March, 1191. During the short space (1181 1198) which separated the glorious pontificates of… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Clement III — Clement III Papacy began December 19, 1187 Papacy ended March 20, 1191 Predecessor Gregory VIII … Wikipedia
Pope Alexander III — Alexander III Papacy began September 7, 1159 Papacy ended August 30, 1181 Predecessor Adrian IV … Wikipedia
Pope Victor III — Victor III Papacy began May 24, 1086 Papacy ended September 16, 1087 Predecessor … Wikipedia
Pope Nicholas III — Nicholas III redirects here. See also Patriarch Nicholas III of Constantinople. Nicholas III Papacy began November 25, 1277 Papacy ended August 22, 1280 Predecessor … Wikipedia