caption=Minted gold coin depicting Guaicaipuro.
Guaicaipuro, (circa 1530 – 1568) was a native (indigenous)
Venezuelanchief of both the Tequesand Caracastribes.
Though known today as Guaicaipuro, in documents of the time his name was written "Guacaipuro".
Guaicaipuro formed a powerful coalition of different tribes which he led during part of the
XVI centuryagainst the Spanish conquest of Venezuelan territory in the central region of the country, specially in the Caracasvalley. He commanded, among others, Cacique("Spanish: Indian chief") Naiguatá, Guaicamacuto, Chacao, Aramaipuro, Paramaconiand his own son Baruta. Guaicaipuro is one of the most famous and celebrated Venezuelan Caciques.
The area occupied by the Teques was populated by several native groups each with its own cacique. Guaicaipuro's tribe, which was located in what is now
San José de los Altos, was the largest one. He had a son named Baruta, himself a Cacique. The name of two is his sisters is also known: Tioraand Caycape.
Spaniardsdiscovered gold in the area of the land of the Teques, and as they started to exploit the mines, Guaicaipuro attacked, forcing the Spanish to leave. Following the attack, the governor of the province of Venezuelasent Juan Rodríguez Suárezto pacify the area, which apparently he did after defeating Guaicaipuro in several engagements. Believing he had achieved his task, the Spanish commander and his soldiers left the area leaving behind miners and three of his sons. Once the Spanish soldiers had left, Guiacaipuro assaulted the mines killing all the workers as well as the sons of Rodríguez Suárez.
Immediately thereafter, Rodríguez Suárez who was on his way to the city of Valencia, with a small contingent of only six soldiers, with the purpose of meeting
Lope de Aguirre, another Spanish conquistador, was ambushed by Guaicaipuo and killed.
After these successes Guaicaipuro became the main and central figure in the uprising of all the native tribes in the vicinity of the
Caracasvalley, and managed to unite all the tribes under his command. In 1562 they defeated an expeditionary force led by Luis Narváez. Due to the fierce attacks, the Spanish retreated away from the area for several years.
In 1567 the city of "Santiago de Leon de
Caracas" was founded in the Caracas valley. The Spanish worried about the nearby presence of Guaicaipuro and his men, and given the past history of attacks, they decided not to wait for an attack from him, and as a preventive move Diego de Losada, (founder of Caracas) ordered the mayor of the city, Francisco Infanteto undertake Guacaipuro's capture. In 1568 Infante and his men were led by native guides to the hut where Guaicaipuro lived and they set it on fire to force the native cacique out. Guaicaipuro stormed out and found death at the hands of the Spanish soldiers.
The county of Guaicaipuro in the state of Miranda,
Venezuelawas named in his honor. Later the county reformed to the Guaicaipuro Municipality.
Amidst the new policy started by president
Hugo Chávezof re-assessing and valuing the role of Venezuela's Caciques and indigenous peoples in a historical narrative which has traditionally given greater prominence to the Spanish conquistadores, Guaicaipuro's remains were symbolically moved (his remains have never been found) under ceremonial pomp to the national panteon on December 8, 2001.
Under the same new policy president Chávez often mentions Guaicaipuro and other native chiefs in his speeches with the purpose of inspiring Venezuelans to resist what he calls American imperialists and interventionists policies directed towards Venezuela. Most notably, he does it every year during the
October 12holiday, which after being renamed several years ago Dia de la Raza (previously America's Discovery Day), was recently renamed as Día de la Resistencia Indígena(Day of Indigenous Resistance)
The Venezuelan government named as "
Mission Guaicaipuro" one of its ongoing Bolivarian Missions; this specific program seeks to restore communal land titles and human rights to Venezuela's, still remaining, 33 indigenous tribes.
* [http://www.venezuelatuya.com/biografias/guacaipuro.htm Venezuela Tuya] Short biography of Guaicaipuro (in Spanish).
* [http://www.contraloriadeguaicaipuro.gob.ve/view/cacique.php Guaicaipuro County] Guaicapuro's life (in Spanish).
* [http://www.misionesbolivarianas.gob.ve/misiones/mision-guaicaipuro.html Misión Guaicaipuro] Website for the Venezuelan government's project for the native tribes (in Spanish).
* [http://www.italcambio.com/bille_mone/html2/caciques/caciqueguaicaipuro.htm Guaicaipuro's gold coins] (in Spanish)
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Guaicaipuro — (* um 1530 im Gebiet von Los Teques/Venezuela; † 1568) war ein Kazike (Stammesführer) einiger karibischer Stämme des 16. Jahrhunderts. Er trug den Titel Guapotori (Führer der Führer). Ursprünglich war Guaicaipuro Führer des Teques Stammes gewesen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Guaicaipuro — (actualmente Los Teques, Venezuela, ? 1568) fue un cacique de los indígenas Teques y Caracas. Logró formar una poderosa confederación de tribus, con la que se enfrentó a los españoles por el control del valle de Caracas. Bajo su mando combatieron … Enciclopedia Universal
Guaicaipuro — Monumento al Cacique Guaicaipuro en el punto más alto de la ciudad de Los Teques. Guaicaipuro o Guaicaipuró (n. actualmente Los Teques, Venezuela, alrededor de 1530; m. 1568), fue un nativo indígena, jefe de varias tribus Caribes, con el título… … Wikipedia Español
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Guaicaipuro (cacique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guaicaipuro. Monument du Cacique Guaicaipuro Guaicaipuro mieux connu sous le nom de Guaicapuro fut un cacique du Venezuela, né en … Wikipédia en Français
Radio Comunitaria La Voz de Guaicaipuro — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fundada el 10 de Abril de 2002, bajo la figura de Fundación Comunitaria La Voz de Guaicaipuro, opera bajo la Habilitación 05 y Concesión 81 emitidas por la Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones el 1 de noviembre de … Wikipedia Español
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