Neufch√Ęteau, Vosges

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Neufch√Ęteau, Vosges

Neufch√Ęteau

Coat of arms of Neufch√Ęteau
Neufch√Ęteau is located in France
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Neufch√Ęteau
Administration
Country France
Region Lorraine
Department Vosges
Arrondissement Neufch√Ęteau
Canton Neufch√Ęteau
Intercommunality Association of Neufch√Ęteau Country communes
Mayor Simon Leclerc
(2008‚Äď2014)
Statistics
Elevation 274‚Äď373 m (899‚Äď1,224 ft)
(avg. 289 m/948 ft)
Land area1 23.81 km2 (9.19 sq mi)
Population2 7,395  (2006)
 - Density 311 /km2 (810 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 88321/ 88300
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km¬≤ (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 48¬į21‚Ä≤23‚Ä≥N 5¬į41‚Ä≤47‚Ä≥EÔĽŅ / ÔĽŅ48.356389¬įN 5.696389¬įEÔĽŅ / 48.356389; 5.696389

Neufch√Ęteau is a commune in the Vosges department in Lorraine in northeastern France.

Inhabitants are called Néocastriens.

Contents

Geography

Positioned at the confluence of the Rivers Meuse and Mouzon, the little town dominates the Vosges Plain. It is at the centre of the various communications channels in the south-west of Lorraine, connecting with the région of Champagne to the west.

The A31 Autoroute loops around the east side of Neufch√Ęteau, approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) away at its closest point. Four junctions are available according to subsequent destination, these being numbered 8.1, 9, 10 and 11 and being located respectively at Rob√©court, Bulgn√©ville, Ch√Ętenois and Colombey-les-Belles.

National Road RN74 (in parts downgraded following autoroute network development to Departmental Road RD674) passes through Neufch√Ęteau en route from Nancy in the north-east to Dijon further to the south-west.

The town is on a main railway line connecting with Metz, Nancy, Dijon, Lyon and the south. For a year, in 2006/07, it also found itself a stop on the TGV line to Nice, though the opening of a more direct line put an end to that.

History

One of the oldest towns in Lorraine, Neufch√Ęteau was known as Noviomagus during the Roman period, when it was a market town along the Pretorian road connecting Lyon with Trier. Other names from this period include Noviomagus and Neomagus, which had mutated to Novum Castrum by 1094 when Thierry, son of the Duke G√©rard I constructed a castle here.

Writing in the twelfth century, Hugues Metellus described the town in his poem "Garin le Loh√©rain" as "large and well populated, with a large fortress and abundant wealth" (¬ę grande et bien peupl√©e, ayant un chastel principal, des biens en abondance ¬Ľ). It contained all the ingredients necessary for a good time, including musicians, jugglers and actors. In 1231 Neufch√Ęteau was the first town in Lorraine to receive town privileges. Duke Matthew II granted Neufch√Ęteau a charter which included the right to appoint thirteen people to undertake the functions of a jury, and to elect a mayor. The town was regularly chosen to host conferences convened in order to settle differences arising between Lorraine and France. It was also to Neufch√Ęteau that the Duchess of Lorraine, at this time the regent on behalf of her infant son, called a meeting of the Estates General in 1545.

The final decades of the neighbouring Duchy of Burgundy had been a particularly troubled period ror Lorraine, and as a principal administrative centre, Neufch√Ęteau had been badly hit by the fighting, being invaded and occupied by a Burgundian garrison in 1436 and again in 1476.

After the fall of Burgundy, French influence over Lorraine turned into control. Richelieu saw to the destruction of the town walls at Neufch√Ęteau, which became formally French along with the rest of Lorraine in 1766 with the death of Duke Stanislas. Three decades later, with the new administrative structure introduced across France in the aftermath of the revolution, the town found itself the capital of the Vosges arrondissement. Such was its importance that at the height of the revolutionary fervour it lost its name, mutating from Neufch√Ęteau to Mouzon-Meuse. The town regained its former name as the political temperature cooled, but during the ensuing two centuries it found itself occupied by foreign troops during the Napoleonic Wars, during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, and more recently during the Second World War.

During the final decades of the nineteenth century and the early ones of the twentieth, Neufch√Ęteau was home to an equestrian Republican Guard (France) brigade.

On 19 June 1940 around 100 French soldiers, most of them members of the Twelfth Regilment of Senegalese Fusiliers were shot by German troops in a barn near to Neufch√Ęteau.

In 1965 the commune merged with those of adjacent Noncourt and of Rouceux.

More recently the town hit the headlines when it became the first French commune to renounce its water treatment contract with a large multinational organisation, and take water management back into municipal control.

Heraldry

Blason Neufchateau.svgBlason Neufch√Ęteau Ancien.png

Current (left) and former (right) coats of arms of Neufch√Ęteau.

Twin towns

See also

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

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