Manuel II of Trebizond

Manuel II Megas Komnenos (Greek: Μανουήλ Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Manouēl II Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1324 – 1333) was Emperor of Trebizond for eight months in 1332. He was possibly the illegitimate son of Emperor Andronikos III of Trebizond, whom he succeeded at the age of eight in January 1332.

The short reign of Manuel II was marked by the invasion of Bayram Beg, the Emir of Chalybia, who decided to take advantage of the ruler's minority and invade Trebizond. Although the Turkmen penetrated deep into Trebizond's territory, they were repulsed with heavy losses. In spite of this success, the position of the young emperor and his supporters was far from secure.

The crimes of his father had shocked the people to such a point that they had divided into rival factions, focused on the capital and the countryside. The pro-Byzantine party in the capital invited Manuel's uncle Basil to return to Trebizond from Constantinople and to take over the government. Manuel was deposed after a reign of eight months, and his supporters at court were executed, while he was confined. However, an unsuccessful revolt in his favor led by the megas doux John prompted Manuel's murder on the orders of his uncle in 1333.

References

  • W. Miller, Trebizond: The Last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era, Chicago, 1926.
Manuel II of Trebizond
Komnenid dynasty
Born: c. 1324 Died: 1333
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Andronikos III
Emperor of Trebizond
1332
Succeeded by
Basil

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