- United States Federal Witness Protection Program
The United States Federal Witness Protection Program is a
witness protectionprogram administered by the United States Department of Justiceto protect threatened witnessesbefore, during, and after a trial.
Witness protection is usually required in trials against
organized crime, where law enforcement sees a risk for witnesses to be intimidated by colleagues of defendants.Fact|date=July 2008
Many states, including
California, Illinois, and New York, have their own witness protection programs for crimes not covered by the federal program. The state-run programs provide less extensive protections than the federal program. [ [http://caag.state.ca.us/cbi/content/protection.htm California Witness Protection Program - California Bureau of Investigation - California Dept. of Justice - Office of the Attorney General ] ] [ [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00F1EFF3D590C758CDDAE0894DB404482 'LIE OR DIE' - Aftermath of a Murder; Justice, Safety and the System: A Witness Is Slain in Brooklyn - New York Times ] ]
United States, the Witness Protection Program (also known as the Witness Security Program, or WitSec) was established under Title V of the Organized Crime Control Actof 1970, which in turn sets out the manner in which the United States Attorney Generalmay provide for the relocation and protection of a witnessor potential witness of the federal or state government in an official proceeding concerning organized crimeor other serious offenses. See 18 U.S.C.A 3521 et. seq.
The Federal Government also gives grants to the states to enable them to provide similar services. The federal program is called WITSEC (the Federal Witness Protection Program) and was founded in the late 1960s by Gerald Shur when he was in the Organized Crime and Racketeering Section of the United States Department of Justice. Most witnesses are protected by the
U.S. Marshals Service, while protection of incarcerated witnesses is the duty of the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
Normally, the witness is provided with a new name and location. Witnesses are encouraged to keep their first names and choose last names with the same initial, in order to make it easier to instinctively use the new identity. The
U.S. Marshals Serviceprovides new documentation, assists in finding housing and employment and provides a stipend until the witness gets on his or her feet, but the stipend can be discontinued if the U.S. Marshals Service feels that the witness is not making an aggressive effort to find a job. Witnesses are not to travel back to their hometowns or contact unprotected family members or former associates. In order to do everything possible to preclude the possibility that the witness could be followed, the witness is made to adhere to an extremely convoluted and indirect transportation path, before finally reaching the distant location where they will live under the new identity. Often, the transit involves a long chain of seemingly random air flights, with times and locations which are intended to be difficult for a potential adverse party to anticipate. Around 17 percent of protected witnesses who have committed a crime will commit another crime, compared to the almost 40 percent of parolees who return to crime. [http://people.howstuffworks.com/witness-protection.htm Howstuffworks "How Witness Protection Works" ] ]
* Pete Earley and Gerald Shur. "WITSEC: Inside the Federal Witness Protection Program". Bantam Books, Hardcover February 2002, ISBN 0-553-80145-7, Paperback April 2003, ISBN 0-553-58243-7
* Gregg and Gina Hill, "On the Run: A Mafia Childhood", Warner Books, October 14, 2004, hardcover, 256 pages, ISBN 0-446-52770-X
* John W. King. "The Breeding of Contempt: Account of the Largest Mass Murder in Washington, D.C. History". Xlibris Publishing 2003, ISBN 9781401079031
* Marcia Mitchell. "Betrayed: Outlaw Bikers, Rogue US Marshals, a Failed Witness Protection Program, and Jane Doe, Who Survived It All".
* [http://www.usmarshals.gov/witsec/index.html U.S. Marshals Service, Witness Security Program]
* [http://people.howstuffworks.com/witness-protection.htm How Stuff Works, US Marshall's Witness Protection Program]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Witness protection — is protection of a threatened witness, before, during and after a trial, usually by police. While a witness may only require protection until the conclusion of a trial, some witnesses are provided with new identity and may live out the rest of… … Wikipedia
United States Marshals Service — U.S. Marshals redirects here. For the 1998 film, see U.S. Marshals (film). United States Marshals Service Common name Marshals Service, U.S. Marshals Abbreviation USMS … Wikipedia
United States Parole Commission — The United States Parole Commission is the parole board responsible to grant or deny parole and to supervise those released on parole to incarcerated individuals who come under its jurisdiction.cite web |title=Mission… … Wikipedia
United States Department of Health and Human Services — HEW redirects here. For the Hanford Engineer Works, see Hanford site. DHHS redirects here. For Druid Hills High School, see Druid Hills High School. Department of Health and Human Services Official seal … Wikipedia
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA — UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, country in N. America. This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction Colonial Era, 1654–1776 Early National Period, 1776–1820 German Jewish Period, 1820–1880 East European Jewish Period,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
United States v. Libby — United States of America v. I. Lewis Libby, also known as Scooter Libby (USA v. LIBBY, Case No. 1:2005 cr 00394 RBW) is the federal trial of former high ranking George W. Bush administration official I. Lewis Scooter Libby. Libby served as… … Wikipedia
United States v. Microsoft — United States vs. Microsoft was a set of civil actions filed against Microsoft Corporation pursuant to the Sherman Act 1890 Section 1 and 2 on May 8, 1998 by the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) and 20 U.S. states. Joel I. Klein was the… … Wikipedia
United States Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in Labor and Management — The United States Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in Labor and Management (also known as the McClellan Committee) was a select committee created by the United States Senate on January 30, 1957, and dissolved on March 31,… … Wikipedia
United States Bill of Rights — ] and the other is in the New York Public Library.North Carolina s copy was stolen by a union soldier in April 1865 and returned to North Carolina in 2005, 140 years later.Incorporation extends to StatesOriginally, the Bill of Rights applied only … Wikipedia
History of religion in the United States — The religious history of the United States begins more than a century before the former British colonies became the United States of America in 1776.Some of the original settlers were men and women of deep religious convictions. The religious… … Wikipedia