The term Patayan is used by archaeologists to describe prehistoric and historic Native American cultures between AD 700-1550. These cultures inhabited parts of modern day
Arizona, Californiaand Baja California, including areas near the Colorado RiverValley, the nearby uplands, and north to the vicinity of the Grand Canyon. Their nearest cultural neighbors were the Hohokamin central and eastern Arizona. The historic Yuman-speaking peoples in this region were skilled warriors and active traders, maintaining exchange networks with the Pimain southern Arizona and with the Pacific coast.
The name "Patayan" comes from the
Yumanlanguage and means "old people." However, alternative terms have been proposed for the culture group, as the archaeological record of the Patayan is poorly understood. Archaeologist Malcolm Rogers first identified the Patayan, publishing a definition and chronology of the culture group in 1945. His survey records identified hundreds of desert sites. The harsh environment limits the amount of ongoing archaeological fieldwork in the area and there are not many remains to find. Most Patayan people appear to have been highly mobile and did not build large structures or accumulate numerous possessions. Patayan sites may also have been destroyed by floods in river valleys where some of them raised crops.
Significant archaeological remains of Payayan cultures appear near AD 875 and many cultural characteristics continued into historic times. The Patayan Culture may have originally emerged along the Colorado River, extending from the area around modern Kingman northeast to the Grand Canyon. These people appear to have practiced floodplain agriculture, a conclusion based on the descovery of manos and metates used to process corn in these areas. Stone points and other tools for hunting and hide preparation have been found, suggesting an economy based both on agriculture and hunting and gathering.
Early Patayan sites contain shallow pithouses or surface "long houses," consisting of a series of rooms arranged in a linear fashion. These homes had a pitroom at the east end, perhaps for storage or ceremonial activities. Later sites were less well defined and show loose groupings of varying house types.
The Patayan made both baskets and
pottery. Ceramics were apparently not adopted until AD 700. Patayan pottery is primarily plain ware, visually resembling the 'Alma Plain' of the Mogollon. However, these pots were made using the paddle-and-anvil method, and the forms are more reminiscent of Hohokamware. The use of paddle-and-anvil construction suggests that people from or influenced by the Hohokam first settled in this territory. Lowland Patayan pottery is made of fine buff colored riverine clays, while the upland Patayan pottery is more coarse and a deeper brown. Painted ware, sometimes using red slips, appear heavily influenced by the styles and designs of neighboring cultures.
Pre-historic Southwestern Cultural Divisions
* [http://www.clayhound.us/sites/patayan.htm Patayan Map and Pottery]
*Cordell, Linda S. "Prehistory of the Southwest." Academic Press, New York, 1984.
*Fagan, Brian M. "Ancient North America: Tha Archaeology of a Continent (part five)." Thames and Hudson, Inc., New York, New York, 1991. ISBN 0-500-05075-9.
*Plog, Stephen. "Ancient Peoples of the American Southwest". Thames and Hudson, London, England, 1997. ISBN 0-500-27939-X.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Patayan — Les Patayans sont un ancien peuple natif américain ayant vécu en Californie et au sud de l Arizona. Ce peuple, très mal connu et peu étudié, est composé de chasseurs cueilleurs semi nomades puis sédentaires. Des constructions en matières … Wikipédia en Français
patayan — pa·ta·yan … English syllables
patayan — |päd.ə|yän adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Walapai pataya ancient people + English an : of or belonging to a culture of western Arizona dating from about 700 to 1200 and characterized by crude brush and mud huts, clay pottery, and … Useful english dictionary
Patayan Tradition — The Patayan Tradition (AD875 to modern times). The name Patayan comes from the Yuman, old people, used to describe ancient cultures that once flourished west of the Hohokam region and north to the vicinity of the Grand Canyon.Patayan is a still… … Wikipedia
Oasisamerica — cultural areas in southwestern North America. Oasisamerica was a broad cultural area in pre Columbian southwestern North America. It extended from modern day Utah down to southern Chihuahua, and from the coast on the … Wikipedia
Malcolm Jennings Rogers — This article refers to the archaeologist. For others with the name Malcolm Rogers, please see Malcolm Rogers (disambiguation). Malcolm Jennings Rogers (1890–1960) was a pioneering archaeologist in southern California, Baja California, and Arizona … Wikipedia
Prehistoric Southwestern Cultural Divisions — The American Southwest has long been occupied by hunter/gatherers and agricultural people. This area, identified with the current states of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Nevada, and areas of northern Mexico, has seen successive… … Wikipedia
Ancient Pueblo Peoples — Anasazi directs here. For the X Files episode, see Anasazi (The X Files). Ancient Pueblo People or Ancestral Puebloans were a prehistoric Native American culture centered on the present day Four Corners area of the Southwest United States, noted… … Wikipedia
Hohokam — otheruses4|the prehistoric archaeological tradition|the freeway in Phoenix, Arizona|Arizona State Route 143Hohokam (ho ho KAHM) is the name applied to one of the four major prehistoric archaeological traditions of the American Southwest. Variant… … Wikipedia
Cocopah people — Cocopah Total population 912 (1993) Regions with significant populations … Wikipedia