1987 Pacific typhoon season

Infobox hurricane season
Basin=WPac
Year=1987
Track=1987 Pacific typhoon season summary.jpg
First storm formed=January 8, 1987
Last storm dissipated=December 19, 1987
Strongest storm name=Nina
Strongest storm pressure=891
Strongest storm winds=145
Average wind speed=1
Total storms=24
Total hurricanes=18
Total intense=6
five seasons=1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989
The 1987 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1987, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November. [Gary Padgett. [http://www.typhoon2000.ph/garyp_mgtcs/may03sum.txt May 2003 Tropical Cyclone Summary.] Retrieved 2006-08-26.] These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1987 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

torms

24 tropical cyclones formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 23 became tropical storms. 18 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 6 reached super typhoon strength. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1987atcr/pdf/1987.html 1987 ATCR TABLE OF CONTENTS ] ]

Typhoon Orchid/Auring

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Orchid 1987 track.pngFormed=January 8
Dissipated=January 14
1-min winds=95
Pressure=956

Tropical Storm Percy

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Percy 1987 track.pngFormed=April 11
Dissipated=April 13
1-min winds=40
Pressure=1001

Tropical Storm Ruth

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Ruth 1987 track.pngFormed=June 18
Dissipated=June 19
1-min winds=35
Pressure=997

Typhoon Sperry/Bebeng

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Sperry 1987 track.pngFormed=June 27
Dissipated=July 1
1-min winds=75
Pressure=981

uper Typhoon Thelma/Katring

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac



Track=Thelma 1987 track.pngFormed=July 7
Dissipated=July 16
1-min winds=130
Pressure=911
Typhoon Thelma, which formed on July 6, steadily intensified to a peak of convert|150|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on winds on the 11th while east of the northern Philippines. It turned sharply northward in response to a break in the ridge, slowly weakening as it remained east of any major landmass. On the 15th, convert|80|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on Typhoon Thelma hit the south coast of South Korea, causing massive flooding amounting to 123 casualties (with 212 missing) and $124 million (1987 USD) in crop and structural damage. In addition, Thelma brought heavy wind and rough seas to the Philippines that killed 12 people. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1987atcr/pdf/wnp/05w.pdf Super Typhoon Thelma.] Retrieved on 2007-01-19.]

Typhoon Vernon/Diding

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Vernon 1987 track.pngFormed=July 16
Dissipated=July 21
1-min winds=65
Pressure=983

Typhoon Wynne/Gening

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Wynne 1987 track.pngFormed=July 22
Dissipated=August 1
1-min winds=125
Pressure=921
This cyclone was the fifth typhoon of 1987. It became the third midget of the year and maintained an eye for six days. The initial disturbance formed east of the International Dateline on July 20. As it moved west-northwest, it organized into a tropical depression. It became a typhoon on July 23 and passed over the northern Marianas island of Alamagan. By July 26, Wynne reached its maximum intensity of 125 kt/145 mph. As it rounded the western periphery of the subtropical ridge, the cyclone became sheared from the north and became an exposed center. Even so, it maintained typhoon intensity until July 29. Recurving east of Honshū, Wynne continued to weaken, becoming an extratropical cyclone by the afternoon of July 31. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1987atcr/pdf/wnp/07w.pdf Typhoon Wynne.] Retrieved on 2007-01-07.]

Typhoon Alex/Etang

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Alex 1987 track.pngFormed=July 23
Dissipated=July 28
1-min winds=65
Pressure=976

uper Typhoon Betty (Herming)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac



Track=Betty 1987 track.pngFormed=August 8
Dissipated=August 16
1-min winds=140
Pressure=891
The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression on August 7 while around convert|500|mi|km east of the Philippines. It drifted northwestward, becoming a tropical storm on the 9th and a typhoon on the 10th. Betty turned westward, where it rapidly intensified to a convert|160|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on super typhoon on the 11th. It weakened slightly to a convert|155|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on super typhoon before hitting the central Philippines on the 12th. Betty weakened to a convert|105|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on typhoon over the country, but restrengthened to a convert|135|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on typhoon over the South China Sea. Land interaction weakened Betty to a minimal typhoon before it hit central Vietnam on the 16th. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1987atcr/pdf/wnp/09w.pdf Super Typhoon Betty.] Retrieved on 2007-01-19.] Betty caused 94 deaths, with damage from flooding adding up to 2 billion Philippine Pesos. [Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. [http://www.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/cab/dtc_08.htm Most Destructive Tropical Cyclones for the Month of August (1948-2000).] Retrieved on 2007-02-04.]

Typhoon Cary/Ising

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Cary 1987 track.pngFormed=August 13
Dissipated=August 22
1-min winds=85
Pressure=968

uper Typhoon Dinah/Luding

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Dinah 1987 track.pngFormed=August 21
Dissipated=August 31
1-min winds=130
Pressure=910

Tropical Storm Ed

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Ed 1987 track.pngFormed=August 22
Dissipated=August 28
1-min winds=35
Pressure=998

Typhoon Freda

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Freda 1987 track.pngFormed=September 4
Dissipated=September 17
1-min winds=125
Pressure=916
The middle cyclone of a set of triplets, Freda stalled briefly after Gerald dissipated and Holly swung around its northeast side, with Freda eventually following Holly out of sea by recurving east of Japan. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1987atcr/pdf/wnp/13w.pdf Typhoon Freda.] Retrieved on 2007-01-19.]

Typhoon Gerald/Neneng

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Gerald 1987 track.pngFormed=September 4
Dissipated=September 10
1-min winds=105
Pressure=937
On September 4 a tropical depression formed east of Luzon from the monsoon trough. It remained embedded within the trough, and moved erratically, drifting northward to become a tropical storm late on the 4th. Gerald turned more to the northwest, reached typhoon strength on the 7th, and continued to intensify to a peak of convert|120|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on on the 8th. It passed south of Taiwan, disrupting the circulation and weakening it as it continued to the west-northwest. Gerald hit southeast China as a convert|65|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on tropical storm on the 10th, and dissipated the next day. Mudslides and torrential flooding up to convert|16|in|mm in some locations resulted in $131 million in damage (1987 USD) and 127 fatalities. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1987atcr/pdf/wnp/14w.pdf Typhoon Gerald.] Retrieved on 2007-01-19.]

uper Typhoon Holly

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Holly 1987 track.pngFormed=September 5
Dissipated=September 15
1-min winds=140
Pressure=898
The eastern member of a set of triplets, Holly recurved well out to sea, not affecting mainland Asia. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1987atcr/pdf/wnp/15w.pdf Super Typhoon Holly.] Retrieved on 2007-01-19.]

Typhoon Peke

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac



Track=Peke 1987 track.pngFormed=September 21
Dissipated=October 3
1-min winds=100
Pressure=944

Typhoon Ian

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Ian 1987 track.pngFormed=September 23
Dissipated=October 1
1-min winds=110
Pressure=933

Tropical Depression 17W

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Formed=September 24
Dissipated=September 26
1-min winds=30
Pressure=1000

Tropical Storm June

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=June 1987 track.pngFormed=September 29
Dissipated=October 1
1-min winds=40
Pressure=994

Typhoon Kelly/Oniang

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Kelly 1987 track.pngFormed=October 10
Dissipated=October 18
1-min winds=95
Pressure=950
A tropical disturbance formed east of the southern Philippines on October 7. Moving north-northwest for much of its life cycle, the system became a tropical depression and strengthened into a tropical storm on October 11 and a typhoon on October 12. Recurving near the 26th parallel, Kelly struck southern Japan as a typhoon early on October 17 and rapidly transitioned into an extratropical cyclone later that day in the Sea of Japan. On Shikoku Island Kelly dropped convert|20|in|mm of rain, resulting floods and landslides killed 8 people. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1987atcr/pdf/wnp/19w.pdf Typhoon Kelly.] Retrieved on 2007-01-19.]

uper Typhoon Lynn/Pepang

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac



Track=Lynn 1987 track.pngFormed=October 16
Dissipated=October 27
1-min winds=140
Pressure=898
Typhoon Lynn, having developed from the monsoon trough on October 14 over the open ocean, rapidly intensified to a convert|160|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on super typhoon on the 19th and 20th. It crossed through the Mariana Islands, and steadily weakened as it continued westward. Lynn passed just north of Luzon on the 23rd, and upper level winds weakened it to a tropical depression before it hit southern China on the 28th. Lynn's tight pressure gradient, in combination with a large high pressure area over China, caused heavy winds over Taiwan, resulting in the formation of torrential rains of up to convert|68|in|mm in Taipei. 42 people perished from the extreme flooding, the worst in Taiwan in 40 years. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1987atcr/pdf/wnp/20w.pdf Super Typhoon Lynn.] Retrieved on 2007-01-19.]

Tropical Storm Maury/Rosing

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Maury 1987 track.pngFormed=November 11
Dissipated=November 19
1-min winds=45
Pressure=991

uper Typhoon Nina (Sisang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac



Track=Nina 1987 track.pngFormed=November 19
Dissipated=November 29
1-min winds=145
Pressure=891
Tropical Storm Nina, which began its life on November 16 in the eastern portion of the Western Pacific ocean, slowly strengthened to a typhoon on the 21st. It continued to strengthen as it passed through the Caroline Islands, and reached super typhoon strength on the 25th just east of the Philippines. Nina continued to intensify, and reached a peak of convert|165|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on winds just before hitting the central Philippines on the evening of the 25th. Nina exited the archipelago the next day as a convert|105|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on typhoon. Nina briefly re-strengthened to a convert|115|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on typhoon before turning to the north. The typhoon briefly threatened Hong Kong on the 28th, but vertical shear caused the low level circulation and upper level circulation to separate, leaving a rapidly weakening Nina to turn southward over the South China Sea. The storm finally dissipated on the 30th, but not after causing 1,036 casualties and extensive crop damage on its path of 1.12 billion Philippine Pesos (1987 pesos). [Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomic Services Administration. [http://www.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/cab/dtc_11.htm Most Destructive Tropical Cyclones for Month of November (1948-2000).] Retrieved on 2007-02-04.]

Tropical Storm Ogden

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Ogden 1987 track.pngFormed=November 24
Dissipated=November 25
1-min winds=45
Pressure=997

Typhoon Phyllis/Trining

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Phyllis 1987 track.pngFormed=December 10
Dissipated=December 19
1-min winds=100
Pressure=943

1987 storm names

Western North Pacific tropical cyclones were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The first storm of 1987 was named Orchid and the final one was named Phyllis.

One central Pacific storm, Hurricane Peke, crossed into this basin. It became Typhoon Peke, keeping its original name and "C" suffix.

ee also

*List of Pacific typhoon seasons
*1987 Pacific hurricane season
*1987 Atlantic hurricane season
*1987 North Indian Ocean cyclone season
*Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons: 1986-87, 1987-88

References

External links

* [http://www.typhoon2000.ph Typhoon2000 Philippine typhoon website] .
* [http://www.typhoon2000.ph/plotting/PhilippineTyphoonChart.gifPhilippine Area of Responsibility] .
* [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc.html Joint Typhoon Warning Center] .
* [http://www.weather.gov.hk/informtc/sound/tc_pronunciatione.htm Meaning of Tokyo Typhoon Centre names] .


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