USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71)
USS "Theodore Roosevelt" (CVN-71) (known affectionately as the Big Stick or TR) is the fourth "Nimitz"-class
supercarrierand her call sign is Rough Rider, the name of President Theodore Roosevelt's volunteer cavalry unit during the Spanish-American War. She was launched on 27 October 1984 and saw her first action during Operation Desert Stormin 1991. On 9 June 1990, Capt. Charles S. Abbot became the ship's third Commanding Officer and on 28 December, Theodore Roosevelt and CVW-8 deployed for Operation Desert Shield. With the commencement of Operation Desert Stormon 15 January 1991, Theodore Roosevelt commenced combat operations, eventually flying over 4,200 sorties (more than any other carrier) and dropping more than 4,800,000 pounds of ordnance before the cease-fire on 28 February.
Her history began on 30 September 1980, when a contract was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding.
Construction began on 31 October 1981, when
Secretary of Defense Casper Weinbergerauthenticated the keel-laying of "Theodore Roosevelt" by initiating the first weld. Captain Paul W. Parcellswas named Prospective Commanding Officer in February 1984, and that October the ship was officially christened. On 25 October 1986, "Theodore Roosevelt" was placed in active service. Her cost is $4.5 billion dollars in 2007 dollars.
Normally the first ship in a class, in this case "Nimitz", would be shock tested prior to deployment. However, "Nimitz" was never tested and the testing fell to "Theodore Roosevelt", or the "T.R." as she is sometimes referred to by her sailors. The "T.R." had four explosive charges at various depths, distances and amplitudes detonated underneath her hull. All critical components were videotaped and analyzed. The shock testing was in addition to the standard tests that all newly commissioned ships endure such as high speed runs and turns.
Because of extensive changes between the first three units of the class and "T.R." and all subsequent ships, the latter six are infrequently called "Theodore Roosevelt"-class" aircraft carriers.
Dayton W. Rittbecame "Theodore Roosevelt" 's second Commanding Officer on 3 October 1987, and on 30 December 1988, "Theodore Roosevelt" started her maiden deployment, which was also the maiden deployment of the first 10-squadron air wing, Carrier Air Wing Eight.
"Theodore Roosevelt" was awarded the Battle "E" from Commander,
Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, on 20 March 1990.
Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm
On 9 June 1990, Capt.
Charles S. Abbotbecame the ship's third Commanding Officer and on 28 December, "Theodore Roosevelt" and CVW-8 deployed for Operation Desert Shield. With the commencement of Operation Desert Stormon 15 January 1991, "Theodore Roosevelt" began combat operations; eventually flying over 4,200 sorties (more than any other carrier) and dropping more than 4,800,000 pounds of ordnance before the cease-fire on 28 February.
Iraqi forces turned on the Kurds, "Theodore Roosevelt" and CVW-8 were among the first coalition forces in Operation Provide Comfort, flying patrols over northern Iraq. After a 189-day deployment, with 169 days at sea, "Theodore Roosevelt" returned to Norfolk on 28 June 1991. On 14 February 1992, the ship won her second Battle "E". This was followed by the award of the Battenberg Cupfor 1991 as the Atlantic Fleet's premier ship.
Stanley W. Bryantbecame "Theodore Roosevelt" 's fourth Commanding Officer on 27 August 1992.
Third Deployment 11 March 1993
"Theodore Roosevelt" and CVW-8 began their third deployment on 11 March 1993, teamed with the Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force (SPMAGTF) to test the concept of embarking a multi-purpose Marine force in a carrier. "Theodore Roosevelt" hosted President
Bill Clinton's first visit to a U.S. Navyship, then sailed to the Adriatic as CVW-8 planes enforced Operation Deny Flightin the U.S. no-fly zone over Bosnia. In June, on the way to only her second port visit, "Theodore Roosevelt" was ordered to turn around and transit the Suez Canalen-route to the Red Seato participate in Operation Southern Watch, enforcing the no-fly zone over Iraq.
Deployed for 184 days, "Theodore Roosevelt" spent 169 days underway. Her flight deck logged over 16,000 hours, and CVW-8 flew more sorties than during
Operation Desert Storm. For her accomplishments, the ship received her second Meritorious Unit Commendation.
In November 1993, "Theodore Roosevelt" entered
Norfolk Naval Shipyard(NNSY) for a Selected Restricted Availability (SRA). Heading back to sea on 14 April 1994, "Theodore Roosevelt" became the first nuclear carrier to complete an SRA ahead of schedule at NNSY.
Awards for 1993 continued. "Theodore Roosevelt" received the CINCLANTFLT
Golden Anchor Awardfor the best retention in an Atlantic Fleet carrier. On 10 March 1994, "Theodore Roosevelt" received its third Battle "E". Then on 3 June, "Theodore Roosevelt" was awarded her second Battenberg Cupas the best ship in the Atlantic Fleet.
On 8 July 1994, Capt.
Ronald L. Christensonbecame "Theodore Roosevelt" 's fifth Commanding Officer.
TR visited the Caribbean island of
St. Maartenfor a port call in November 1994 during carrier-qualification exercises.
Fourth Deployment March 1995
"Theodore Roosevelt" and CVW-8 began their fourth deployment in March 1995, operating in the
Red Seain support of Operation Southern Watch. TR returned to Norfolk, Virginia from deployment in September. "Theodore Roosevelt" also provided a "Forward...from the Sea" presence, conducting flight operations in support of Operations Deny Flight and Sharp Guard over the skies of Bosnia and in the Adriatic operating areas. Deny Flight evolved into Operation Deliberate Force, as CVW-8 aircraft led NATOstrikes against strategic Bosnian Serb targets in Bosnia-Herzegovina. During "Theodore Roosevelt" 's transit home, Secretary of the Navy John H. Daltoncame aboard and awarded the "Theodore Roosevelt" Battle Group the Navy Unit Commendationfor its Bosnia operations. Ports of call visited during the deployment were Haifa, Israel(twice); Jebel Ali, UAE; Rhodesand Corfu, Greece; and Trieste, Italy. Also during this deployment, King Husseinof Jordanwas flown onto the ship via a S-3B Viking aircraft and given a VIP tour of the ship for the day. While "TR" was anchored in Rhodes, Greece for a port call, Oprah Winfrey, who was vacationing on the island, requested and received a tour of the ship.
In 1996, "Theodore Roosevelt" received her third consecutive Golden Anchor Award and Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet's first
Security Excellence Award. CVW-3 joined "Theodore Roosevelt" in May 1996 prior to her port visit to Halifax, Nova Scotia. On 1 November 1996, Capt. David Architzelbecame "Theodore Roosevelt" 's sixth Commanding Officer. "Theodore Roosevelt" deployed for her fifth deployment on 25 November 1996, conducting operations in the Mediterraneanand Persian Gulfin support of Operation Southern Watch.
On 8 July 1997, "Theodore Roosevelt" entered the
Newport News Shipbuildingyard for a one-year Extended Drydock and Selected Restricted Availability (EDSRA), her first major overhaul since commissioning. In February 1998, "Theodore Roosevelt" received her fifth Golden Anchor Award while in the shipyard. One year later, "Theodore Roosevelt" returned to her homeport at the Norfolk Naval Station.
David R. Bryantbecame "Theodore Roosevelt" 's seventh Commanding Officer on 22 September 1998.
ixth Deployment 26 March 1999
"Theodore Roosevelt" began her sixth deployment on 26 March 1999 with CVW-8. They were immediately called to duty in the
Ionian Seato support NATO's Operation Allied Force. "Theodore Roosevelt" and CVW-8 aircraft conducted air strikes for two months over the skies of Kosovoagainst the Serbians. TR and CVW-8 were then dispatched to support Operation Southern Watch, enforcing the "no-fly" zone over Southern Iraq. "Theodore Roosevelt" returned to her homeport of Norfolk, Va., on 24 September 1999.
On 7 January 2000, "Theodore Roosevelt" entered a Planned Incremental Availability at the Norfolk Naval Naval Shipyard,
Portsmouth, Virginia. This six month maintenance period ended on 30 June 2000 when the ship departed on sea trials.
R.J. O'Hanlonbecame "Theodore Roosevelt" 's eighth Commanding Officer in 2000.
"Theodore Roosevelt" successfully completed her Inter-Deployment Training Cycle in August 2001.
eventh Deployment on 19 September 2001
After the events of
9/11, "Theodore Roosevelt" began her seventh deployment earlier than planned on 19 September 2001 with Carrier Air Wing One. On the night of October 4, 2001, "Theodore Roosevelt" and CVW-1 launched the intial strikes of Operation Enduring Freedomagainst al-Qaedain Afghanistan. "Theodore Roosevelt's" spent 159 consecutive days at sea, breaking the record longest period underway since WWII [http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-47099_ITM] . "Theodore Roosevelt" returned to her homeport 27 March 2002, and was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation, 2001 Battenberg Cup, and 2001 Battle E.
Eighth Deployment on 6 January 2003
"Theodore Roosevelt" pulled out of NNSY 30 October 2002, after completing a Planned Incremental Availability. "Theodore Roosevelt" left
Naval Station Norfolkon 6 January for a month long training cruise in the Caribbean area. While down there "TR" received orders to proceed across the Atlantic to the Mediterranean Sea. "TR" arrived in February and began preparations to launch attacks on Iraq. On 16 March 2003 "Theodore Roosevelt" along with the USS Harry S. Trumanbegan launching air strikes into Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Ports of call included: Souda Bay, Crete; Koper, Slovenia; and Spain. "TR" returned home 26 May. Shortly after returning the "Theodore Roosevelt" was again awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation, the Navy Unit Citation, and the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal.
John 'Turk' Greenbecame "Theodore Roosevelt" 's ninth Commanding Officer in 2003.
In February 2004, "TR" entered a ten-month DPIA (Docked Planned Incremental Availability). Major systems overhauled included AC systems, Steam and CHT (sewage) systems, 1MC (announcing) systems, communication, navigation, and detection suites, weapons elevator overhauls, Propeller replacement, hull cleaning and painting, and sea valve replacement, to name a few. TR came out of the dry-dock in August and completed its availability in December 2004 with all four catapults operational and certified, a first for a carrier.
John R. Haleybecame "Theodore Roosevelt" 's tenth Commanding Officer in May 2005.
Ninth Deployment on 1 September 2005
On 1 September 2005, "TR" deployed for a routine six-month mission to the Persian Gulf in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. This deployment was notable in that it was the last cruise for the
F-14 Tomcatbefore its scheduled retirement in 2006. The TR carried two Tomcat squadrons, VF-31(Tomcatters) and VF-213(Black Lions). This was also the first cruise of a Nimitz Class carrier with the Type II Generic I&C Reactor Plant Control Console. Ports of call included Majorca(Palma), Spain; Naples, Italy; Dubai, UAE; Marmaris, Turkey; and Corfu, Greece. "Theodore Roosevelt" returned to home port 11 March 2006.Fact|date=July 2008
Shortly after this cruise, the TR earned the
"Jig Dog" Ramage Carrier and Carrier Air Wing Operational Excellence Award, which is a Navy-wide award that is selected jointly by Type Commanders (TYCOM) and is presented to the Carrier/Air Wing team with the best performance as an integrated unit.
On 7 March 2007 the "Roosevelt" began a nine month Planned Incremental Availability (PIA) in Norfolk, which will see the addition of RAM missiles among other upgrades. [ [http://www.news.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=28222 Theodore Roosevelt Moves to Shipyard ] ] The ship returned to Naval Station Norfolk on 28 November 2007.Fact|date=July 2008
Captain C. Ladd Wheeler became "Theodore Roosevelt"
's eleventh commanding officer on 11 January 2008.Fact|date=July 2008
CVW-8 and "Theodore Roosevelt" participated in Joint Task Force Exercise 08-4 Operation Brimstone off the coast of
North Carolinabetween 21 July and 31 July 2008. The British carrier HMS|Ark Royal|R07|6, the amphibious assault ship USS|Iwo Jima|LHD-7|2 with associated units and the Brazilian Navyfrigate "Greenhalgh" (F-46) and the French submarine "Améthyste" also participated in the event [ [http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=38478 JTFEX 08-4 "Operation Brimstone" Flexes Allied Force Training] ] .coord|36.9565|-76.3295|
"Roosevelt" left Norfolk on September 8 for a six- to seven-month deployment to the Middle East. On board were Carrier Air Wing 8 with strike fighter squadrons VFA-15, VFA-31, VFA-87 and VFA-213; tactical electronics warfare squadron VAQ-141; carrier airborne early warning squadron VAW-124; and helicopter anti-submarine squadron HS-3. In transit the ship stopped at
Cape Town, South Africa. This was the first visit to Cape Town by a nuclear-powered vessel since the German cargo ship the Otto Hahnin the 1970s. [IOL, USS Theodore gets green light]
Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Navy Unit Commendation(2 awards)
Meritorious Unit Commendation
Battle Efficiency Award(3 awards)
National Defense Service Medal
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Southwest Asia Service Medal(3 campaigns)
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Armed Forces Service Medal(2 campaigns)
Sea Service Deployment Ribbon(9 campaigns)
* Kuwaiti Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
* Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
Battenberg Cup(1991, 1993, 2001)
* Golden Anchor / Retention Excellence Award (1988, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997)
* Security Excellence Award (1996)
* Capt. Edward F. Ney Memorial Award for Outstanding Food Service (2001, 2002)
* [http://www.tr.surfor.navy.mil/default.aspx Official "Theodore Roosevelt" web site]
* [http://www.navysite.de/cvn/cvn71.html An unofficial USS "Theodore Roosevelt" webpage]
* [http://www.uscarriers.net/cvn71history.htm USS Theodore Roosevelt history at U.S. Carriers]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=&ie=UTF8&t=k&om=0&ll=36.95919,-76.328829&spn=0.003031,0.006748&z=18 USS Theodore Roosevelt on Google Maps]
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