States of Brazil


States of Brazil

The Federative Republic of Brazil is a union of twenty-six "estados" ("states"; singular "estado") and formed by the states and one district, the "Distrito Federal" ("Federal District") which contains the capital city, Brasília.

States are generally based on historical, conventional borders and have developed throughout the centuries; though some boundaries are arbitrary. The federal district is not a state on its right, but shares some characteristics of a state and some of a municipality.

The Federal District is encompassed by the state of Goiás and Minas Gerais. The codes given below are defined in .

History

In 1943, with the entrance of Brazil into the Second World War, the Vargas regime detached seven strategic territories from the border of the country in order to administer them directly: Amapá, Rio Branco, Acre, Guaporé, Ponta Porã, Iguaçu and the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha. After the war, the first three territories were retained as states, with Rio Branco and Guaporé being renamed Roraima and Rondônia, respectively. Ponta Porã and Iguaçu resorted to territorial status. In 1988, Fernando de Noronha became part of Pernambuco.

In 1960, the square-shaped "Distrito Federal" was carved out of Goiás in preparation for the new capital, Brasília. The previous federal district became the state of Guanabara until in 1975 it was merged with the state of Rio de Janeiro, becoming the municipality of Rio de Janeiro.

In 1977, Mato Grosso was split into two states. The northern area retained the name Mato Grosso while the southern area became the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, with Campo Grande as its capital. The new Mato Grosso do Sul incorporated the territory of Ponta Porã and the northern part of Iguaçu. Central Iguaçu went to Paraná, and southern Iguaçu went to Santa Catarina.

In 1988, the northern portion of Goiás became the state of Tocantins, with Palmas as its capital.

List of Brazilian states

ee also

*Brazil Socio-Geographic Division
*List of Brazil state name etymologies
*List of major cities in Brazil

External links

* [http://www.world-gazetteer.com/s/s_br.htm Map of Brazil]
*pt icon [http://www.municipionline.com.br/default.htm Portal of Brazilian municipalities]
* [http://www.labrazil.com/maps/touristCities.php Tourist Cities from Brazil]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United States of Brazil — former official name of Brazil. * * * …   Universalium

  • United States of Brazil — former official name of Brazil …   Useful english dictionary

  • Brazil — • Information includes history, religion, climate, education, and economy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Brazil     Brazil     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • brazil — /breuh zil /, n. brazilwood. [1350 1400; ME brasile < ML < It < Sp brasil, deriv. of brasa live coal (the wood being red in color) < Gmc; see BRAISE] * * * Brazil Introduction Brazil Background: Following three centuries under the rule of… …   Universalium

  • Brazil — Brazilian /breuh zil yeuhn/, adj., n. /breuh zil /, n. a republic in South America. 164,511,366; 3,286,170 sq. mi. (8,511,180 sq. km). Cap.: Brasília. Portuguese and Spanish, Brasil. Official name, Federative Republic of Brazil. * * * Brazil… …   Universalium

  • Brazil — Infobox Country native name = República Federativa do Brasil conventional long name = Federative Republic of Brazil common name = Brazil symbol type = Coat of arms national motto = Ordem e Progresso pt icon Order and Progress national anthem =… …   Wikipedia

  • Brazil–United States relations — Brazilian American relations are characterized as fairly warm and friendly. The United States has increasingly regarded Brazil as a significant power, especially in its role as a stabilizing force and skillful interlocutor in Latin America. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Brazil–Canada relations — Brazilian Canadian relations (also Canada Brazil relationsForeign Affairs Canada [http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/brazil/bilat/index.aspx Canada Brazil relations] ] ) have been cordial but relatively limited, although the relationship… …   Wikipedia

  • Brazil at the 1996 Summer Olympics — Infobox Olympics Brazil games=1996 Summer competitors= sports= flagbearer= gold=3 silver=3 bronze=9 total=15Brazil competed at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, United States.MedalistsBrazil finished in 25th position in the final medal… …   Wikipedia

  • BRAZIL — BRAZIL, South American federal republic; general population (est.) 183 million (2005); Jewish population 97,000. Jewish history in Brazil is divided into four distinct periods with a specific interval: (a) The presence of new christians and the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.