Alien Property Custodian
An Alien Property Custodian was an office within the Government of the
United Statesduring World War Iand again during World War II.
11 March, 1942, President Franklin D. Rooseveltissued Executive Order 9095 establishing the Office of the Alien Property Custodian as an independent agency under his direct authority. He appointed Leo Crowley, a former banker and chair of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporationas APC. During the war the APC amassed a vast portfolio of enemy property including real estate, business enterprises, ships and intellectual property in the form of trademarks, copyrights, patentsand pending patent applications.On May 13, 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnsonissued Executive Order 11281 which abolished the office, effective June 30 of that year [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/131.html#131.1] .
Sec. 6 of the
Trading with the Enemy Act, USStat|40|415, 50 U.S.C.App., authorizes the President to appoint an official known as the "alien property custodian," who is responsible for "receiv [ing,] ... hold [ing] , administer [ing] , and account [ing] for" "all money and property in the United States due or belonging to an enemy, or ally of enemy ... ." The Act was originally enacted during World War I "to permit, under careful safeguards and restrictions, certain kinds of business to be carried on" among warring nations, and to "provid [e] for the care and administration of the property and property rights of enemies and their allies in this country pending the war." Marshall v. Marshall, 126 S.Ct. 1735 (2006) (quoting from Markham v. Cabell, 326 U.S. 404, 414, n. 1 (1945) (Burton, J., concurring)), "see also" S.Rep. No. 113, 65th Cong., 1st Sess., p. 1 (1917).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Alien Property Custodian — An officer, appointed pursuant to the Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917 and amendments thereto, to take custody, at the direction of the President of the United States, of the property, corporeal and incorporeal, of an enemy alien not licensed… … Ballentine's law dictionary
alien property custodian — noun : the person appointed in time of war to take charge of the property of alien enemies … Useful english dictionary
Custodian of Enemy Property — The Custodian of Enemy Property is an institution that handles property claims created by war. In wartime, civilian property may be left behind or taken by the occupying state. In ancient times, such property was considered war loot, and the… … Wikipedia
A.P.C. — Alien Property Custodian … Black's law dictionary
Geschichte der Merck KGaA — Die Geschichte der Merck KGaA, des ältesteten pharmazeutisch chemischen Unternehmens der Welt, beginnt im Jahr 1668 mit dem Kauf einer Darmstädter Apotheke durch Friedrich Jacob Merck. Diese Apotheke wurde der Grundstein für die beiden… … Deutsch Wikipedia
German American Internees in the United States during WWII — Americans of German heritage were imprisoned in WWII.timetable1918 Codification of Alien Enemy Act of 1798, 50 U.S.C 21 24, permitting apprehension and internment of aliens of “enemy ancestry” by U.S. government upon declaration of war or threat… … Wikipedia
Japanese American internment — refers to the forcible relocation and internment of approximately 110,000 Japanese nationals and Japanese Americans to housing facilities called War Relocation Camps , in the wake of Imperial Japan s attack on Pearl Harbor. [… … Wikipedia
Silesian-American Corporation — Silesian American Corporation, SACO – was a holding company for Giesche Spolka Akcyjna (Giesche Corporation), operating in Upper Silesia, Poland during interwar times. Silesian American held 100% of Giesche Spolka Akcyjna stock.SACO was… … Wikipedia
S. Hata Building — Sadanosuke Hata Born 1868 Hiroshima, Japan Died Hilo, Hawaii Nationality Japanese American Occupation Businessman Spouse Masae Shindo … Wikipedia
Тесла, Никола — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Тесла. Никола Тесла серб. Никола Тесла … Википедия