- Heat syncope
Name = PAGENAME
ICD10 = ICD10|T|67|1|t|66
ICD9 = ICD9|992.1
Heat syncope is another stage in the same process as
heat stroke, occurs under similar conditions as heat stroke and is not distinguished from the latter by some authorities. The basic symptom of heat syncope is a body temperature above 40°C (104°F) with fainting, or without mental confusion, which does occur in heat stroke. Heat syncope is caused by mild overheating with inadequate water or salt. In young persons, it is far more common than true sunstroke.
Heat syncope occurs when
blood pressureis lowered as the body dilates (widens) capillaries (small blood vessels) in the skin to radiate heat. Also, water is evaporated from the blood, reducing the blood's volume and therefore lowering blood pressure further. The result is less blood to the brain, causing light-headedness and fainting.
The basic treatment for heat syncope is like fainting: the patient is positioned in a seating or
supineposition with legs raised. Water and oral rehydration saltare administered slowly, and the patient is moved to a cooler area.
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