flourished 2nd century BCto 1st century BC) was a general of Mithridates VI of Pontusin the First Mithridatic War. In 87 BC, he was sent to Greecewith a large army and fleet, and occupied the Piraeusafter three days' fighting with Bruttius Sura, prefect of Macedonia, who in the previous year had defeated Mithridates' fleet under Metrophanesand captured the island of Sciathus. Here he was besieged by Sulla, compelled to withdraw into Boeotia, and completely defeated at Chaeronea (86 BC). A fresh army was sent by Mithridates, but Archelaus was again defeated at Orchomenus, after a two days' battle (85). On the conclusion of peace, Archelaus, finding that he had incurred the suspicion of Mithridates, deserted to the Romans, by whom he was well received, and went on to assist Lucullusin the Third Mithridatic War. His great-grandson, named Sisines, took the name Archelaus, in recognition of his great-grandfather upon set up as the last king of Cappadociaby Mark Antony.
Appian, "Mithrid" 30, 49, 56, 64.
Plutarch, "Sulla" 11, 16-19, 20, 23; "Lucullus", 8.
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