1994 Pacific typhoon season

Infobox hurricane season
Basin=WPac
Year=1994
Track=1994 Pacific typhoon season summary.jpg
First storm formed=January 2, 1994
Last storm dissipated=December 25, 1994
Strongest storm name=Doug
Strongest storm pressure=910
Strongest storm winds=140
Average wind speed=1
Total depressions=41
Total storms=36
Total hurricanes=21
Total intense=6
Fatalities=At least 2,482
five seasons=1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996
The 1994 Pacific typhoon season was an active season in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation in the Western North Pacific, with a total of 41 tropical cyclones during the course of the season. The season had no official bounds and it ran year-round in 1994, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November.

The season started on January 4 with the formation of Tropical Depression One-W to the west of Yap, with the first tropical storm developing a few months later on April 1, and ended near the end of the year after Tropical Storm Bobbie dissipated in the open Pacific on December 25. During the season, 25 systems either threatened land or made landfall, killing over 2,400 people. The strongest storm of the season was Super Typhoon Doug, which affected Taiwan, South Korea and mainland China, while the deadliest storm was Super Typhoon Fred, which killed over 1,000 people in China. Earlier in the season, the combined effects of two tropical storms - Russ and Sharon - caused flooding in China that killed over 1,400. The season also saw two storms, Li and John, cross into the Western North Pacific from the east, while one storm, Tropical Storm Yuri, formed from a precursor low that had similarly crossed the International Date Line.

Tropical depressions forming in this basin had a "W" suffix added to their number; tropical storms that formed west of the date line were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The World Meteorological Organization-designated Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre for tropical cyclones for the region is the Japan Meteorological Agency, although the JMA did not assume full naming responsibility until the 2000 Pacific typhoon season. Some tropical depressions that entered or formed in the Philippine area of responsibility (in 1994, from the equator north to 30°N and from 110°E east to 150°E) were assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This resulted in some storms having two names.

This season, PAGASA named 25 systems and had to use an auxiliary list to name some of them after running out of names from their standard list. Of the 25, three systems were not tracked by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center.__NOTOC__

torms

There were 41 tropical cyclones in all in 1994 in the Western North Pacific; 39 formed within the area while two, Tropical Storm Li and Typhoon John, formed in the Eastern North Pacific (east of longitude 140°W) and crossed the date line to enter this basin. Of the 39, 34 became tropical storms and were named, of which 20 became typhoons. Storms are listed numerically in ascending order by their JTWC tropical depression number (except for the two crossover storms), hence Tropical Storm Brendan (14W) is listed before Tropical Storm Amy (15W) and Typhoon Verne (33W) before Typhoon Teresa (34W).

Tropical Depression 01W (Akang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=1-W 1994 track.pngFormed=January 2
Dissipated=January 5
1-min winds=25
Pressure=1002
Tropical Depression 01W was first observed as a poorly-organised area of clouds in a near-equatorial trough in the Caroline Islands early on January 1. A Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA) was issued at 1400 UTC January 2 after a weather station at Chuuk reported 30 knot (55 km/h) winds.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/01w.pdf|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|title=Tropical Depression 01W|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|year=1995|format=PDF|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report]

However, the system was not able to sustain its convection during the daylight hours of January 3 local time. A second TCFA was issued at 1900 UTC January 3 after new deep convection was noted, and warnings were initiated on January 4 while the system was about 600 km (375 miles) west of Yap.cite web|url=http://www.weather.gov.hk/publica/tc/tc1994.pdf|title=Tropical Cyclones in 1994|author=Royal Observatory Hong Kong|publisher=Government of Hong Kong|month=May|year=1995] Repeated new bursts of deep convection occurred, but the system appeared to be sheared, with the low-level circulation centre located at the southeastern edge of the large cold cirrus cloud shield the deep convection produced.

Tropical Depression 01W made landfall on Samar Island in the Philippines at around 1200 UTC January 5 (8 p.m. local time), following which the depression started to weaken. The final warning was issued early on January 6 after the system lost all its deep convection. 35cite web|url=http://sunzi1.lib.hku.hk/hkjo/view/13/1300072.pdf|author=Bill Kyle|year=1995|title=1994 Tropical Cyclone Summary for the Western North Pacific Ocean (west of 180 degrees)|publisher=University of Hong Kong] to 45cite web|url=http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/ACOS-64CE4N?OpenDocument&rc=3&emid=ACOS-635PB4
title=Philippines Tropical Storm Akang Jan 1994 UN DHA Information Report 1|author=United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs|publisher=ReliefWeb|date=1994-01-13
] deaths were reported, with over 69 million Philippine pesos (1994 pesos; US$2.4 million, unadjusted for inflation) in damage reported. It caused a major flood event in the Philippinescite web|url=https://www.dartmouth.edu/~floods/Archives/1994sum.htm|title=1994 Global Register of Major Flood Events|date=2006-04-14|author=Dartmouth Flood Observatory|publisher=Dartmouth College] . A total of at least 16,000 people had to take refuge in government-run shelters during and after the storm.

Tropical Depression 01W was classified as a tropical storm by PAGASA, and named Akang.

Typhoon Owen (Bising)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Owen 1994 track.pngFormed=March 31
Dissipated=April 8
1-min winds=75
Pressure=967
Typhoon Owen, the only tropical cyclone active in April, formed from a tropical disturbance which was originally identified within a near-equatorial trough over Micronesia. The disturbance was first mentioned by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center on March 29. By March 31, a distinct area within the trough showing signs of cyclonic spin appeared, and a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert was issued.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/02w.pdf|title=Typhoon Owen (02W)|format=PDF|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|year=1995] Six hours later, at 0000 UTC, the JTWC initiated advisories on Tropical Depression 02W. At the same time, the Japan Meteorological Agency classified the system as a tropical storm, Tropical Storm 9401.cite web|url=http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/jma-eng/jma-center/rsmc-hp-pub-eg/Besttracks/bst9195.txt|title=RSMC Best Track Data (Text) 1991-1995|author=RSMC Tokyo-Typhoon Center Japan Meteorological Agency|publisher=Government of Japan|format=TXT] It was located about 420 km (260 miles) west-northwest of Yap.

Owen continued to strengthen, with the JMA classifying it a severe tropical storm on April 3. According to the JTWC, Owen reached typhoon intensity at the same time the JMA classified it a severe tropical storm. However, the JTWC had not forecast Owen to gain typhoon intensity until Owen actually gained typhoon strength, because of wind shear from the southeast, fluctuations in the organisation of deep convection associated with Owen, and the proximity to the Philippine islands.

By now, the storm was tracking southwest to west-southwestward, and reached its peak intensity of convert|75|kn|km/h from the JTWC (60 knots from the JMA) on April 4, shortly before landfall between Leyte and Mindanao. A reading taken late on April 3 at Guiuan on Samar reported sustained winds of 83 km/h (52 mph). It weakened to a tropical storm overland, and although it restrengthened slightly after emerging into the South China Sea, where a drilling rig reported 50-kt (95 km/h, 60 mph) sustained winds, it dissipated over water northwest of Luzon on April 9.

Owen's west-southwestward track shortly before landfall was rare. Most April typhoons making Philippine landfall track northwestward. Owen was one of just two April typhoons in the previous 36 years - the other being Typhoon Wanda of the 1971 season - to make landfall while moving west-southwestward. Owen's later recurvature in the South China Sea was also unusual; it recurved at a latitude of only about 13°N, about 3° south of the average latitude for recurvature in the South China Sea in April.

Owen's impact on the Philippines was widespread, with nine provinces being declared under a "state of calamity" by President of the Philippines Fidel Ramos.cite web|url=http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/OCHA-64D62M?OpenDocument|title=Philippines Tropical Storm Owen Apr 1994 UN DHA Information Report 1|author=United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs|publisher=ReliefWeb|date=1994-04-09] At least 10 people were killed with 5 others missing, and a further 14 fishermen feared drowned. 33 were reported wounded. Over 9000 families were affected by Owen. No damage was reported to the drilling rig in the South China Sea.

In Okinawa, heavy rains were reported on Yonaguni, with a total reported precipitation amount of 313 mm (12.3 inches). [cite web|url=http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/cgi-bin/dt/summary_prec.pl?id=199401&lang=en&sort=total&order=dec&stype=number
title=Precipitation Summary View (Typhoon 199401)|author=Dr. Asanobu Kitamoto|publisher=National Institute of Informatics
] The peak winds measured at Yonaguni in association with Typhoon Owen was 9 m/s (32.4 km/h, 20.3 mph). [cite web|url=http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/cgi-bin/dt/summary_wind.pl?id=199401&lang=en&sort=speed&order=dec&stype=number
title=Wind Summary View (Typhoon 199401)|author=Dr. Asanobu Kitamoto|publisher=National Institute of Informatics
]

Typhoon Page (Klaring)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Page 1994 track.pngFormed=May 11
Dissipated=May 17
1-min winds=90
Pressure=954
On May 8, a large increase in deep convection associated with near-equatorial troughs was noted in the eastern Caroline Islands, and mentioned in the JTWC's 1800 UTC Significant Tropical Weather Advisory (ABPW). By the next morning, visible satellite imagery showed an increase in organisation of the deep convection associated with the system, and synoptic reports from buoys confirmed that a low-level circulation centre was present near 5°N 153°E.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/03w.pdf|title=Typhoon Page (03W)|year=1994|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|format=PDF] Four Tropical Cyclone Formation Alerts had to be issued for the precursor disturbance to Page, the first of which was issued shortly before midnight UTC May 9. A second was issued shortly after, at 1330 UTC, because the centre of the disturbance was already nearing the edge of the warning area for the first TCFA.

Despite favourable conditions for intensification, the disturbance still failed to intensify. A third TCFA was issued 24 hours after the third, due to the good conditions favouring intensification. A band of convection had formed north of the centre by May 11, but as deep convection was still not organised and did not indicate a higher intensity, a fourth TCFA was issued at 0530 UTC. The organisation of deep convection finally improved greatly on the morning of May 12 local time, so warnings were initiated on Page at 1800 UTC May 11. At the same time, the Japan Meteorological Agency began tracking the system, about 510 km (320 miles) west-southwest of Guam.

Page moved on a northwestward track for the first 42 hours after the first warning, all the while slowly strengthening. Page was upgraded to a tropical storm by the JTWC at 1200 UTC on May 12cite web|url=http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/best_tracks/1994/1994s-bwp/bwp031994.txt|format=txt|title=1994 Best Track Data|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center] , when it was located about 500 km north of Yap, while the JMA first considered the system a tropical storm at 0000 UTC May 13. However, at 1200 UTC May 13, Page suddenly slowed in forward speed and began turning to the northeast, reaching its point of recurvature six hours later. A further six hours later, at midnight UTC May 14, Page became a typhoon. However, the JMA did not follow suit until 30 hours later. Page reached its maximum intensity of 90 knots (165 km/h) and minimum pressure of 954 mbar thirty hours after the point of recurvature. Final warnings were issued by both the JTWC and the JMA at 1800 UTC on May 17, as it began extratropical transition around 960 km (600 miles) est-southeast of Tokyo.

Page had the largest average track forecast errors of all the typhoons in 1994, mainly due to failures to expect the recurvature of the typhoon. Furthermore, Page's late attainment of maximum intensity, at 30 hours after point of recurvature, is not common. From 1978 to 1993, only seven of 77 typhoons attained peak intensity more than 24 hours after recurving.

Page remained over water its entire life and did not threaten land. However, large waves and high tides generated by Page affected the western Mariana Islands. A few tourists had to be rescued from high surf and strong currents on Guam. Minimal rainfall was recorded in Japan, the highest recorded total was 29 mm (1.14 inches) in Kumagaya, Saitama. [cite web |author= Dr. Asanobu Kitamoto |url=http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/cgi-bin/dt/summary_prec.pl?id=199402&lang=en&sort=total&order=dec&stype=number
title=Precipitation Summary View (Typhoon 199402)|publisher=National Institute of Informatics
] At Mount Tsukuba, a maximum sustained wind speed of 16 m/s (58 km/h, 36 mph) was recorded. [cite web|author=Dr. Asanobu Kitamoto|title=Wind Summary View (Typhoon 199402) | publisher=National Institute of Informatics |url=http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/cgi-bin/dt/summary_wind.pl?id=199402&lang=en&sort=speed&order=dec&stype=number]

Tropical Depression 04W (Deling)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=4-W 1994 track.pngFormed=May 23
Dissipated=May 26
1-min winds=30
Pressure=1000
On May 14, an area of deep convection associated with a weak cyclonic circulation near Kosrae was mentioned in the JTWC's 0600 UTC Significant Tropical Weather Advisory. For the next five days, this weak circulation tracked west-northwestward in the direction of Guam, before turning to the west-southwest, but convection failed to consolidate near the centre during this time.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/04w.pdf|title=Tropical Depression 04W|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|format=PDF|year=1995] After passing close to Palau on May 21, it turned northwest and entered the Philippine Sea, and was named "Deling" by PAGASA early on May 23 local time. Shortly after, SSM/I imagery indicated the presence of a well-defined low-level circulation centre, and visible and infrared satellite images indicated an increase in organisation of the system and a consolidation of deep convection near the centre. Based on this, a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert was issued by the JTWC at 0600 UTC.

The first warning was issued a day later when the amount of deep convection near the centre increased as the depression neared the Philippines. While over the Philippine islands, a large Mesoscale Convective System (MCS) developed near the centre of the tropical depression, something that would occur again later while the system was west of Luzon. Soon after the second MCS weakened, the system made landfall in central Vietnam on May 26, and quickly dissipated when inland. The Hong Kong Observatory tracked this system as a weak tropical depression from May 25 UTC when it was about 520 km (325 miles) southeast of Xisha for about 24 hours before it dissipated.

According to press reports, over 2,000 people were forced to evacuate from Davao City, despite no reports of significantly high winds or low pressures, as the system caused heavy rainfall that produced heavy flooding that killed five people and left at least one person missing.

Tropical Storm Russ (Emang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Russ 1994 track.pngFormed=June 3
Dissipated=June 9
1-min winds=55
Pressure=984
Tropical Storm Russ was one of just three storms to cause the Hong Kong Observatory to lift Tropical Cyclone Signal #3 in the 1994 season. Russ was first spotted by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center on June 2, about 75 nautical miles (140 km, 80 mi) east of Hainan Island, when it was a tropical disturbance.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/05w.pdf|title=Tropical Storm Russ (05W)|author=Charles P. Guard|year=1995|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|format=PDF] Deep convection over the circulation centre soon improved, and a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert was issued late on June 3 UTC. The Hong Kong Observatory had declared it a tropical depression earlier that afternoon when it was located about 290 km (180 miles) south of Hong Kong.

At first, the system moved generally eastwards to northeastwards as it strengthened slowly. According to the JTWC, it became a tropical storm at about 8 p.m. Hong Kong time on June 4cite web|title=1994 Best Track Data|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|url=http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/best_tracks/1994/1994s-bwp/bwp051994.txt] , passing just south of Dongsha that night. The Japan Meteorological Agency classified Russ Tropical Storm 9403 at 1800 UTC that day. PAGASA then named the system "Emang", shortly before it made a clockwise loop and started to move back towards the west-southwest, intensifying. At this point, the Hong Kong Observatory raised Stand By Signal #1, and this was upgraded to Strong Wind Signal #3 the next day as winds felt in Hong Kong became stronger. All signals were lowered by June 7. It made landfall at 0700 UTC June 8 on the northeastern Luichow Peninsula, and dissipated inland.

Russ killed at least 74 people in Hainan, Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces and injured another 726 people. 16 others were reported missing. 702,430 hectares (7024 square kilometres, 2711 square miles) of farmland in the three provinces were destroyed by floods from Russ. Around 725,000 houses were destroyed. Total damage was estimated at 6.3 billion RMB (1994 RMB).

The maximum wind gust in Hong Kong was reported at Tai Mo Shan, where a gust to 104 km/h (65 mph) was recorded on June 7. Maximum daily rainfall in the territory was recorded at Yuen Long on June 8, when 41.0 millimetres (1.6 inch) was reported.

Tropical Storm Sharon (Gading)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Sharon 1994 track.pngFormed=June 21
Dissipated=June 25
1-min winds=45
Pressure=991
In mid-June, not long after Tropical Storm Russ had made landfall, an area of convection south of Chuuk within the near-equatorial trough began to consolidate. As it moved west-northwest, it began to organise, prompting the issuance of a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert on June 20. The first warning was issued the next day, however, intensification suddenly stopped and due to vertical wind shear, the system weakened, prompting the issuance of a final warning just 24 hours after the first warning.cite web|author=Charles P. Guard|year=1995|title=Tropical Storm Sharon (06W)|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|format=PDF|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/06w.pdf]

PAGASA named the system Gading as it neared the Philippines, and twelve hours after the final warning was issued, convection once again built up, and a new warning was issued. The Japan Meteorological Agency issued their first warning on Tropical Storm 9404 a day later. As it crossed Luzon, Sharon caused flooding and released mudflows from Mount Pinatubo, killing two people. Traffic on two main highways near Manila was disrupted by the mud.

After crossing Luzon, Sharon reached its peak, with vertical shear inhibiting further intensification. It made landfall on June 25 around 140 km (85 miles) east-northeast of Zhanjiang, or about 60 nautical miles (110 km, 70 miles) east of where Tropical Storm Russ had made landfall just weeks ago.

Sharon claimed 11 lives in the seas off Hong Kong, and the combined flooding effects of Russ and Sharon reportedly left more than 1,400 people dead, and caused over $6 billion (1994 USD) in damage.

Tropical Depression 07W

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=7-W 1994 track.pngFormed=July 2
Dissipated=July 4
1-min winds=30
Pressure=996
Tropical Depression 07W developed in the monsoon trough on June 29, well east of the Philippines.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/07w.pdf|format=PDF|author=Charles P. Guard|title=Tropical Depression 07W|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|year=1995] Warnings were initiated at 0000 UTC June 3 when the system was approximately 250 km (155 mi) southeast of Dongsha. It reached its maximum intensity shortly before landfall on July 4. Flooding associated with Tropical Depression 07W in western Guangdong Province killed four people and left two others missing, and destroyed over 6,700 houses while leaving another 50,000 damaged. 120,000 hectares (1,200 square kilometres, 465 square miles) of farmland were ruined, and irrigation facilities were damaged. Total losses from the storm in Guangdong were estimated to be US$114 million (1994 USD, $153 million 2006 USD). In Guangxi Province, the storm killed six others, and left over 30,000 people homeless.

Typhoon Tim (Iliang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Tim 1994 track.pngFormed=July 6
Dissipated=July 11
1-min winds=125
Pressure=916
A tropical disturbance formed in the Caroline Islands on July 5 south of a Tropical Upper Tropospheric Trough, and was first mentioned in the Joint Typhoon Warning Center's Significant Tropical Weather Advisory at 0600 UTC that same day. A Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert was issued early the next morning, followed shortly after by the first warning on the new tropical depression.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/08w.pdf|title=Typhoon Tim (08W)|author=Charles P. Guard|year=1995|format=PDF|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report] The system developed as it moved northwest, becoming a tropical storm as it approached 130°E. The Japan Meteorological Agency classified the system Tropical Storm 9405 on the morning of July 8. Rapid intensification began the same day, and Tim reached typhoon intensity later that day, peaking at convert|125|kn|km/h on July 10.

From July 9 to July 11, Tim and Tropical Storm Vanessa engaged in a Fujiwara interaction, and Tim absorbed the smaller Vanessa into its southeastern quadrant.cite web|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/09w.pdf|title=Tropical Storm Vanessa (09W)|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|year=1995|format=PDF] Late on July 10, Tim struck Taiwan, bringing gusts of convert|98|kn|km/h to Chengkung as it made landfall about 200 km (125 miles) south of Taipei. Continuing northwest, Tim moved into mainland China as a weaker typhoon, crossing the coast about 150 km (90 miles) south-southwest of Fuzhou. It dissipated well inland on July 11.

Damage was widespread in Taiwan, where Tim killed at least 19 people and left another 11 missing, and where 67 people reported injuries. A freighter with 97 mainland Chinese on board ran aground near Suao. About 50,000 hectares (500 square kilometres, 195 square miles) of farmland was flooded, and more than 300 buildings collapsed during the storm. The bad weather also disrupted international flights, and knocked out electricity to over 2 million households. NT$2 billion (1994 TWD) was the reported cost of damage.

In Fujian Province, Typhoon Tim killed three people and flooded 140,000 hectares (1,400 km²., 540 sq. mi.) of farmland, with damages estimated at 1.5 billion renminbi (1994 RMB). Tim was also blamed for 14 deaths and 6 injuries in the Philippines (Pangasinan, Ilocos Sur and Ilocos Norte provinces) as it passed near the area.cite web|url=http://www.adrc.or.jp/publications/databook/databook_20th/PHL.pdf|format=PDF|title=Natural Disasters in Philippines (Raw Data, 1901-2000)|pages=p. 13|publisher=Asian Disaster Reduction Center]

Tropical Storm Vanessa (Loleng)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Vanessa 1994 track.pngFormed=July 8
Dissipated=July 11
1-min winds=45
Pressure=991
As Tim developed in the Philippine Sea, a tropical disturbance in the South China Sea began to show development. A Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert was issued late on July 8, after it had been mentioned in the day's Significant Tropical Weather Advisory as it had maintained a low-level circulation centre for over 24 hours. The first warning on Tropical Depression 09W was issued just four hours after the TCFA. It strengthened into a tropical storm six hours later, with both the Joint Typhoon Warning Centercite web|title=1994 Best Track Data|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|url=http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/best_tracks/1994/1994s-bwp/bwp091994.txt] and the Japan Meteorological Agency classifying it a tropical storm.

Vanessa made an anti-clockwise loop and then started to move northeastward under the steering influence of a monsoon flow and Typhoon Tim's circulation, reaching a peak intensity of convert|45|kn|km/h west of Luzon before it was absorbed by the larger typhoon. The final warning was issued on July 11 after it was determined that Vanessa's circulation had been absorbed.

Vanessa was blamed for three deaths in the Philippines, where it was known as Loleng.

uper Typhoon Walt (Miding)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Walt 1994 track.pngFormed=July 14
Dissipated=July 26
1-min winds=130
Pressure=910
Walt was part of a three tropical cyclone outbreak along a reverse-oriented monsoon trough. By July 11, a thunderstorm cluster developed near Palau. The disturbance moved slowly northwest, becoming a tropical depression late on July 14. As it neared the 15th parallel, Walt turned to the northeast and intensified. By the afternoon of July 19 the cyclone had become a super typhoon, the first of the season, an intensity it maintained for a day. While slowly weakening, Walt turned to the west. By the morning of July 23 the cyclone had dropped down to tropical storm strength as it turned to the north for a couple days. The storm turned back to the west, making landfall on the southwest end of Shikoku as a moderate tropical storm, bringing wind gusts to tropical storm force. The cyclone dissipated south of Korea by early on July 27. Rainfall across South Korea helped improve severe drought conditions. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/10w.pdf Super Typhoon Walt.] Retrieved on 2007-05-19.]

Tropical Storm Yunya (Norming)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Yunya 1994 track.pngFormed=July 17
Dissipated=July 21
1-min winds=45
Pressure=991
The disturbance that was to become Tropical Storm Yunya was first mentioned on July 16 by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center when it was located in the South China Sea as cloudiness in a reverse-oriented monsoon trough.cite web|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|title=Tropical Storm Yunya (11W)|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|year=1995|accessdate=2006-03-18|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/11w.pdf] A weak low-level circulation was identified through animated satellite imagery and synoptic data early that morning. As this circulation centre moved in an east-northeast direction, the convection associated with the system became better organised, leading to the issuance of a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert early on July 18 local time (late July 17 UTC).

An hour later, the JTWC issued its first warning on Tropical Depression 11W. At 0600 UTC that day, the Japan Meteorological Agency declared the formation of Tropical Storm 9409. The JTWC would not upgrade Yunya to tropical storm strength for another twelve hours, but post-storm analysis suggested that tropical storm intensity had likely been reached at 0600. Yunya continued to undergo gradual strengthening, reaching its peak strength near landfall in northwest Luzon on the morning of July 19.

As it tracked over land, it became disorganised and weakened to a minimal tropical storm. In the Philippine Sea, Yunya briefly restrengthened and reached a secondary peak of 40 kt (75 km/h, 45 mph). The JMA discontinued warnings after it deemed Yunya to have dropped below tropical storm intensity at 1800 UTC that day, while the JTWC continued monitoring the tropical depression until convection decreased and the storm dissipated on July 21.

During its life, Yunya had an unusual eastward motion, which was due to the reverse-oriented monsoon trough. Yunya was also a small system, and appeared to have been undergoing a period of rapid organisation of convection shortly before it made landfall.

Heavy rain from Yunya caused landslides of volcanic debris from Mount Pinatubo. Coincidentally, a previous Typhoon Yunya in 1991 hit the Philippines the day of Mount Pinatubo's major eruption. Gusts were in excess of 60 kt (110 km/h, 70 mph) across Luzon. Yunya killed at least 11 people and injured at least 7 others, and affected over 420,000 people. A total of US$37.6 million in damage was reported in the Philippines from Yunya.

Typhoon Zeke

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Zeke 1994 track.pngFormed=July 18
Dissipated=July 24
1-min winds=65
Pressure=976
Forming at the opposite end of the monsoon trough from Walt on July 14, the initial tropical disturbance moved north to northeast. Slowly developing, the system became a tropical depression during the early afternoon of July 18. Westerly upper level shear from Walt was slowing development, and Zeke finally achieved tropical storm status early on July 20. The cyclone continued to waver around a northeast track. After turning more northward early on the afternoon of July 22, Zeke became a typhoon for half of a day. Wavering around a more northerly track, Zeke weakened and evolved into an extratropical cyclone on by early on July 25.Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/12w.pdf Typhoon Zeke.] Retrieved on 2007-05-19.]

Tropical Depression 13W

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=13-W 1994 track.pngFormed=July 25
Dissipated=July 25
1-min winds=25
Pressure=1000
Tropical Depression 13W was the shortest-lived tropical cyclone of the season, with only four warnings issued on it.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/13w.pdf |title=Tropical Depression 13W|author=Charles P. Guard|year=1995|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|format=PDF] It formed on July 25 in association with a surge in the southwest monsoon, about 250 km (155 mi) east of Guam. It dissipated the next day, east of the northernmost Mariana Islands, about 250 km (155 mi) north of Guam. No deaths or damage were reported from the depression.

On July 28, a subtropical cyclone was noted southeast of Tokyo, and it is possible that this was a continuation of Tropical Depression 13W.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/14w.pdf|title=Tropical Storm Brendan (14W)|author=Charles P. Guard|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|year=1995|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-03-08]

Tropical Storm Brendan (Oyang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Brendan 1994 track.pngFormed=July 28
Dissipated=August 1
1-min winds=50
Pressure=987
On July 26 a tropical disturbance developed in the Philippine Sea. The system moved northwest at a slow pace for a couple days. A southwest surge in the monsoon turned the disturbance northward, and the system became a tropical depression on the morning of July 29. Accelerating to the north, Brendan became a tropical storm just before reaching Okinawa. The cyclone reached peak intensity to the south of Cheju Island, Korea as a moderate tropical storm. After recurving in the Yellow Sea, the storm recurved across Korea during extratropical transition with subtropical cyclone characteristics. The cyclone evolved into an extratropical cyclone while crossing the Sea of Japan, and reintensified. Up to 200 mm/eight inches of rain in the Korean peninsula helped relieve drought conditions. Two died in Korea during the passage of Brendan.

Tropical Storm Amy

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Amy 1994 track.pngFormed=July 28
Dissipated=July 31
1-min winds=40
Pressure=994
An area of persistent convection associated with a low-level circulation centre moved off Hainan Island into water on July 29.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/15w.pdf|title=Tropical Storm Amy (15W)|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|year=1995|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-03-08] The Japan Meteorological Agency then reported that Tropical Storm 9410 had formed early that day, in the Gulf of Tonkin west of Hainan. This was later designated by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center as Tropical Depression 15W, and it was quickly upgraded to a tropical storm. It moved westward and started to weaken over water, making landfall south of Hanoi before dissipating inland.

Tropical Storm Amy killed 15 and left over 32,000 people displaced in Thailand and Cambodia, and caused damage worth $8 million (1994 USD).

Tropical Storm Caitlin (Pasing)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Caitlin 1994 track.pngFormed=August 1
Dissipated=August 4
1-min winds=60
Pressure=980
A tropical disturbance formed within the monsoon trough northwest of Guam on July 29. Slow development ensued, and four days later, it had become a tropical depression. By late on August 2 the cyclone had achieved tropical storm status. The system turned northwest and accelerated towards Taiwan/Taipei. During the morning of August 3, Caitlin became a storm tropical storm as it made landfall in Hualien county. Green Island experienced gusts of typhoon force for 21 hours as the cyclone's center moved to its north. Taking six hours to cross the mountainous island, Caitlin entered the Taiwan Straits on August 4. By late morning, its center passed inland into mainland China. Rainfall rates as high as 84 mm/3.30 inches per hour were witnessed in the Ningxia Hui autonomous region. Mountain floods left eight dead. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/16w.pdf Tropical Storm Caitlin.] Retrieved on 2007-05-19.]

uper Typhoon Doug (Ritang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Doug 1994 track.pngFormed=August 2
Dissipated=August 13
1-min winds=140
Pressure=910
The eastern end of a monsoon trough developed a tropical depression on July 30. It headed westward, slowly strengthening to a tropical storm on the 2nd and a typhoon on the 3rd. Doug turned more to the northwest, and rapidly intensified from the 4th to the 5th to a convert|160|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on super typhoon. It weakened slightly to a convert|145|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on typhoon before brushing the eastern coast of Taiwan on the 7th. Its circulation became ragged, and it weakened to a tropical storm on the 10th. A ridge to the north pushed Doug west-southwestward where it dissipated over China on the 13th. 19 people lost their lives, and damage was estimated on Taiwan at $110 million (1994 USD).

Typhoon Ellie

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Ellie 1994 track.pngFormed=August 6
Dissipated=August 16
1-min winds=80
Pressure=963

Tropical Storm Li

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Li 1994 track.pngFormed=August 12
Dissipated=August 18
1-min winds=55
Pressure=984
The Central Pacific Hurricane Center issued the first advisory on Tropical Depression 08E on August 3. The tropical depression was upgraded to a tropical storm on August 8, and then to a hurricane at 1200 UTC August 12, just east of the International Date Line. The CPHC issued its final warning at 1800 UTC as the storm started to cross the Dateline.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/08e.pdf|title=Typhoon Li (08E)|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|year=1995|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-03-08] The Japan Meteorological Agency and Joint Typhoon Warning Center both issued their first warnings at 0000 UTC August 13, with the JTWC downgrading Li to a tropical storm at the first warning.

Tropical Storm Li weakened steadily under the influence of strong upper-level westerly winds south of a Tropical Upper Tropospheric Trough which caused shearing of the storm's convection, and it was downgraded to a tropical depression on August 16 as it took a turn to the northeast. The final warning on Li, which was the 59th in total from a United States tropical cyclone centre, was issued on August 18 as the storm dissipated over water. In total, Li travelled over 3600 nautical miles (6670 km, 4170 miles) throughout its existence, starting from the disturbance stage.

uper Typhoon Fred (Susang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Fred 1994 track.pngFormed=August 13
Dissipated=August 22
1-min winds=130
Pressure=910
On August 15, Tropical Depression 19W became a tropical storm over the open West Pacific. Fred tracked westward, slowly intensifying to a typhoon on the 16th and a peak of convert|150|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on winds on the 19th. Unlike most super typhoons, Fred did not rapidly intensify; it's strengthening rate was steady. The storm weakened to a convert|100|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on typhoon before hitting eastern China on August 21. Unfortunately, the landfall coincided with an unusually high astronomical tide, resulting in extreme storm surge combined with heavy flooding, amounting to over 1,000 fatalities and billions in damage.

Typhoon Gladys (Uding)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Gladys 1994 track.pngFormed=August 20
Dissipated=September 2
1-min winds=105
Pressure=938

Tropical Storm Harry

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Harry 1994 track.pngFormed=August 25
Dissipated=August 29
1-min winds=60
Pressure=980

Typhoon Ivy

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Ivy 1994 track.pngFormed=August 25
Dissipated=September 3
1-min winds=75
Pressure=968

Typhoon John

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=John 1994 track.pngFormed=August 28
Dissipated=September 8
1-min winds=105
Pressure=938
On August 28, Hurricane John, which had formed in the Eastern North Pacific, crossed the International Date Line at 0900 UTC and became a typhoon. Shortly after crossing into the Western North Pacific, John reached its secondary peak of 105 knots (195 km/h, 120 mph). While west-southwest of Midway John started to weaken, and was operationally downgraded to a 30-kt (55 km/h, 35 mph) tropical depression at 1800 UTC on September 2, although this was post-operationally increased to 45 knots (85 km/h, 50 mph)cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/cep/10e.pdf |title=Typhoon John (10E)|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|year=1995|format=PDF|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center] . This marked the beginning of another intensification period, during which John recrossed the dateline, this time heading east, and out of the Western North Pacific.

Four advisories on John were issued as a tropical depression in the Western North Pacific, and called for dissipation. John was upgraded to a minimal tropical storm at 1800 UTC on September 3, although the forecast continued to call for dissipation. However, two ship reports, at 1500 UTC and 1800 UTC on September 4, when operationally John was still a minimal 35-knot (65 km/h, 40 mph) tropical storm, indicated that John had sustained winds of 55 knots (100 km/h, 65 mph). In the best-track for the storm, the JTWC post-operationally elevated this value to 60 knots (110 km/h, 70 mph). In all the JTWC warnings from 1200 UTC September 1 to the JTWC's final advisory exactly a week later, the operational wind speed was anywhere from 5 to 25 knots (9 km/h, convert|6|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on to 46 km/h, 29 mph) too low.

No damage from John was reported in the Western North Pacific, although damage was reported from John on Johnston Atoll in the Central Pacific.

Tropical Storm Joel

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Joel 1994 track.pngFormed=September 3
Dissipated=September 7
1-min winds=45
Pressure=991
An area of persistent convection within the monsoon trough in the South China Sea was first mentioned in the Joint Typhoon Warning Center's August 30 Significant Tropical Weather Advisory. At first, the disturbance moved east-northeastward, but turned toward the west-northwest on September 2. The JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert on September 3, which was followed a few hours later by the first warning on Tropical Depression 23W.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/23w.pdf|title=Tropical Storm Joel (23W)|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|author=Charles P. Guard|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|year=1995|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-03-08]

On the morning of September 5, upper-level winds which had impacted on the deep convection to the north of the depression's circulation centre began to weaken, allowing the convection to wrap around the north side of the system. Based on this, the depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Joel. The Japan Meteorological Agency upgraded the storm to Tropical Storm 9422 early the next morning local time.

Joel then made a sharp turn towards the north, and made landfall on the southwestern corner of Hainan Island. During passage over land, Joel reached its peak 45 kt (85 km/h, 50 mph) before turning to the northwest and exiting land into the Gulf of Tonkin. A cloud-filled banding eye then became apparent on visible satellite imagery. Joel made landfall on September 7 near Haiphong, Vietnam before dissipating inland west of Hanoi.

No significant deaths or damage was reported, aside from a few large trees that were knocked down in Hanoi.

Typhoon Kinna

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Kinna 1994 track.pngFormed=September 4
Dissipated=September 11
1-min winds=85
Pressure=958

Tropical Storm Luke (Weling)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Luke 1994 track.pngFormed=September 7
Dissipated=September 14
1-min winds=50
Pressure=987

uper Typhoon Melissa

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Melissa 1994 track.pngFormed=September 10
Dissipated=September 18
1-min winds=135
Pressure=904

Tropical Storm Nat

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Nat 1994 track.pngFormed=September 14
Dissipated=September 22
1-min winds=45
Pressure=991

uper Typhoon Orchid (Aning)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Orchid 1994 track.pngFormed=September 17
Dissipated=September 30
1-min winds=135
Pressure=904

Typhoon Pat

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Pat 1994 track.pngFormed=September 20
Dissipated=September 26
1-min winds=95
Pressure=949

Tropical Storm Ruth

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Ruth 1994 track.pngFormed=September 23
Dissipated=September 28
1-min winds=45
Pressure=991

Tropical Depression 31W

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=31-W 1994 track.pngFormed=September 29
Dissipated=October 3
1-min winds=30
Pressure=1000
On September 26, an upper-tropospheric circulation separated from an upper-level trough that was situated northwest of Hawaii, and began moving westward towards the International Date Line. This Tropical Upper Tropospheric Trough also had deep convection associated with low-level cloud lines, which suggested that a low-level circulation possibly existed.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/31w.pdf|format=PDF|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|year=1995|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|title=Tropical Depression 31W] It crossed the Dateline on September 27, with the convection persisting. First mentioned in the Joint Typhoon Warning Center's Significant Tropical Weather Advisory (ABPW10) on September 28, it continued to organise and became a tropical depression the next day, despite lacking in deep convection.

The depression never strengthened into a tropical storm, and lacked deep convection for most of its existence. It recurved eastward and weakened on October 3, and the final warning was issued. No damage or casualties were reported.

Typhoon Seth (Bidang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Seth 1994 track.pngFormed=October 2
Dissipated=October 12
1-min winds=120
Pressure=922

Typhoon Verne (Delang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Verne 1994 track.pngFormed=October 15
Dissipated=October 31
1-min winds=115
Pressure=927

Typhoon Teresa (Katring)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Teresa 1994 track.pngFormed=October 16
Dissipated=October 26
1-min winds=80
Pressure=963
Typhoon Teresa (named "Katring" by PAGASA) was at one point one of four tropical cyclones that existed simultaneously in the Western North Pacific, and it was the western-most of the four.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/34w.pdf|title=Typhoon Teresa (34W)|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center |year=1995 |format=PDF |accessdate=2007-03-08]

Teresa was first spotted as a tropical disturbance on October 15 while about 300 nautical miles (550 km, 345 mi) east of the southern Mariana Islands. An area of deep convection had gained organisation around this area, leading to a mention in that day's Significant Tropical Weather Advisory from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. It moved west and passed north of Guam near Saipan on October 16 at around 0600 UTC.

A Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert was issued on the disturbance about an hour and a half later, followed by the first warning on Tropical Depression 34W early the next day. It was upgraded by the JTWC to Tropical Storm Teresa six hours later, and by the Japan Meteorological Agency to Tropical Storm 9430 another six hours after that. Tropical Depression 33W, which had formed earlier, was not named until twelve hours after Teresa.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/33w.pdf|title=Typhoon Verne (33W)|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center |year=1995 |format=PDF |accessdate=2007-03-08]

Teresa continued moving westward at a constant pace and intensified into a typhoon on October 19, reaching its peak intensity of 80 kt (150 km/h, 90 mph) that same day. At this point, objective track guidance employed by the JTWC in forecasts failed, as it called for the storm to stall east of the Philippines. However, this irregularity was quickly spotted, and the JTWC's official forecast correctly predicted the path of the storm.

Teresa crossed the central Philippines on a west-southwestward track, passing just south of Manila. It had weakened to a severe tropical storm by the time it exited the Philippine islands. The storm continued on a southwestward motion, slowly re-intensifying, and it had regained typhoon strength by October 23. The storm then slowed and turned toward the west, and slowly weakened as it moved towards the coast of Vietnam. The final warning was issued by the JTWC when Teresa was still a tropical storm, but weakening over water east of Vietnam. The remnants of Teresa made landfall in southern Vietnam late on October 26.

Teresa left at least 14 dead and 11 injured in the Philippines, and caused heavy damage to rice and coconut plantations. Electricity was cut off in Manila and surrounding areas. Trees were also reported uprooted, and utility poles brought down. A Maltese oil tanker located in the South China Sea about 600 km (375 miles) southeast of Hong Kong split into two and capsized, killing two and leaving 14 missing. The other crew members were rescued.

Typhoon Teresa caused a total of US$67.4 million (1994 USD) in damage in Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Cavite Provinces in the Philippines.

Typhoon Wilda

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Wilda 1994 track.pngFormed=October 19
Dissipated=November 1
1-min winds=125
Pressure=916

Tropical Storm Yuri

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Yuri 1994 track.pngFormed=October 22
Dissipated=October 26
1-min winds=35
Pressure=997
On October 22, an area of convection formed northwest of Hawaii in association with a Tropical Upper Tropospheric Trough. Moving rapidly westward, the low-level circulation centre associated with the convective clouds crossed the International Date Line later that day. The first mention of this system by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center in their Significant Tropical Weather Advisory six hours later noted that the low-level circulation had been developing under the TUTT cell. A Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert was issued at 0000 UTC October 23.cite web|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1994atcr/pdf/wnp/36w.pdf|title=Tropical Storm Yuri (36W)|author=Dr. Mark A. Lander|work=1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report|year=1995|publisher=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|format=PDF]

Twelve hours later, the first warning was issued on Tropical Depression 36W, but it noted that the system lacked deep convection near the centre, and that the JTWC had "no [conventional] synoptic data to support our current intensity estimate. The Dvorak satellite analysis model for intensity estimates does not handle these types of hybrid systems very well, so it is likely the satellite intensity estimates on Tropical Depression 36W [may] be significantly lower than the actual winds at the surface."

The Japan Meteorological Agency upgraded the system to Tropical Storm 9433 at 1200 UTC that day, shortly before the JTWC decided to upgrade the depression to Tropical Storm Yuri. The JTWC upgrade was based on a small area of deep convection which had formed to the southeast of the low-level centre, as well as a rapid low-level cloud motion of 40 kt (75 km/h, 45 mph) that was observed to the north of the circulation.

Yuri remained a minimal tropical storm for the next two days or so before it was downgraded to a tropical depression because of a lack of deep convection and a weakening in its appearance on satellite imagery. The final warning was issued a few hours later on October 25.

There were no reports of damage or injuries. A weak wind of 6 m/s (22 km/h, 13 mph) associated with the dissipating system was recorded at Chichi-jima on October 25. [cite web|author=Dr. Asanobu Kitamoto
url=http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/cgi-bin/dt/summary_wind.pl?id=199433&lang=en&sort=speed&order=dec&stype=number
publisher=National Institute of Informatics|title=Wind Summary View (Typhoon 199433)
]

uper Typhoon Zelda (Esang)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Zelda 1994 track.pngFormed=October 27
Dissipated=November 8
1-min winds=135
Pressure=904
The northeastern end of the monsoon trough developed into Tropical Depression 37W on October 25 over subtropical latitudes. It headed southeastward, then turned to the southwest, becoming a tropical storm on the 29th. Zelda continued its slow intensification rate, and as it turned more westward, it became a typhoon on the 1st. Continuing its clockwise movement, Zelda turned to the northwest, where it passed over the Northern Mariana Islands. On the 3rd the storm rapidly intensified to a convert|155|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on super typhoon, and as it turned to the northeast it slowly weakened to a tropical storm on the 8th. On the 10th, Zelda dissipated, only convert|900|nmi|km from its start after following a several thousand mile track.

Typhoon Axel (Garding)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Axel 1994 track.pngFormed=December 12
Dissipated=December 25
1-min winds=115
Pressure=927

Tropical Storm Bobbie

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac


Track=Bobbie 1994 track.pngFormed=December 16
Dissipated=December 25
1-min winds=50
Pressure=987

Other systems

During 1994, PAGASA monitored a few systems designated as tropical depressions that were not warned on by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center or the Japan Meteorological Agency.

torm names

Western North Pacific tropical cyclones were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The first storm of 1994 was named Owen and the final one was named Bobbie.

Two eastern Pacific storms, Hurricane Li (08E) and Hurricane John (10E), crossed into this basin. They became Tropical Storm Li and Typhoon John, keeping their original names and "E" suffix.

Philippines

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) used its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones within its area of responsibility. Lists were recycled every four years. This was the list set for 1994.Michael Padua. [http://www.typhoon2000.ph/oldPAGASAnames.jpgOld PAGASA Names.] Retrieved on 2007-02-07.]

ee also

*List of Pacific typhoon seasons
*1994 Pacific hurricane season
*1994 Atlantic hurricane season
*1994 North Indian Ocean cyclone season
*Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons: 1993-94, 1994-95

References

External links

* [http://www.typhoon2000.ph Typhoon2000 Philippine typhoon website] .
* [http://www.typhoon2000.ph/plotting/PhilippineTyphoonChart.gifPhilippine Area of Responsibility] .
* [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc.html Joint Typhoon Warning Center] .


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