1731 in literature

The year 1731 in literature involved some significant events and new books.

Events

* "The Gentleman's Magazine" is launched by Edward Cave

New books

* Anonymous - "The Life of Mr. Cleveland, Natural Son of Oliver Cromwell"
* Corporate authorship - "The Gentleman's Magazine"
* Nicholas Amhurst as "Caleb D'Anvers" - "A Collection of Poems"
* Thomas Bayes - "Divine Benevolence"
* Samuel Boyse - "Translations and Poems Written on Several Subjects"
* Ralph Cudworth - "A Treatise Concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality" (posth.)
* Robert Dodsley - "An Epistle from a Footman in London to the Celebrated Stephen Duck"
** - "A Sketch of the Miseries of Poverty"
* Henry Fielding - "The Tragedy of Tragedies; or, The Life and Death of Tom Thumb"
* Aaron Hill - "Advice to the Poets"
* William King - "An Essay on the Origin of Evil" (transl. from Latin)
* William Law - "The Case of Reason"
* William Oldys - "A Dissertation Upon Pamphlets"
* Alexander Pope - "An Epistle to the Right Honourable Richard Earl of Burlington" ("Epistle to Burlington," and known to contemporaries as "Of False Taste")
* Elizabeth Rowe - "Letters Moral and Entertaining"
* Joseph Trapp - "The Works of Virgil"

New drama

* Matthew Concanen, Edward Roome, & Sir William Yonge - "The Jovial Crew" (opera, adapted from Richard Brome's "A Jovial Crew")
* Theophilus Cibber - "The Lover"
* Charles Coffey & John Mottley - "The Devil to Pay" (musical adaptation of the play by Thomas Jevon)
* Thomas Cooke - "The Triumphs of Love and Honour"
* Henry Fielding - "The Letter-Writers"
* Philip Frowde - "Philotas"
* Aaron Hill - "Athelwold"
* Charles Johnson - "The Tragedy of Medea"
* George Lillo - "The London Merchant"
** - "George Barnwell"
* David Mallet - "Eurydice"
* Joseph Mitchell - "The Highland Fair"
* James Ralph - "The Fall of the Earl of Essex"

Births

* November 26 - William Cowper, poet (died 1800)
* December 12 - Erasmus Darwin, naturalist (died 1802)

Deaths

* April 21 - Daniel Defoe (born c.1660)
* December 26 - Antoine Houdar de la Motte, dramatist (born 1672)
* Mary Astell, English feminist
* Penelope Aubin, dramatist
* Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery, Jacobite leader and author
* Ned Ward, wit and essayist


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