Volleyball World Cup

Infobox sports league
logo=VolleyballWorldCupLogo.pngpixels=120px
sport=Volleyball
founded=1965
teams=12
continent=International (FIVB)
champion=vb|BRA (men)
vbw|ITA (women)

The World Cup is a men's and women's volleyball competition. Created in 1965 (men) and 1973 (women), it is an international qualification event for the Olympic Games. It is not to be confused with the Volleyball World Championship or the Volleyball World League.

History

Origins

The World Cup was created in 1965 with the purpose of partially filling the gap between the two most important volleyball tournaments, the Olympic Games and the World Championship, which take place in alternating 4-year cycles. The establishment of a third international competition would leave only one in every four years with no major events.

The World Cup was to be held in the year following the Olympic Games. The first two tournaments were for men's volleyball only; in 1973, a women's tournament was also introduced. Originally, each tournament had a different host, but in 1977 the competition was transferred to Japan on a permanent basis.

In the 1990s, the installment of annual international events such as the World League and the Grand Prix made the original motivations for the creation of the World Cup obsolete. Instead of letting a consolidated event disappear for lack of interest, the FIVB decided to change its format in 1991: it would be held in the year preceding, and not following, the Olympic Games; and it would be considered a first international Olympic qualification tournament, granting the winner a direct berth in the games.

This move saved the competition. The possibility of securing an early berth for the Olympic Games, thus avoiding extraneous and in some cases tight continental qualification procedures, became a consistent motivation for the national federations to participate in the World Cup. In 1995, the number of Olympic spots granted at the competition was increased to three, as it remains up to now (2005).

Winners (Men)

Former Soviet Union and Brazil (2007) managed to win the Men's World Cup more than once. The Soviets took the gold at the opening edition of the tournament, in 1965. Four years later, the winner was also a socialist nation, East Germany. Brazil´s team won consecutively 2003 and 2007.

Scheduled for Uruguay, the men's events of the 1973 edition were cancelled. In 1977, competition was resumed in Japan, and the USSR came back for two wins in a row. In 1985, they were once again runner-ups, but lost the decisive match to USA in five sets. In 1989, Cuba surprised the world and beat a rising Italy to take the gold.

With the competition now set as a qualifying event for the Olympic Games, Soviet Union, led by Dmitri Fomin won the title in 1991, at the brink of dissolution. The Italians, who hadn't participated in this edition, finally conquered their gold medal in 1995.

Inheriting a large part of the former Soviet volleyball programme, Russia was the winner in 1999. In the following edition, the last one played so far, favorite Brazil did not disappoint its fans and swept smoothly through all its opponents for the gold.

Winners (Women)

The Women's World Cup has had not one great winner, like its counterpart for men's volleyball, but two: Cuba and China.

The first edition of the tournament was won by the Soviet Union. Japan, the runner-up of 1973, took the gold in 1977. With the help of superstar player Lang Ping, China won the following two editions, in 1981 and 1985.

Then Cuba stepped forward to begin its amazing World Cup career, winning its first title in 1989. With the tournament now as an Olympic qualifier, there followed three more consecutive victories, in 1991, 1995 and 1999.

China came back in 2003 with a remarkably offensive team to win its third title.

Finally Italy won the 2007 edition with an outstanding record of eleven wins in eleven games and only two sets left to the opponents (both lost against Serbia).

Competition formula

The World Cup is the most stable from all competition formulas employed by the FIVB. The following rules apply:

*The competition takes place in Japan.
*Twelve teams participate in each event: ten qualified, two per invitation.
*Japan is always pre-qualified as host nation.
*Five continental champions are qualified plus the best four continental vice-champions according to the FIVB ranking.
*The remaining two teams participate through wild cards granted by the FIVB.
*Since the 1999 edition, only teams not yet qualified for the following Olympic Games can compete in the World Cup.
*The competition is divided in exactly two phases (called "legs").
*Teams are divided in two pools.
*At the first leg, each team plays one match against all other teams in its pool.
*At the second leg, each team plays one match against all the teams in the other pool.
*Matches take place continuously through two weeks, with one-day breaks every two or three days. Each day, six matches are played.
*Final standings are calculated by usual volleyball criteria: number of wins, point ratio (the total number of points won divided by the total number of points lost), set ratio, direct confrontation.
*Top three teams in overall standings, regardless of pools, qualify for the following Olympic Games.
*The tournament implements very tight line-up restrictions: only twelve players are allowed, and no replacement is permitted, even in the case of injuries.

Results

Men

Women

Footnotes

See also

* List of indoor volleyball World Champions

External links

* [http://www.fivb.ch Official Website of the FIVB]
* [http://www.worldcup2003.jp/ Official website of the 2003 World Cup]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Volleyball World Cup — Der Volleyball World Cup ist ein Wettbewerb für Nationalmannschaften der Herren und Damen. Das Turnier gilt als Qualifikation für die Olympischen Spiele. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Reglement 2 Geschichte 3 Statistik Herren 3.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volleyball World Cup der Damen 1973 — Der Volleyball World Cup 1973 war die erste Ausgabe des Wettbewerbs. Er fand zwischen dem 19. und dem 28. Oktober in Montevideo (Uruguay) statt. Die UdSSR gewann den Titel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Teilnehmer 2 Modus 3 Erste Runde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volleyball World Cup der Damen 1977 — Der Volleyball World Cup 1977 war die zweite Ausgabe des Wettbewerbs. Er fand zwischen dem 7. und dem 15. November in Japan statt. Die Gastgeberinnen Japan gewann den Titel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Teilnehmer 2 Modus 3 Erste Runde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volleyball World Cup der Damen 1981 — Der Volleyball World Cup 1981 war die dritte Ausgabe des Wettbewerbs. Er fand zwischen dem 6. und dem 16. November in Ōsaka (Japan) statt. China gewann den Titel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Teilnehmer 2 Modus 3 Finalrunde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volleyball World Cup der Damen 1985 — Der Volleyball World Cup 1985 war die vierte Ausgabe des Wettbewerbs. Er fand zwischen dem 10. und dem 20. November in Japan statt. China gewann den Titel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Teilnehmer 2 Modus 3 Finalrunde 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volleyball World Cup der Damen 1989 — Der Volleyball World Cup 1989 war die fünfte Ausgabe des Wettbewerbs. Er fand zwischen dem 7. und dem 14. November in Nagoya (Japan) statt. Kuba gewann den Titel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Teilnehmer 2 Modus 3 Finalrunde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volleyball World Cup der Damen 1991 — Der Volleyball World Cup 1991 war die sechste Ausgabe des Wettbewerbs. Er fand zwischen dem 8. und dem 17. November in Japan statt. Kuba gewann den Titel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Teilnehmer 2 Modus 3 Erste Runde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volleyball World Cup der Damen 1995 — Der Volleyball World Cup 1995 war die siebte Ausgabe des Wettbewerbs. Er fand zwischen dem 3. und dem 17. November in Japan statt. Kuba gewann den Titel. Dieser Wettbewerb galt gleichzeitig als Qualifikation für die Olympischen Spiele 1996.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volleyball World Cup der Damen 1999 — Der Volleyball World Cup 1999 war die achte Ausgabe des Wettbewerbs. Er fand zwischen dem 2. und dem 16. November in Japan statt. Kuba gewann den Titel. Dieser Wettbewerb galt gleichzeitig als Qualifikation für die Olympischen Spiele 2000.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Volleyball World Cup der Damen 2003 — Der Volleyball World Cup 2003 war die neunte Ausgabe des Wettbewerbs. Er fand zwischen dem 1. und dem 15. November in Japan statt. China gewann den Titel. Dieser Wettbewerb galt gleichzeitig als Qualifikation für die Olympischen Spiele 2004.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.