Khalistan Liberation Force

The Khalistan Liberation Force or KLF was a Sikh militant Jathebandi responsible for several bombings of civilian targets in India during the 1980s and 1990s, sometimes in conjunction with Kashmir separatists. [http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9605/22/india.bomb/index.html "Bus explosion in India kills at least 14"] , CNN, 22 May 1996] [http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9604/21/india.bomb/index.html "Fatal bomb meant to disrupt Kashmiri elections"] , CNN, 21 Apr 1996] [http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/terror_95/terasi.htm "1995 Patterns of Global Terrorism"] , U.S. State Department] Its aim, along with several other peaceful and militant Sikh groups, was the formation of a Sikh nation of Khalistan, encompassing the state of Punjab, and adjoining districts in Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan.

The KLF, along with the Babbar Khalsa, the Khalistan Commando Force and the Bhindranwala Tigers Force of Khalistan made up the four largest Sikh terrorist groups throughout the period of militancy in Punjab. India alleged that all these groups were funded by Pakistan's spy agency ISI, which Pakistan denies.

KLF were among the Sikh groups that took credit for the armed kidnapping of Romanian charge d'affaires in New Delhi, Liviu Radu, in 1991, in apparent retaliation for Romanian arrests of KLF members for the attempted assassination of Julio Ribeiro, 62, the Indian ambassador to Romania, in Bucharest. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,974111,00.html "World Notes India"] , Time magazine, 21 Oct 1991.] Radu was released unharmed after Sikh politicians criticized the action. [ [http://www.sikhsentinel.com/sikhsentinel0309/harpalsingh1.htm "Secret Injustice: The Harpal Singh Case"] , Sikh Sentinel, 17 Sep 2003.]

The separatist movement, which began in 1986, was largely crushed in the mid 1990s, [http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/publication/faultlines/volume5/Fault5-10psingh.htm "An Indian Assessment: Low Intensity Conflicts & High Intensity Crime"] , South Asia Terrorism Portal] though arrests still occur. [ [http://www.tribuneindia.com/2005/20050119/punjab1.htm#8 The Tribune, Chandigarh, India, "KLF militant alleges forcible confession"] 18 January 2005]

The KLF was founded by Aroor Singh and Sukhvinder Singh Babbar in 1986. Other KLF leaders included Avtar Singh Brahma (killed by Punjab police 21 May 1988), Gurjant Singh Budhsinghwala, Kuldip Singh Keepa Shekhupura, and Navneet Singh Khadian (killed 25 Feb 1994).

It is reported that former KLF operative Manjinder Singh Issi, who took part in the Radu kidnapping, became disillusioned with KLF when he realized that its Pakistani supporters were more interested in disruptive violence in Punjab than Sikh autonomy. [ [http://www.rediff.com/news/1999/mar/12punjab.htm "Pakistan sabotaged Khalistan movement: Manjinder Issi"] , Rediff, 12 Mar 1999.]

ee also

*History of the Punjab
*Operation Blue Star
*Terrorism in India
*Navneet Singh Khadian

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Khalistan Commando Force — Infobox militant organization name = Khalistan Commando Force leader = Paramjit Singh Panjwar foundation = 1984 area = Pakistan and India ideology = Khalistan allies = enemies = India status = The Khalistan Commando Force (KCF) is a militant… …   Wikipedia

  • Khalistan movement — The Khalistan movement is a movement in Indian Punjab to create The Land of the Pure as an independent Sikh state in all Punjabi speaking areas, which include Indian Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and some other Punjabi speaking parts of… …   Wikipedia

  • Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam — The official emblem of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam as designed by Rishi Suresh. Dates of operation May 5, 1976 – present Leader Velupillai Prabhakaran Motives The cr …   Wikipedia

  • Arunachal Dragon Force — The Arunachal Dragon Force (ADF), also known as the East India Liberation Front, is a violent secessionist movement in the eastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. The ADF seeks to create an independent state resembling the pre British Teola… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des mouvements autonomistes ou séparatistes — Cette liste énumère différentes organisations séparatistes ou sécessionnistes ou autonomistes. Sommaire 1 Afrique 2 Amérique 3 Asie de l Est 4 Asie centrale et du Sud …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lashkar-e-Taiba — لشکرطیبہ‎ Dates of operation 1990[1][2][3]–present Leader Hafiz Muhamma …   Wikipedia

  • Communist Party of India (Maoist) — Not to be confused with Communist Party of India or Communist Party of India (Marxist). For other uses, see Naxalism. Communist Party of India (Maoist) …   Wikipedia

  • Dashmesh Regiment — This article is about the militant group founded by Shabeg Singh and others. For the other militant group of the same name, see Khalistan Armed Force. Dashmesh Regiment Active region(s) India Ideology Khalistan Status Inctive …   Wikipedia

  • Naxalite — The word Naxal, Naxalite or Naksalvadi is a generic term used to refer to various militant Communist groups operating in different parts of India under different organizational envelopes. In the eastern states of the mainland India (Jharkhand,… …   Wikipedia

  • Movimientos independentistas a nivel mundial — Anexo:Movimientos independentistas a nivel mundial Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ésta es una lista actual de movimientos independentistas, autonomistas y secesionistas alrededor del mundo. Para la confección de esta lista, se circunscribió en el… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.