Scripps Institution of Oceanography


Mission statement

To seek, teach, and communicate scientific understanding of the oceans, atmosphere, Earth, and other planets for the benefit of society and the environment.

Research programs


Today, the Scripps staff of 1,300 includes approximately 100 faculty, 300 other scientists and some 225 graduate students, with an annual budget of more than $140 million. The institution operates a fleet of four oceanographic research vessels and the research platform R/P FLIP (Floating Instrument Platform) for oceanographic research and has served as manager of the Deep Sea Drilling Program.


Scripps Institution of Oceanography was founded in 1903 as the Marine Biological Association of San Diego, an independent biological research laboratory by University of California Zoology professor William Emerson Ritter, with support from Ellen Browning Scripps and later her brother E. W. Scripps. They fully funded Scripps for the first several years. Scripps began institutional life in the boathouse of the Hotel Coronado located on San Diego Bay. Thereafter it re-located in 1905 to La Jolla on the head above La Jolla Cove, and finally in 1907 to its present location.

In 1912 Scripps became part of the University of California and was renamed the "Scripps Institution for Biological Research". During the 1960s, led by Scripps Institution of Oceanography director Roger Revelle, it formed the nucleus for the creation of the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) on a bluff overlooking Scripps Institution.

The Old Scripps Building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1982.cite web|url=
title=Old Scripps Building |accessdate=2008-07-10|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service
] citation|title=PDFlink| [ National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Scripps, George H., Memorial Marine Biological Laboratory / Old Scripps Building] |32 KB|date=February 12, 1982 |author=James H. Charleton |publisher=National Park Service and PDFlink| [ "Accompanying 10 or so photos, exterior and interior, from 1977, 1980, and undated"] |32 KB]

Research vessels

s and platforms currently operated by Scripps Institution of Oceanography are:
* R/V Roger Revelle (AGOR-24)
* R/V Melville (AGOR-14)
* R/V New Horizon
* R/V Robert Gordon Sproul

Birch Aquarium at Scripps

The mission of the Birch Aquarium at Scripps is:
*to provide ocean science education
*to interpret Scripps research
*to promote ocean conservation

For more than a century, generations of families have discovered the ocean world through exhibits and educational programs of the aquarium-museum associated with Scripps Institution of Oceanography. From modest displays at the turn-of-the-century to magnificent habitats in the present, the role of the aquarium-museum in Scripps Oceanography's legacy is important. Today, more than 400,000 people visit Birch Aquarium at Scripps each year.

The Birch Aquarium has a number of exhibits and hands-on activities. These include:

*The Hall of Fishes with more than 60 tanks of Pacific fishes and invertebrates; the largest habitat is a 70,000-gallon kelp forest.
*Scripps Explorers Gallery, featuring cutting-edge discoveries of Scripps explorers in climate, earth, and ocean sciences through interactive exhibits
*Preuss Tidepool Plaza, overlooking the Pacific Ocean, with living tide pools for discovery
*Smargon Courtyard, also overlooking coastal bluffs, features a 13,000-gallon shark reef tank and Wonders of Water play stations. Seasonal events take place here during the year.

The aquarium's hilltop site provides a spectacular overview of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography campus and the Pacific Ocean.


In 2008 Scripps Institution of Oceanography was the subject of a category on the TV game show 'Jeopardy!' []

Notable faculty members

*Ralph Cicerone
*Robert W. Corell
*Paul J. Crutzen
*Paul K. Dayton
*Robert S. Dietz
*Carl Eckart
*Jim T. Enright
*Robert Garrels
*Joel Hedgpeth
*Sam Hinton
*Carl Hubbs
*Martin W. Johnson
*Charles David Keeling
*Edwin P. Martz
*Mario J. Molina
*Walter Munk
*Jerome Namias
*William Nierenberg
*Veerabhadran Ramanathan
*Roger Revelle
*William Emerson Ritter
*Francis Parker Shepard
*Fred Spiess
*Harald Sverdrup
*Warren White

Notable alumni

*Tanya Atwater
*Stephen E. Calvert
*Jack Corliss
*Susan Hough
*Marcia McNutt
*Colm Ó hEocha
*George Perry
*Brinke Stevens

See also

* Library of Congress Digital Library project
* National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program
* The Scripps Research Institute, a neighboring, but completely independent medical research institute.
* Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, a similar research facility on the east coast of the USA.
*Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, another oceanographic education and research facility located at Rutgers University in New Jersey.


Further reading

* [ Scripps Institution of Oceanography centennial website]
* [ Scripps Institution of Oceanography; First Fifty Years] Helen Raitt and Beatrice Moulton. Los Angeles : W. Ritchie Press, 1967.
* [ Scripps Institution of Oceanography : Probing the Oceans, 1936 to 1976] Elizabeth Noble Shor. San Diego, Calif. : Tofua Press, 1978.
*The Keeling Curve Turns 50

External links

* [ Scripps Institution of Oceanography]
* [ Scripps Pier View in HD]
* [ "explorations" E-Magazine]
* [ Scripps News]
* [ Support Scripps]

* [ Scripps Education Department]
* [ Birch Aquarium at Scripps]
* [ "How Scripps Institution Came To San Diego", "The Journal of San Diego History" 27:3 (Summer 1981) by Elizabeth N. Shor]

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  • Scripps institution of oceanography — (SIO) ou Scripps est un centre de recherche scientifique maritime. Situé à La Jolla en Californie, il s agit de l un des plus anciens, des plus grands et des plus importants centres de recherche de son type au monde. Les 1 300 membres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scripps Institution of Oceanography — Die Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, San Diego, Kalifornien, ist eines der ältesten, größten und bedeutendsten Forschungszentren für Meeresforschung der Welt. Es wurde 1903 von William Emerson Ritter gegründet. Direktoren des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scripps Institution of Oceanography — 32° 51′ 56″ N 117° 15′ 13″ W / 32.86543, 117.25362 Scripp …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scripps Institute of Oceanography — Scripps Institution of Oceanography Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) ou Scripps est un centre de recherche scientifique maritime. Situé à La Jolla en Californie, il s agit de l un des plus anciens, des plus grands et des plus importants… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scripps — can refer to:People*Edward W. Scripps, a United States publisher and media financier *Ellen Browning Scripps, La Jolla, California philanthropist *Samuel H. Scripps, a philanthropist in theater and dance *John Martin Scripps, a British serial… …   Wikipedia

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  • Scripps, Edward Willis — born June 18, 1854, near Rushville, Ill., U.S. died March 12, 1926, at sea off Monrovia, Liberia U.S. newspaper publisher. He was first employed by his half brother, James Edmund Scripps (1835–1906), on newspapers in Detroit. He began publishing… …   Universalium

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  • Scripps, Ellen Browning — ▪ American publisher and philanthropist born Oct. 18, 1836, London, Eng. died Aug. 3, 1932, La Jolla, Calif., U.S.       English born American journalist, publisher, and philanthropist whose personal fortune, accrued from investments in her… …   Universalium

  • Scripps Research Institute — Das Scripps Research Institute ist eine medizinische Forschungseinrichtung mit Schwerpunkt der Biomedizin. Das Institut mit Hauptsitz in La Jolla, Kalifornien, beherbergt ca. 3000 Wissenschaftler, Techniker, Doktoranden und Verwaltungsangestellte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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