Jane Wilde

Jane Francesca Agnes, Lady Wilde (27 December 1821 – 3 February 1896) [Howes, Marjorie. "Lady Wilde and the Emergence of Irish Cultural Nationalism." Ideology and Ireland in the Nineteenth Century. Ed. Foley and Ryder. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1998] (born Jane Francesca Elgee in Dublin) was an Irish poet and supporter of the nationalist movement; she married Sir William Wilde on 12 November, 1851, and they had three children: William 'Willie' Charles Kingsbury Wilde (b. 1852), Oscar Wilde (1854 – 1900), and Isola Francesca Emily Wilde (1857 – 1867).

Biography

Activist

Jane was the last of the four children of Charles Elgee (1783 – 1824), an attorney, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1851). Lady Wilde, who was the niece of Charles Maturin, wrote for the Young Ireland movement of the 1840s, publishing poems in "The Nation" under the pseudonym of "Speranza". Her works included pro-Irish independence and anti-British writing; she was sometimes known as “Speranza of the Nation”. Charles Gavan Duffy was the editor when "Speranza" wrote commentary calling for armed revolution in Ireland. The British authorities at Dublin Castle shut down the paper and brought the editor to court. Duffy refused to name who had written the offending article. "Speranza" reputedly stood up in court and claimed responsibility for the article. The confession was ignored by the State authorities. But in any event the newspaper was permanently shut down by the British authorities. [Joy Melville, ‘Wilde , Jane Francesca Agnes, Lady Wilde (1821–1896)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004]

She was an early advocate of women's rights, and campaigned for better education for women. She invited the suffragist Millicent Fawcett to her home to speak on female liberty. She praised the passing of the Married Women's Property Act of 1883, preventing women from having to enter marriage 'as a bond slave, disenfranchised of all rights over her fortune’ [Lady Wilde, ‘A new era in English and Irish social life', Gentlewoman, January 1883] .

candals and death

William Wilde was knighted in January 1864, but the family celebrations were short-lived, for in the same year Sir William and Lady Wilde were at the centre of a sensational Dublin court case regarding a young woman called Mary Travers, the daughter of a colleague of Sir William's, who claimed that he had seduced her and who then brought an action against Lady Wilde for libel. Mary Travers won the case and costs of £2,000 were awarded against Lady Wilde. Then, in 1867, their daughter, Isola, died of fever at the age of nine. In 1871 the two illegitimate daughters of Sir William were burnt to death and in 1876 Sir William himself died. The family discovered that he was virtually bankrupt. [Terence de Vere White, The Parents of Oscar Wilde London: Hodder & Stoughton (1967)]

Lady Jane left Dublin for London in 1879, where she joined her two sons, 'Willie', a journalist, and Oscar, who was making a name for himself in literary circles. She lived with her elder son in poverty, supplementing their meagre income by writing for fashionable magazines and books based on the researches of her late husband into Irish folklore. Lady Wilde contracted bronchitis in January 1896 and, dying, asked for permission to see Oscar, who was in prison. Her request was refused. She died at her home, 146 Oakley Street, Chelsea, on 3 February, 1896. 'Willie' Wilde, her eldest son, was penniless, and Oscar paid for her funeral, which was held on 5 February at Kensal Green Cemetery in London. A headstone proved too expensive and she was buried anonymously in common ground. [http://www.tandem-uk.com/exile.htm]

Lady Jane Wilde was the grandmother of Cyril and Vyvyan Holland, the sons of Oscar Wilde, and of Dorothy Wilde, the daughter of 'Willie.

References

External links

* [http://www.photoaspects.com/lilip/wilde.shtml Words of Women: Lady Jane Wilde]
* [http://www.pgil-eirdata.org/html/pgil_datasets/authors/w/Wilde,JF/life.htm Jane Wilde at the Princess Grace Irish Library]
* [http://www.libraryireland.com/AncientLegendsSuperstitions/Contents.php/ Ancient Legends, Mystic Charms, and Superstitions of Ireland] by Lady Wilde


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  • Jane Wilde — Jane Francesca Elgee, geborene Jane Frances Agnes Elgee, verheiratete Jane Francesca Lady Wilde (* vermutlich 27. Dezember 1821 in Wexford, Irland; † 3. Februar 1896 in London), war eine irische Schriftstellerin und die Mutter von Oscar Wilde.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jane Wilde — (née Jane Francesca Elgee à Dublin le 27 décembre 1821 et décédée à Londres le 3 février 1896) était une poétesse irlandaise sous le nom de plume de Speranza, une militante de la cause nationale irlandaise et la mère d Oscar… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jane Wilde — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jane Frances Agnes Elgee — Jane Francesca Elgee, geborene Jane Frances Agnes Elgee, verheiratete Jane Francesca Lady Wilde (* vermutlich 27. Dezember 1821 in Wexford, Irland; † 3. Februar 1896 in London), war eine irische Schriftstellerin und die Mutter von Oscar Wilde.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jane Francesca Lady Wilde — Jane Francesca Elgee, geborene Jane Frances Agnes Elgee, verheiratete Jane Francesca Lady Wilde (* vermutlich 27. Dezember 1821 in Wexford, Irland; † 3. Februar 1896 in London), war eine irische Schriftstellerin und die Mutter von Oscar Wilde.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jane Francesca Elgee — Jane Francesca Elgee, geborene Jane Frances Agnes Elgee, verheiratete Jane Francesca Lady Wilde (* vermutlich 27. Dezember 1821 in Wexford, Irland; † 3. Februar 1896 in London), war eine irische Schriftstellerin und die Mutter von Oscar Wilde.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jane (Vorname) — Jane ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Varianten Die maorische Variante zu Jane ist Heeni.[1] Herkunft und Bedeutung Jane ist eine englische Form von Johanna und hat daher dieselbe Bedeutung. Bekannte Namensträgerinnen Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Wilde —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Le patronyme anglo saxon Wilde provient du mot anglais wild, qui correspond au mot français sauvage. voir aussi les variantes Wild et De… …   Wikipédia en Français


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