16th century in literature

"See also:" 15th century in literature, other events of the 16th century, 17th century in literature, list of years in literature.

Events

1539:*Marie Dentière writes an open letter to Marguerite of Navarre, sister of the King of France; the "Epistre tres utile", or "very useful letter", calls for an expulsion of Catholic clergy from France.
1565:*Torquato Tasso enters the service of Cardinal Luigi d'Este at Ferrara.
1567:*October 14 - António Ferreira becomes "Desembargador da Casa do Civel" and leaves Coimbra for Lisbon.
1571:*Michel de Montaigne retires from public life and isolates himself in the tower of the Château de Montaigne.
1572:*English law eliminates actors' companies lacking formal patronage, by labelling them "vagabonds".
1575:*Sir Philip Sidney meets Penelope Devereaux, the inspiration for his "Astrophel and Stella".
1576:*James Burbage builds The Theatre, the first permanent public playhouse in London, to open the great age of Elizabethan drama.
1590:*A troupe of boy actors, the Children of Paul's, are suppressed because of their playwright John Lyly's role in the Marprelate controversy.
1597:*Ben Jonson is briefly jailed in Marshalsea Prison, after the suppression of his play, "The Isle of Dogs".
1598:*September 22 - Ben Jonson kills actor Gabriel Spenser in a duel; he is convicted of manslaughter and imprisoned in Newgate Prison.

New books

1501:*"The Book of Margery Kempe" (posthumous)
1503:*William Dunbar - "The Thrissill and the Rois"
1505:*Georges Chastellain - "Récollections des merveilles advenues en mon temps" (posthumous):*Stephen Hawes
**"The Passtyme of Pleasure"
**"The Temple of Glass"
1508:*William Dunbar - "The Goldyn Targe"
1509:*Erasmus - "In Praise of Folly"
1512:*Henry Medwall - "Fulgens and Lucrece" :*Huldrych Zwingli - "De Gestis inter Gallos et Helvetios relatio"
1513:*First translation of Virgil's "Aeneid" into English language (Scots dialect) by Gavin Douglas
1514-15:*Gian Giorgio Trissino - "Sofonisba"
1515:*Robert Fabyan - "The New Chronicles of England and France"
1516:*Thomas More - "Utopia"
1517:*Francysk Skaryna's Bible translation and printing:*Teofilo Folengo's "Baldo", a popular Italian work of comedy.
1524:*Philippe de Commines - "Mémoires (Part 1: Books 1-6)"; first publication (Paris)
1526:*William Tyndale's New Testament translation
1527:*Hector Boece - "Historia Scotorum" :*Philippe de Commines - "Mémoires (Part 2: Books 7-8)"; first publication
1528:*Baltissare Castiglione - "The Book of the Courtier"
1531:*Michael Servetus - "De trinitatis erroribus ("On the Errors of the Trinity")"
1532:*Niccolò Machiavelli - "The Prince":*François Rabelais - "Pantagruel"
1534:*Martin Luther's Bible translation:*François Rabelais - "Gargantua":*Polydore Vergil - "Historia Anglica"
1535:*John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners - "Huon of Bordeaux"
1536:*Jean Calvin - "Institutes of the Christian Religion" (in Latin)
1538:*Hélisenne de Crenne - "Les Angoisses douloureuses qui procèdent d'amours"
1539:*Sir Thomas Elyot - "The Castel of Helth"
1540:*"Historia Scotorum" of Hector Boece, translated into vernacular Scots by John Bellenden at the special request of James V of Scotland
1541:*George Buchanan
**"Baptistes"
**"Jephtha"
1542:*Paul Fagius - "Liber Fidei seu Veritatis":*Edward Hall - "The Union of the Two Noble and Illustrate Famelies of Lancastre & Yorke"
1543:*Andreas Vesalius - "De humani corporis fabrica libri septem" "(On the Fabric of the Human body in Seven Books)" :*Nicolaus Copernicus - "De revolutionibus orbium coelestium" "(On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres)"
1545:*Roger Ascham - "Toxophilus" :*Bernard Etxepare - "Linguae Vasconum Primitiae"
1546:*François Rabelais - "Le tiers livre"
1547:*Martynas Mažvydas - "The Simple Words of Catechism" (first printed book in Lithuanian language)
1549:*Johannes Aal - "Johannes der Täufer (St. John Baptist)"
1550:*Martin Bucer - "De regno Christi"
1552:*François Rabelais - "Le quart livre":*Gerónimo de Santa Fe - "Hebræomastix" (posthumous):*"Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis (Little Book of the Medicinal Herbs of the Indians)", composed in Nahuatl by Martín de la Cruz and translated into Latin by Juan Badiano.
1553:*Francesco Patrizi - "La Città felice" ("The Happy City")
1554:*anon - Lazarillo de Tormes
1559:*The Elizabethan version of the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England, which remained in use until the mid-17th century and was the first English Prayer Book in America.:*Jorge de Montemayor - "Diana"
1560:*Jacques Grévin - "Jules César":*William Whittingham, Anthony Gilby, Thomas Sampson - "Geneva Bible"
1562:*William Bullein - "Bullein's Bulwarke of Defence againste all Sicknes, Sornes, and Woundes"
1563:*John Foxe - "Foxe's Book of Martyrs"
1564:*John Dee - "Monas Hieroglyphica"
1565:*Camillo Porzio - "La Congiura dei baroni"
1567:*Joan Perez de Lazarraga - "Silbero, Silbia, Doristeo, and Sirena" (MS in Basque language)
1569:*Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga - "La Araucana", part 1
1571:*François de Belleforest - "La Pyrénée" (or "La Pastorale amoureuse") (the first French "pastoral novel")
1572:*Friedrich Risner - "Opticae thesaurus"
1576:*Jean Boudin - "Six livres de la République" :*George Pettie - "A Petite Palace of Pettie His Pleasure" :*"The Paradise of Dainty Devices", the most popular of the Elizabethan verse miscellanies
1577:*Richard Eden - "The History of Travayle in the West and East Indies" :*Thomas Hill - "The Gardener's Labyrinth":*Raphael Holinshed - "The Chronicles of England, Scotland and Irelande"
1578:*George Best - "A True Discourse of the Late Voyages of Discoverie…under the Conduct of Martin Frobisher" :*John Florio - "First Fruits" :*Jaroš Griemiller - "Rosarium philosophorum":*Gabriel Harvey - "Smithus, vel Musarum lachrymae" :*John Lyly - "Euphues: the Anatomy of Wit"
1579:*Stephen Gosson - "The Schoole of Abuse":*Thomas Lodge - "Honest Excuses"
1582:*George Buchanan - "Rerum Scoticarum Historia" :*Richard Hakluyt - Divers Voyages"
1583:*Philip Stubbes - "The Anatomy of Abuses"
1584:*Reginald Scot - "The Discovery of Witchcraft"
1585:*Miguel de Cervantes - "La Galatea"
1586:*John Knox - "Historie of the Reformatioun of Religioun within the Realms of Scotland" :*John Lyly - "Pappe with an hatchet, alias a figge for my Godsonne" :*George Puttenham (attr.) - "The Arte of English Poesie" :*Luis Barahona de Soto - "Primera parte de la Angélica"
1588:*Thomas Hariot - "A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia" :*Thomas Nashe - "The Anatomie of Absurditie"
1590:*Thomas Lodge - "Rosalynde" :*Thomas Nashe - "An Almond for a Parrat"
1592:*Robert Greene - "Greene's Groatsworth of Wit" :*Gabriel Harvey - "Foure Letters and certaine Sonnets" :*Richard Johnson - "Nine Worthies of London"
1594:*Sir John Davys - "The Seamans Secrets":*Richard Hooker - "Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie"
1595:*Sir Philip Sidney (posthumous) - "Defense of Poesy", a.k.a. "An Apologie for Poetrie"
1596:*Sir Walter Raleigh - "The Discoverie of the Large, Rich and Beautiful Empyre of Guiana"
1598:*John Bodenham - "Politeuphuia (Wits' Commonwealth)":*King James VI of Scotland - "The Trew Law of Free Monarchies" :*Francis Meres - "Palladis Tamia, Wits Treasury" :*John Stow - "Survey of London"
1599:*John Bodenham - "Wits' Theater"

New drama

1536:*Hans Ackermann - "Der Verlorene Sohn"
1541:*Giovanni Battista Giraldi - "Orbecche"

1551:*Marin Držić - "Dundo Maroje"

1553:*(about 1553) – "Gammer Gurton's Needle" and "Ralph Roister Doister", the first comedies written in the English language:*António Ferreira - "Bristo"

1562:*Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville - "Gorboduc" :*"Jack Juggler" - anonymous, sometimes attributed to Nicholas Udall

1566:*George Gascoigne - "Supposes"

1567:*John Pickering - "Horestes"

1568:*Ulpian Fulwell - "Like Will to Like"

1573:*Torquato Tasso - "Aminta"

1582:*Giovanni Battista Guarini - "Il pastor fido"

1584:*John Lyly:**"Campaspe" :**"Sapho and Phao" :*George Peele - "The Arraignment of Paris" :*Robert Wilson - "The Three Ladies of London" (published)

1588:*George Peele - "The Battle of Alcazar" (performed)

1589:*"The Rare Triumphs of Love and Fortune" - anonymous (published)

1590:*Christopher Marlowe - "Tamburlaine" (both parts published):*George Peele - "Famous Chronicle of King Edward the First" :*Robert Wilson - "The Three Lords and Three Ladies of London" (published)

1591:*John Lyly - "Endymion" (published):*"The Troublesome Reign of King John" - Anonymous (published)

1592:*Thomas Kyd - "The Spanish Tragedy" (published):*William Shakespeare - "Henry VI, Part 1", "Part 2", "Part 3" :*"Arden of Faversham" - anonymous (previously attributed to Shakespeare)

1594:*Samuel Daniel - "Cleopatra" :*Robert Greene:**"Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay" (published):**"Orlando Furioso" (published):*Thomas Lodge & Robert Greene - "A Looking Glass for London" (published):*Lope de Vega - "El maestro de danzar" - ("The Dancing Master") :*George Peele - "The Battle of Alcazar" (published):*William Shakespeare - "Romeo and Juliet" :*Robert Wilson - "The Cobbler's Prophecy" (published)

1595:*"Locrine" - Anonymous (published)

1597:*"The Isle of Dogs" - Thomas Nashe & Ben Jonson:*"Richard II" - William Shakespeare (published)

1598:*Robert Greene - "The Scottish Historie of James the Fourth" (published):*Ben Jonson - "Every Man in His Humour"

1599:*Thomas Dekker - "The Shoemaker's Holiday" :*Thomas Dekker, Henry Chettle, and William Haughton - "Patient Grissel" :*Ben Jonson - "Every Man Out of His Humour" :*William Shakespeare - "Henry V"

New poetry

1514 :*"The Aeneid" -Francesco Maria Molzo's translation into Italian, in consecutive unrhymed verse (forerunner of Blank verse)

1550:*Sir Thomas Wyatt - "Pentential Psalms"

1557:*Giovanni Battista Giraldi - "Ercole":*"Tottel's Miscellany"

1562:*"The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet" - Arthur Brooke

1563:*Barnaby Googe - "Eclogues, Epitaphs, and Sonnets"

1567:*George Turberville - "Epitaphs, Epigrams, Songs and Sonnets"

1573:*George Gascoigne - "A Hundred Sundry Flowers"

1575:*Nicholas Breton - "A Small Handful of Fragrant Flowers":*George Gascoigne - "The Posies"

1576:*"The Paradise of Dainty Devices", the most popular of the Elizabethan verse miscellanies

1577:*Nicholas Breton - "The Works of a Young Wit" and "A Flourish upon Fancy"

1579:*Edmund Spenser - "The Shepherd's Calendar"

1582:*Thomas Watson - "Hekatompathia or Passionate Century of Love"

1590:*Sir Philip Sidney - "Arcadia" :*Edmund Spenser - "The Faerie Queene", Books 1-3

1591:*Sir Philip Sidney - "Astrophel and Stella" (published posthumously)

1592:*Henry Constable - "Diana" :*Michael Drayton - "The Shepherd's Garland"

1593:*Michael Drayton - "Peirs Gaveston" :*Giles Fletcher, the Elder - "Licia"

1595:*Thomas Campion - *"Poemata"

1596:*Sir John Davies - "Orchestra, or a Poeme of Dauncing" :*Michael Drayton - "The Civell Warres of Edward the Second and the Barrons" :*Edmund Spenser - "The Faerie Queene", Books 1-6

1597:*Michael Drayton - "Englands Heroicall Epistles"

1598:*Lope de Vega::*"La Arcadia"::*"La Dragontea"

1599:*Sir John Davies::*"Hymnes of Astraea"::*"Nosce Teipsum":*George Peele - "The Love of King David and Faire Bethsabe"

Births

* 1503 - Thomas Wyatt
* 1510 - Martynas Mažvydas
* 1511 - Johannes Secundus (d. 1535)
* 1515 - Roger Ascham
* 1517 - Henry Howard
* 1524 - Luís de Camões (d. 1580)
* 1547 - Miguel de Cervantes (d. 1616)
* 1551 - William Camden
* 1554 - Philip Sidney
* 1555 - Lancelot Andrewes
* 1558 - Robert Greene
* 1558 - Thomas Kyd
* 1561 - Luís de Góngora y Argote, Spanish poet (d. 1627)
* 1562 - Lope de Vega, Spanish poet and dramatist (d. 1635)
* 1564 - Henry Chettle, English dramatist (d. 1607)
* 1564 - Christopher Marlowe, English poet and dramatist (d. 1593)
* 1564 - William Shakespeare, English poet and dramatist (d. 1616)
* 1570 - Robert Aytoun
* 1572 - Ben Jonson
* 1576 - John Marston
* 1577 - Robert Burton
* 1581 - Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft
* 1583 - Philip Massinger
* 1587 - Joost van den Vondel
* 1594 - James Howell

Deaths

* 1502 - Henry Medwall
* 1513 - Robert Fabyan
* 1535 - Johannes Secundus (b. 1511)
* 1552 - Alexander Barclay
* 1553 - Hanibal Lucić, Croatian poet and playwright (born c. 1485)
* 1553 - Francois Rabelais
* 1563 - John Bale
* 1563 - Martynas Mažvydas
* 1566 - Marco Girolamo Vida, Italian poet (b. 1485?)
* 1568 - Roger Ascham
* 1577 - George Gascoigne
* 1592 - Robert Greene
* 1593 - Christopher Marlowe
* 1594 - Thomas Kyd
* 1595 - Luis Barahona de Soto


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 16th century — Sculpture title = David artist = Michelangelo year = 1515 type = Carrara Marble city = Florence museum = Galleria dell AccademiaInfobox Painting| image size=230px title=Mona Lisa other language 1=Italian other title 1=La Gioconda other language 2 …   Wikipedia

  • 16th century in Wales — This article is about the particular significance of the century 1500 1599 to Wales and its people. Princes of Wales*Arthur Tudor (to April 2, 1502) *Prince Henry (later Henry VIII) (1504 1509)Princesses of Wales*Catherine of Aragon (November 14 …   Wikipedia

  • 20th century in literature — History of modern literature The early modern period 16th century in literature | 17th century in literature European literature in the 18th century 1700s | 1710s | 1720s | 1730s | 1740s | 1750s | 1760s | 1770s | 1780s | 1790s | …   Wikipedia

  • 17th century in literature — See also: 16th century in literature *Early Modern literature *other events of the 17th century *18th century in literature, 1700 in literature,and list of years in literature.Events and trends* 1660 1669 Samuel Pepys writes his diary. * 1667… …   Wikipedia

  • 15th century in literature — See also: 14th century in literature, other events of the 15th century, 16th century in literature, list of years in literature. TOC Events* 1456 Johann Gutenberg prints the Vulgate Bible * 1478 The Ranworth Antiphoner is presented to St Helen s… …   Wikipedia

  • LITERATURE, JEWISH — Literature on Jewish themes and in languages regarded as Jewish has been written continuously for the past 3,000 years. What the term Jewish literature encompasses, however, demands definition, since Jews have lived in so many countries and have… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Literature in the Hoysala Empire — The Hoysala Empire (1025 ndash;1343), in what is now southern India, produced a large body of literature in the Kannada and Sanskrit languages.Kamath (2001), p. 132] The empire was established by Nripa Kama II, came into political prominence… …   Wikipedia

  • Literature —    Although no records exist of pre Islamic Kurdish literature and much undoubtedly has been lost because of the ceaseless conflicts that have ravished Kurdistan, it is possible to mention a few important works and authors. In the first place,… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Literature of Romania — Romanian literature is literature written by Romanian authors, although the term may also be used to refer to all literature written in the Romanian language.HistoryBeginningsThe earliest surviving document in Romanian is Neacşu s Letter written… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.