- Transportation in the Philippines
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Rail transport in the Philippines
Most are on
Luzon, operated by the Philippine National Railways. The main line is from Manilasouth to the Bicol Region. The railways' narrow gauge (1067 mm), 492 km (an additional 405 km are not in operation) (2001)
Elevated Mass Railway Systems (Greater Manila Area)
* Light Rail Transit (LRT-1/Metrorail/Yellow Line), from Monumento,
Caloocan Cityto Baclaran, Parañaque City.
* Light Rail Transit (LRT-2/Megatren/Purple Line), from Santolan,
Marikina Cityto Avenida, Manila.
* Metro Rail Transit (MRT-3/Metrostar/Blue Line), from North Avenue,
Quezon Cityto Taft Avenue, Pasay City.
*Total: 199,950 km
*Paved: 39,590 km
*Unpaved: 160,360 km (1998 est.)
Pan-Philippine Highway(Maharlika Highway)
North Luzon Expressway(NLEx), from Balintawak, Quezon Cityin Metro Manilato Santa Ines, Pampanga.
South Luzon Expressway(SLEx), from the City of Manilato Calamba Cityin Laguna.
Metro Manila Skyway, an elevated tollway that complements with the South Luzon Expressway and runs from Sen. Gil Puyat Ave. (Buendia) in Makati Cityto Bicutan, Parañaque City. It will extend from Bicutan to Filinvest and further into North Luzon Expressway also.
Manila-Cavite Expressway(Manila Coastal Road), from Parañaque City in Metro Manila to Bacoor, Cavite
* Manila North Road (MacArthur Highway), from
Caloocan Cityto San Fernando City, La Union
Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway(SCTEx), connecting the former U.S. Military Bases and now strategic economic hubs of the Subic Bay Freeport Zonein Zambalesand the Clark Special Economic Zonein Pampanga, and the Central Luzonprovince of Tarlac
Southern Tagalog Arterial Road(STAR Tollway), from the town of Santo Tomas to the Batangas International Port in Batangas City, all of which located in the province of Batangas
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue(EDSA), from SM Mall of Asiain Pasay Cityto Monumento, Caloocan City
* C-5 Road, faster alternate road for motorists from
Quezon Cityto Makati Cityto avoid heavy traffic in EDSA
* Aguinaldo Highway, the longest highway connecting from Manila Coastal Road
Bacoor, Caviteto Tagaytay.
* Petroleum products: 357 km
Public Utility Vehicles
Jeepney- Filipino made Vehicle
*Dagupan Bus Lines
*Erjohn & Almark
*J.S. Vergara Lines (now taken over by Jasper Jean)
*Alfonso Liner (before it was Crow Bus Inc.)
Ports and Harbors
The main gateway to the
Philippinesthrough the sea is through the Manila International Cargo Terminal and the Eva Macapagal Port Terminal, both in the pier area of Manila. Other cities with bustling ports and piers include Bacolod, Batangas City, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Butuan, Iligan, Iloilo, Jolo, Legazpi, Lucena, Puerto Princesa, San Fernando, Subic, Zamboanga, Cotabato, Allen, Ormoc, Ozamizand Tagbilaran. Most of these terminals comprise the Strong Republic Nautical Highwaya nautical system conceptualized under the term of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyowhere land vehicles can use the 24-hour "Roll-on Roll-off (Ro-Ro)" ship service to traverse the different islands of the country at minimal costs.
* Total: 480 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,973,024 GRT/DWT|9,025,087|metric|first=yes
Ships by type
* Bulk 159, cargo 122, chemical tanker 5, combination bulk 9, container 7, liquified gas 13, livestock carrier 9, passenger 4, passenger/cargo 12, petroleum tanker 47, refrigerated cargo 20, roll-on/roll-off 19, short-sea passenger 32, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 20 (1999 est.)
flag of convenienceregistry: Japan owns 19 ships, Hong Kong 5, Cyprus 1, Denmark 1, Greece 1, Netherlands 1, Singapore 1, and UK 1 (1998 est.)
* 3,219 km; limited to shallow-draft (less than 1.5 m) vessels.
Pasig River Ferry Service( Manila- Marikina City)
Quantity: 266 (1999 est.)
* with paved runways: 76
** over 3,047 m: 4
** 2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
** 1,524 to 2,437 m: 26
** 914 to 1,523 m: 31
** under 914 m: 10 (1999 est.)
*with unpaved runways: 190
** 1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
** 914 to 1,523 m: 66
** under 914 m: 121 (1999 est.)
* International Gateways
Ninoy Aquino International Airport( Manila)
Mactan-Cebu International Airport( Cebu City)
Francisco Bangoy International Airport( Davao City)
Diosdado Macapagal International Airport(Clark Special Economic Zone, Pampanga)
Subic Bay International Airport(Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Zambales)
Laoag International Airport( Laoag, Ilocos Norte)
General Santos International Airport( General Santos City)
Zamboanga International Airport( Zamboanga City)Iloilo International Airport (Santa Barbara-Cabatuan, Iloilo)Heliports
* Quantity: 1 (1999 est.)
Pacific Pearl Airways
Philippine Airlines(national flag carrier)
South East Asian Airlines
Spirit of Manila
During this period, there were 50,000
automobiles in the region. The carabaowas used as a primary transportation source. The country's first public mass-vehicular transportation service was De Dios Transit Bus Corp., providing public mass transportation in major roads of Manila after the Second World War
There were 1,400 km of narrow-gauge track, owned by either the
Maniacutela Railway Company(based in Luzon) or the Philippine Railway Company (an American company based in Panayand Cebu). 1,130 km of these tracks were on Luzon, with about 50% of this amount located in the central plain. In addition, there were some 400 km of privately owned track in the central plain of Luzon. All of this, with the exception of a stretch above Manila, was single-track.
There were 22,960 km of highway in the Philippine
archipelago. More than half of these roads were in central and southern Luzon and three major highways of this island were, and probably still are, Routes 1, 3, and 5. These routes were two-lane roads with concreteor asphaltsurfacing. Each of these 3 roads enters the capital, Manila, and their access roads linked the various parts of the island.
* [http://www.gov.ph/ Republic of the Philippines]
* [http://www.op.gov.ph/ Office of the President of the Philippines]
* [http://www.dotc.gov.ph/ Department of Transportation and Communications]
* [http://www.dpwh.gov.ph/ Department of Public Works and Highways]
* [http://www.mmda.gov.ph/ Metropolitan Manila Development Authority]
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