C. K. Janu
references = September 2008
cleanup = September 2008
copyedit = September 2008
disputed = September 2008
external links = September 2008
notable = September 2008
POV = September 2008
refimprove = September 2008
tone = December 2007
wikify = September 2008
C. K. Janu is the leader of the
AdivasiGothra Maha Sabha, a social movement that has been pushing for land to be redistributed to landless adivasis and that grew out of the Dalit-Adivasi Action Council. Janu's background is Adiya, one of the adivasi groups in Kerala who used to be indentured laborers (adiya actually means slave) and whose people are still mostly landless agricultural laborers. Janu had no formal education but learned to read and write through a literacy campaign that was conducted in Wayanad, the area in the north of Kerala, near the border with Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, where Janu comes from. Her biography is quite typical of Adiya people: she used to be landless (until she organized a long drawn-out struggle to occupy land with her community and finally got a piece of land) and used to work as an agricultural laborer. Actually, as she never gained much money with her political career--or even lost money on having to pay for her political activities--she still often does this kind of work to get by.
Janu was with the Communist Party for a while in her youth and gained some experience in politics there--but also soon learned that the CPI(M) was not actually interested in the landless poor very much any more (adivasis--a legal category under which many very different groups of people fall--are in total only 1.5% of the population in Kerala). She therefore left the party in 1982. She was an active social worker at the beginning of the 90s and was even, in November 1994, awarded a State award for her efforts in this field. She however returned the award as a critique of the government's lack of responsiveness to the demands of landless adivasis.
In 2001 C K Janu became a prominent person in Kerala as she led a protest march through the state and held a long sit-in strike in front of the Secretariat in Thiruvanathapuram to demand land for landless adivasis. In 2003 she also led the occupation of land at Muthanga. The occupation ended with massive police violence in which a policeman and an adivasi were killed. It came to be known as "the Muthanga incident". Since then the movement has been in the news less and has concentrated on occupying land at Aralam farm, a huge cooperative farm that the government had promised to distribute amongst landless adivasis.
It is quite notable that C K Janu as a woman managed to gain such an important role in politics in the state of Kerala--without her being the wife of an important politician or even having the support of a political party. Indeed, apart from K R Gouriamma (a communist leader, even become minister, coming from a lower-caste--Izhava--background) and Ajitha (a famous Naxalite leader and now organiser of a feminist NGO), there are not many women in Kerala who make it to such political prominence.
Janu has sometimes been described moreover as the first 'organic' leader of adivasis in Kerala: she does not hold strongly to abstract political dogmas but works more from the concrete experiences of adiya life. She cooperated for some time with national and international indigenous people's organizations but was always very wary of being funded by any organization. Most of the activities of the Adivasi Gothra Maha Sabha are funded entirely through the solidarity of poor adivasis and dalits.
*cite book |author= |title=Mother Forest: The Unfinished Story of C.K. Janu |publisher=Kali for Women |location=London |year=2004 |pages= |isbn=81-88965-01-4 |others= translated by N. Ravi Shankar| oclc= |doi= |accessdate=
*Darley Kjosavik. Articulating identities in the struggle for land (http://www.mpl.ird.fr/colloque_foncier/Communications/PDF/Kjosavik.pdf)
*C R Bijoy, Ravi Raman. 2002. Muthanga: The Real Story. Economic and Political Weekly. (http://www.epw.org.in/epw/uploads/articles/2819.pdf).
*Brigitte Schulz. 2002. "I am that woman!" (http://www.montrealserai.com/2004_Volume_17/17_3/Article_5.htm)
*C.K Janu and M. Geethanandan. 2003. "The return to Muthanga." People's Union for Civil Liberties.(http://www.pucl.org/Topics/Dalit-tribal/2003/muthanga.htm)
*Mukundan C Menon. "C K Janu: Experience is my guide". Changemakers.(http://www.infochangeindia.org/changemakers9.jsp)
*Subhash Gatade. "Interview with C K Janu: 'No land even for burial...'" [http://www.sacw.net/Nation/gatade18032005.html)
*Luisa Steur. 2006. "The Adivasi Gothra Maha Sabha in Kerala: Resistance and the Reproduction of Political Hegemonies" IDPAD Newsletter.(http://www.idpad.org/docs/Vol.%20IV%20No%201%20-%202006.pdf).
*R. Krishnakumar. 2001. "For land and livelihoods". Frontline. (http://www.hinduonnet.com/fline/fl1821/18210500.htm)
*K J Baby. 1993. Nadugadhika. Visthar Bangalore.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Janu — is a Hindi word with the following meanings:1. My Darling 2. Knee3. A Gotra (Clan) of Jats originally from Jandwa village … Wikipedia
Janu (clan) — Janu is gotra of Jats found in Distt Bikaner, Jaipur, Churu, Jhunjhunu districts in Rajasthan, India. Apart from their primary occupation as farmers, many of them actively serve in the Indian armed forces. The clan also has relatively high… … Wikipedia
Janu Tornell — Pageant titleholder bio photo= title=Miss Nevada USA 1989 nationalcompetition=Miss USA 1989 location= Las Vegas, Nevada, United States birthname= Janu Tornell eye color= Brown hair color= Brown height=5 10 Janu Tornell (May 9,1965 in Las Vegas,… … Wikipedia
Janu — It could reasonably be argued that this is the most famous name and surname of the Christian World. It was recorded from the 12th century a.d. onwards in every European country, and in a vast range of spellings, of which there are believed to be… … Surnames reference
janu — जनु … Indonesian dictionary
janū́ — जनू … Indonesian dictionary
Bruce David Janu — (born July 12, 1968) is an educator and filmmaker. Currently he teaches Social Science and English at John Hersey High School in Arlington Heights, Illinois. When he is not teaching, Janu is making educational materials and films. In 2000, he… … Wikipedia
Zorka Janů — (1921 ndash;1946), a Czech film actress, was the younger sister of the legendary cinema star Lída Baarová. When she was 12 years old, she appeared in the movie Madla z cihelny (Brickmaker s daughter, 1933) alongside her sister who played the… … Wikipedia
Miroslav Janů — Personal information Full name Miroslav Janů Date of birth 8 November 1959 (1 … Wikipedia
Gasthof-Pension Leopold Janu — (Зенфтенберг,Австрия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Unterer Markt 53, 3541 З … Каталог отелей