Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin


Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin

Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin de Saint Herem (1745-1792), was a French statesman. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Navy under Louis XVI.

He belonged to a junior branch of a noble family of Auvergne. He was gentleman-in-waiting to Louis XVI when dauphin, and was subsequently appointed ambassador to Madrid. From Madrid he was suddenly summoned to the governorship of Brittany, and in 1787 was appointed by the king to succeed Vergennes in the ministry of foreign affairs. Montmorin was a devoted admirer of Jacques Necker, whose influence at court he helped maintain. He retired when Necker was dismissed on July 12 1789, but on Necker's recall after the storming of the Bastille again resumed his office, which he continued to hold till October 1791. Honoré Mirabeau had approached him as early as December 1788, with a plan for the policy to be pursued by the court towards the new states general; but Montmorin, offended by Mirabeau's attacks on Necker and by his "Histoire secrete de la cour de Berlin", refused to see him.

With the progress of the French Revolution, however, this attitude changed. The comte de la Marck was trying to bring Mirabeau into touch with the court, and for this purpose it was important to secure the assistance of Montmorin. The two men were soon on the closest terms. While Montmorin continued as minister in name, Mirabeau became so in fact. Montmorin did not dare to come to a decision without consulting Mirabeau, but neither Mirabeau nor La Marck were under any illusions as to the his character. Mirabeau complained bitterly that Montmorin was "slack" ("flasque") and a "poltroon" ("gavache"). La Marck thought that Montmorin's feebleness was occasionally useful in restraining Mirabeau's impetuosity.

The death of Mirabeau in April 1791 was a severe blow to Montmorin, the difficulty of whose position was enormously increased after the flight of the royal family to Varennes, to which he was not privy. He was forced to resign office, but still continued to advise Louis, and was one of the inner circle of the king's friends, called by the revolutionists "the Austrian Committee." In June 1792 his papers were seized at the foreign office, without anything incriminating being discovered; in July he was denounced, and after August 10 was proscribed. He took refuge in the house of a washerwoman, but was discovered, taken before the Legislative Assembly, and imprisoned in the Abbaye, where he perished in the September massacres. His relative, Louis Victor Henri, marquis de Montmorin de Saint Herem, head of the senior branch of the family, also perished in the massacre.

See Agenor Bardoux, "Pauline de Montmorin, comtesse de Beaumont: Etudes sur la fin du XVIIIieme siècle" (Paris, 1884), for a defence of Montmorin's policy; A de Bacourt, " _fr. Correspondance entre Mirabeau et le comte de La Marck", 1789-1791 (3 vols., Paris, 1851), contains many letters of Montmorin; "Correspondence of the Comte de Moustier with the Comte de Montmorin," in the "Amer. Hist. Rev.", vol. viii. (1902-1903).

References

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin Saint-Hérem — Armand Marc de Montmorin Saint Hérem Pour les articles homonymes, voir comte de Montmorin et Montmorin. Armand Marc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Armand Marc De Montmorin Saint-Hérem — Pour les articles homonymes, voir comte de Montmorin et Montmorin. Armand Marc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Armand Marc de Montmorin Saint-Hérem — Pour les articles homonymes, voir comte de Montmorin et Montmorin. Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin Saint Hérem. Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin Saint Hérem …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comte De Montmorin —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes personnes partageant un même patronyme. Louis Victoire Lux de Montmorin Saint Hérem militaire français (1762 1792). Armand Marc de Montmorin Saint Hérem diplomate et homme politique français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comte de Montmorin — Armes des Montmorin de Saint Herem.  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau — Portrait of Mirabeau President of the National Constituent Assembly In office …   Wikipedia

  • Mirabeau, Honoré-Gabriel Riqueti, comte de — ▪ French politician and orator Introduction born March 9, 1749, Bignon, near Nemours, France died April 2, 1791, Paris  French politician and orator, one of the greatest figures in the National Assembly that governed France during the early… …   Universalium

  • Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes — Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes. Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes (* 20. Dezember 1717 in Dijon; † 13. Februar 1787 in Versailles) war französischer Staatsmann. Leben Vergennes wurde von seinem Onkel, M. de Chavigny, in den Diplomatenberuf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes — Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes. Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes (* 20. Dezember 1717 in Dijon; † 13. Februar 1787 in Versailles) war französischer Staatsmann. Leben Vergennes wurde von seinem Onkel, M. de Chavigny, in den Diplomatenberuf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Gravier, Comte De Vergennes — Charles Gravier de Vergennes Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles Gravier. Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.