COBRA (avant-garde movement)

COBRA (or CoBrA) was a European avant-garde movement active from 1948 to 1951. The name was coined in 1948 by Christian Dotremont from the initials of the members' home cities: Copenhagen (Co), Brussels (Br), Amsterdam (A).



COBRA was formed by Karel Appel, Constant, Corneille, Christian Dotremont, Asger Jorn, and Joseph Noiret on the 8th November 1948 in the Café Notre-Dame, Paris,[1] with the signing of a manifesto, "La Cause Était Entendue" (The Case Was Settled),[2] drawn up by Dotremont. Formed with a unifying doctrine of complete freedom of colour and form, as well as antipathy towards surrealism, the artists also shared an interest in Marxism as well as modernism.

Their working method was based on spontaneity and experiment, and they drew their inspiration in particular from children’s drawings, from primitive art forms and from the work of Paul Klee and Joan Miró.[1]

Coming together as an amalgamation of the Dutch group Reflex, the Danish group Høst and the Belgian Revolutionary Surrealist Group, the group only lasted a few years but managed to achieve a number of objectives in that time; the periodical Cobra, a series of collaborations between various members called Peintures-Mot and two large-scale exhibitions. The first of these was held at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, November (1949), the other at the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Liège (1951).

In November 1949 the group officially changed its name to 'Internationale des Artistes Expérimentaux' with membership having spread across Europe and the USA, although this name has never stuck. The movement was officially disbanded in 1951, but many of its members remained close, with Dotremont in particular continuing collaborations with many of the leading members of the group.[3]

The primary focus of the group consisted of semi-abstract paintings with brilliant color, violent brushwork, and distorted human figures inspired by primitive and folk art and similar to American action painting. Cobra was a milestone in the development of Tachisme and European abstract expressionism.


Prominent participants in COBRA included:

Related artists

Artists who had contact with COBRA, and were influenced by them:


There is a Cobra Museum in Amstelveen, Netherlands, displaying works by Karel Appel and other international avant-garde art.

Auctioneers Bruun Rasmussen held an auction of COBRA artists on April 3, 2006 in Copenhagen. It set records for the highest price for an Asger Jorn painting (6.4 million DKK for Tristesse Blanche) and for the highest amount raised in a single auction in Denmark (30 million DKK in total).


  1. ^ a b MOMA online
  2. ^ "La Cause Était Entendue" is an ironical reference to the manifesto "La Cause Est Entendue" (The Case Is Settled) from the supporters of Revolutionary Surrealism
  3. ^ Cobra Museum

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cobra Group — may refer to: Cobra Group (company), a direct sales company COBRA (avant garde movement), an art movement also known as Cobra group This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Cobra (disambiguation) — A cobra is any of several species of snake. Cobra may also refer to: Contents 1 Fictional entities 2 Government and police 3 L …   Wikipedia

  • CoBrA — (auch Cobra oder COBRA) war eine von 1948 bis 1951 bestehende Pariser Künstlergruppe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Mitglieder 3 Literatur 4 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nazarene movement — For other uses, see Nazarene (disambiguation). In Jacob encountering Rachel with her father s herd, Joseph von Führich attempts to recapture the mood of Perugino and Raphael, 1836 (Österreichische Galerie, Vienna) The name Nazarene was adopted by …   Wikipedia

  • International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus — The International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus was a small European avant garde artistic tendency that arose out of the breakup of COBRA, and was initiated by contact between former COBRA member Asger Jorn and Enrico Baj and Sergio Dangelo… …   Wikipedia

  • Art periods — Art period n. A phase in the development of the work of an artist, groups of artists or art movement. Sienese School Contents 1 Renaissance 2 Renaissance to Neoclassicism 3 Romanticism …   Wikipedia

  • Lyrical Abstraction — refers to two related but distinctly separate movements in Post war Modernist painting. European Lyrical Abstraction is an art movement born in Paris after World War II. At that time, France was trying to reconstruct its identity devastated by… …   Wikipedia

  • Claude Plessier — is a French painter, born in Paris in 1946 who has worked in France and Argentina. A graduate of the Arts Décos, the Beaux Arts and the Allgemeine Gewerbe Schule in Basel he was awarded a scholarship by the Italian government to study mosaic in… …   Wikipedia

  • 1949 in art — List of years in ArtEvents*Foundation of COBRA (avant garde movement)Awards*Archibald Prize: Arthur Murch Bonar Dunlop Works*Barnett Newman Abraham *Brenda Chamberlain The Fisherman s Return (National Museum of Wales) *Salvador Dalí The Madonna… …   Wikipedia

  • Piet Ouborg — Piet or Pieter Ouborg (March 10 1893, Dordrecht June 3 1956, The Hague) was a Dutch artist. He started out in life as a teacher; this profession was threatened with interruption by the outbreak of World War I when Ouborg was liable to enlistment …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.