- Gui-Jean-Baptiste Target
Gui-Jean-Baptiste Target (
December 17, 1733– 1807) was a French lawyerand politician.
Paris, he acquired a great reputation as a lawyer, less by practice in the courts than in a consultative capacity. He strenuously opposed the " parlementMaupeou", devised by Chancellor Maupeou to replace the old judiciary bodies, refusing to plead before it. He was counsel for Louis René Edouard, cardinal de Rohanin the " affair of the diamond necklace". In 1785, he was elected to the Académie française. In 1789, he was returned as one of the deputies of the Third Estatein Paris to the States-General, where he supported revolutionary measures such as the union of the orders, the suspensive veto, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, etc.
His excessive obesity, which in the
National Constituent Assemblymade him the butt of the Royalist jokes, prevented his practising at the bar for some years before 1789. When Louis XVI invited him to undertake his defence, he excused himself on this ground. In 1792, he published some constitutional observations in extenuation of the king's actions, which, in the circumstances of the time, would have taken some courage.
Target took no part in public affairs during the
Reign of Terror. Under the Directory he was made a member of the Institut de Francein 1796 and of the Court of Cassation in 1798. He lived to collaborate in the earlier stages of the new criminal code.
Among his writings may be mentioned a paper on the grain trade (1776) and a "Memoire sur l'etat des Protestants en France" (1787), in which he pleaded for the restoration of civil rights to
1911 The "Britannica" gives the following references:
* Victor du Bled, "Les avocats et l'Académie Française", in the "Grand Revue" (vol. ii. 1899).
* H. Moulin, "Le Palais a l'Académie: Target et son fauteuil" (Paris, 1884).
* P. Boulloche, "Un avocat au 18ieme siecle" (Paris, 1893).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gui-Jean-Baptiste Target — Guy Jean Baptiste Target Pour les articles homonymes, voir Target (homonymie). Guy Jean Baptiste Target Guy Jean Baptiste Target, né à Paris le 6 décembre& … Wikipédia en Français
Gui-jean-baptiste target — Guy Jean Baptiste Target Pour les articles homonymes, voir Target (homonymie). Guy Jean Baptiste Target Guy Jean Baptiste Target, né à Paris le 6 décembre& … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Baptiste Bessières — Born 6 August 1768(1768 08 06) Prayssac … Wikipedia
Jean Baptiste Antoine Marcellin de Marbot — Jean Baptiste Antoine Marcellin Marbot (1754 1800), French general Jean Baptiste Antoine Marcellin Marbot (August 18, 1782 – November 16, 1854), French soldier, son of General Jean Antoine Marbot (1754–1800), who died in the defence of Genoa… … Wikipedia
Jean-Baptiste du Val-de-Grâce, baron de Cloots — Baron de Cloots engraved by Levachez Jean Baptiste du Val de Grâce, baron de Cloots (June 24, 1755 – March 24, 1794), better known as Anacharsis Cloots (also spelled Clootz), was a Prussian nobleman who was a significant figure in the French… … Wikipedia
Jean-Sifrein Maury — (June 26, 1746 – May 10, 1817) was a French cardinal and Archbishop of Paris. Contents 1 Biography 2 The critic … Wikipedia
Jean Chouan — was the nom de guerre of the Frenchman, Jean Cottereau, who was born at Saint Berthevin, near Laval, in the department of Mayenne on 30 October 1757 and died 18 July 1794 at Olivet, also in Mayenne. He was a counter revolutionary, an … Wikipedia
Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois — Born 19 June 1749(1749 06 19) Paris, France Died 8 June 1796 … Wikipedia
Jean Lannes — Jean Lannes, Marshal of France, painting by François Gérard. Nickname Rolland of the … Wikipedia
Target — refers to: * Target Corporation, a U.S. mass merchandise retailer * Bullseye (target) * Target (Australia), an Australian mass merchandise store retailer * Gui Jean Baptiste Target (1733–1807), French lawyer * Target, Allier, a commune of the… … Wikipedia