- Gisborne, New Zealand
:"For other uses of Gisborne see
Gisborne (disambiguation)."Infobox Settlement
Gisborne ( _mi. Tūranga-nui-a-Kiwa) is the name of a unitary authority in
New Zealand, being both a region and a district. Gisborne is also the name of the largest settlement within the Gisborne Region.
Gisborne is named for an early Colonial Secretary
William Gisborne. The council is located in the town of Gisborne (locally referred to as the City of Gisborne). State Highway 2 passes through Gisborne and Gisborne is the northern terminus of the Palmerston North - Gisborne Line railway, which opened in 1942. Passenger services were provided until 1988, when the Endeavour express was cancelled north of Napier. Today, the railway carries solely freight.
Gisborne or East Coast region
The region is located in the northeastern corner of the
North Islandand is also referred to as the East Capeor East Coast or Eastland region. It is a sparsely inhabited and isolated region, with small settlements mainly clinging to small bays along the eastern shore including Tokomaru Bayand Tolaga Bay. The population of the region is about 45,000, with almost three quarters of those living in the city of Gisborne. No other settlement has a population of over 1000. The largest other settlements are the towns of Tolaga Bay and Ruatoria, each with populations of over 800 in 2001.
Inland, the land is rough, predominantly forested, hill country.
Te Urewera National Parkis located in the west of the region, and the Kaingaroa Forestis located further west of that. A spine of rough ridges dominates the centre of the region, culminating in the impressive bulk of the 1620 metre Mount Hikurangiin the region's northeast. This mountain is the fifth highest mountain in the North Island, and the highest that is not a volcano. Regarded as sacred by the Māori, there is some justification to the claims that this is the first mountain to see the sun in summer (see note below under "Gisborne City").
The region's population has higher than the national average proportion of Māori - over 50% in some areas - and still maintains strong ties to both Māori tradition and the
iwiand maraestructure. The predominant iwi in the region are Ngāti Porou, Rongowhakaata, Ngai Tamanuhiri, Te Aitanga a Mahaki.
City of Gisborne
The city of Gisborne is located at the north end of
Poverty Bay. The white cliff headland of Young Nick's Headat the other end of the bay is visible from the city. The cliffs can be seen in the left hand side of the sat photo. The Māori name for the cliffs is Te Kuri o Kiwa,Fact|date=July 2008 meaning The Dog of Kiwa, as this was what it was originally said to look like.
This prominence was the first part of New Zealand sighted by the crew of Captain
James Cook's ship "Endeavour", and was named for the crew member who first saw it. A memorial to Cook stands on the foreshore, marking the point where he first stepped ashore in New Zealand on October 8, 1769.
On the right hand side of the sat photo at the other end of the bay, known as Poverty Bay, is
Kaiti Hill. This hill overlooks the town and magnificent views can be obtained by driving or walking to the summit.
The city maintains a rural charm and is a popular holiday spot. Local industries include
agriculture, horticulture, farmingand forestry. Wineproduction is also valuable to the local economy.It is sometimes known as the City of Rivers as the centre of town is the convergence of three different rivers.
The harbour was host to many ships in the past. A meat works was sited beside the harbour and meat and wool was shipped from here. Now the harbour is the home of many smaller fishing boats as well as ships loading logs for export.
Gisborne boasts being the first city in the world to greet the sun each day. Technically, however, this is only true for part of the year. Both
Suva, Fiji, and NukuOkinaalofa, Tonga, are closer to the International Date Lineand therefore would seem more likely candidates for this title. Due to the earth's tilt on its axis, however, Gisborne does overtake their claim as New Zealand summer days grow longer. In the longest days of summer, though, it again loses the title to the hillier suburbs of Dunedinin the South Island.
The city has the benefit of being very close to the white sand beaches of Waikanae and Midway. A short distance from the city is the surf beach of Wainui.
Two major annual events are the Dawn Raid
Beach Day Out, which is an outdoor concert featuring many of the Dawn Raid Hip-hopstars held in January, and the Rhythm & Vinesconcert held every New Years' Evewhich features a huge concert featuring well-known New Zealandbands performing in a vineyard.
Gisborne had three sister cities in the Sister Cities International Program, two are in the
United Kingdom(one in Walesand Scotland), the third being Palm Desert, Californiain the US. The town of Gisborne 50 kilometes north-west of Melbourne, Australiais now also twinned with it.
At 8.55pm (NZDT) on
20 December 2007, the Gisborne region was hit by an earthquake of Richter Magnitude 6.8, centred in the Hikurangi Trench, 50Km southeast of Gisborne at a depth of 40km. [ [http://www.geonet.org.nz/earthquake/quakes/2839343g.html GeoNet – New Zealand Earthquake Report - Dec 20 2007 at 8:55 pm (NZDT) ] ] Intensities of 7 - 8 were experienced, with three buildings substantially collapsed in the CBD and others experiencing some structural damage. One death was reported (a heart attack of an elderly woman, sustained during the quake) plus minor injuries. [ [http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/1/story.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10483683 Quake damage extensive as massive clean-up begins - 21 Dec 2007 - NZ Herald: New Zealand National news ] ]
uburbs in Gisborne
Gardens in and around Gisborne
Gisborne has its own
botanical garden: Gisborne Botanical Gardens
In the surroundings are two important arboreta:
Eastwoodhill Arboretumat Ngatapa
Hackfalls Arboretumat Tiniroto
* [http://www.gdc.govt.nz/ Gisborne District Council Website]
* [http://www.gisbornenz.com/ Tourism Eastland Website]
2006 Tonga earthquake
List of Marae in the Gisborne Region
List of people from Gisborne
List of Schools in the Gisborne Region
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gisborne (New Zealand) — Hotels: Best Western BK s Palm Court Motor Lodge Gisborne (Central Location) Best Western Colonial Motor Lodge (Gladstone Rd) Cedar House Gisborne (The) (East Escape) Emerald Hotel Gisborne (City) … International hotels
Gisborne (New Zealand electorate) — Gisborne is a former New Zealand Parliamentary electorate.Population CentresThe electorate is based on the city of Gisborne. HistoryThe electorate existed from 1908 to 1996, when it was replaced by the Mahia electorate, which was renamed East… … Wikipedia
New Zealand national football team results — These are the New Zealand national football team fixtures and results. Contents 1 Results 1.1 1922 1.2 1923 1.3 1927 1.4 1933 … Wikipedia
New Zealand — (englisch) Aotearoa* (maorisch) Neuseeland … Deutsch Wikipedia
New Zealand general election, 1993 — 1990 ← members 6 November 1993 (1993 11 06) … Wikipedia
New Zealand electorates — New Zealand This article is part of the series: Politics and government of New Zealand Constitution … Wikipedia
New Zealand — New Zealander. /zee leuhnd/ a country in the S Pacific, SE of Australia, consisting of North Island, South Island, and adjacent small islands: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 3,587,275; 103,416 sq. mi. (267,845 sq. km). Cap.: Wellington … Universalium
New Zealand National Soccer League — bezeichnet eine Reihe von Fußballwettbewerben in Neuseeland, die zwischen 1970 und 2003 ausgetragen wurden und dessen Sieger neuseeländischer Fußballmeister wurde. 2004 wurde die National Soccer League durch die New Zealand Football Championship… … Deutsch Wikipedia
New Zealand Wide Pro Wrestling — Acronym WPW Founded October 2003 Headquarters Wellington, New Zealand … Wikipedia
New Zealand general election, 1996 — 1993 ← members October 12, 1996 (1996 10 12) … Wikipedia