Pleistarchus (in Greek Πλεισταρχος; lived
4th century BC) was son of Antipaterand brother of Cassander, king of Macedonia. He is first mentioned in the year 313 BC, when he was left by his brother in the command of Chalcis, to make headway against Ptolemy, the general of Antigonus, when Cassander himself was recalled to the defence of Macedonia.rf|1|diod_19.77 Again, in 302 BC, when the general coalition was formed against Antigonus, Pleistarchus was sent forward by his brother, with an army of 12000 foot and 500 horse, to join Lysimachusin Asia. As the Hellespontand entrance of the Euxinewas occupied by Demetrius, he endeavoured to transport his troops from Odessus direct to Heraclea, but lost by far the greater part on the passage, some having been captured by the enemy's ships, while others perished in a storm, in which Pleistarchus himself narrowly escaped shipwreck.rf|2|diod_20.112 Notwithstanding this misfortune, he seems to have rendered efficient service to the confederates, for which he was rewarded after the battle of Ipsus( 301 BC) by obtaining the province of Cilicia, as an independent government. This, however, he did not long retain, being expelled from it in the following year by Demetrius, almost without opposition.rf|3|plut_31 Hereupon he returned to his brother Cassander, and from this time there is no further record of his activities. Pausanias mentions him as having been defeated by the Athenians in an action in which he commanded the cavalry and auxiliaries of Cassander; but the period at which this event took place is uncertain.rf|4|paus_1.15 It is perhaps to him that the medical writer, Diocles of Carystus, addressed his work, which is cited more than once by Athenaeus, as τα προς Πλεισταρχον Υγιεινα.rf|5|ath_7
*Smith, William; "
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology", [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/2745.html "Pleistarchus (2)"] , Boston, (1867)
Diodorus Siculus, "Bibliotheca", xix. 77ent|2|diod_20.112 Ibid., xx. 112ent|3|plut_31 Plutarch, " Parallel Lives", "Demetrius", [http://www.attalus.org/old/demetrius2.html#31 31] ent|4|paus_1.15Pausanias, "Description of Greece", [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Paus.+1.15.1 i. 15] ent|5|ath_7 Athenaeus, " Deipnosophistae", [http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/Literature/Literature-idx?type=turn&entity=Literature000801870517&q1=plistarchus&pview=hide vii. 125]
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