Disorder of written expression
Disorder of written expression Classification and external resources ICD-10 F81.1 ICD-9 315.2
Disorder of written expression is a childhood condition characterized by poor writing skills. To some extent, 3 - 10% of school-age children are affected by this disorder. This disorder appears by itself or in conjunction with other learning or developmental disabilities.
- Avoids written work.
- Poor spelling
- Errors in grammar
- Errors in punctuation
- Poor handwriting
- Composition is poor relative to oral expression skills; uses simple vocabulary to avoid spelling difficulty.
- This is not solely a childhood disability. It continues on into adulthood.
- Oral and Written Language Scales (OWLS)
- Test of Adolescent and Adult Language–3 (TOAL-3)
- Test of Early Written Language
- Test of Written Expression (TOWE)
- Test of Written Language–3 (TOWL-3)
- Woodcock Johnson Psychoeducational Battery–Revised, Tests of Achievement
- Weschler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT)
- Reading disability
- Expressive language disorder
- Mathematics disorder
- Developmental coordination disorder
Developmental disorders: Dyslexia and related specific developmental disorders (F80–F83, 315) General conditionsScholastic skills/
learning disorderMotor functionOther
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