- Samuel Whitbread (brewer)
Samuel Whitbread (
August 30 1720– June 11 1796) was an English brewer and Member of Parliament. In 1742, he established a brewhouse that later — in 1799 — became Whitbread& Co Ltd.
Samuel Whitbread was born at Cardington in
Bedfordshire, the seventh of eight children. He left for Londonaged 14 and became an apprentice to a London brewer, John Witman. In 1742, he went into partnership with Thomas Shewell, investing £2,600 in two of Shewell's small breweries, the Goat Brewhouse (where porter was produced) and a brewhouse in Brick Lane(used to produce pale and amber beers). Demand for the strong, black porter meant the business had to move to larger premises in Chiswell Street in 1750.
By 1760, it had become the second largest brewery in London (producing almost 64,000 barrels annually). Five years later (1765), Whitbread bought out Shewell for £30,000. By the end of the century, Whitbread's business was London's biggest producer of beer, producing 202,000 barrels in 1796. The brewery was also one of the first to employ a
steam engine(purchasing a sun and planet gearengine from James Watt's company in 1785).
Whitbread was elected
Member of Parliamentfor Bedford in 1768, and held the seat until 1790, and then represented Steyning from 1792 to 1796. He is said to have been the first to mention slaveryin the House of Commons.
His son was the politician,
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
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