- Samuel Whitbread
- "Samuel Whitbread (1758 –
6 June 1815) was an English politician.
Cardington, Bedfordshire, Whitbread was the son of the brewer Samuel Whitbread. He was educated at Eton College, Christ Church, Oxfordand St John's College, Cambridge, after which he embarked on a European 'Grand Tour', visiting Denmark, Sweden, Russia, Poland, Prussia, Franceand Italy. He returned to England in May 1786 and joined his father's successful brewing business.
He was elected
Member of Parliamentfor Bedford in 1790, a post he held for eight years. Whitbread was a reformer — a champion of religious and civil rights, for the abolition of slavery, and a proponent of a national education system. Samuel Whitbread Community Collegein Mid-Bedfordshire, England is named after him.
He was a close friend and colleague of John Howard and of
Charles James Fox. After Fox's death, Whitbread took over the leadership of the Whigs, and in 1805 led the campaign to have Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, removed from office.
Napoleonand his reforms in France and Europe. He hoped that much that Napoleon reforms would be implemented in Britain itself. Throughout the Peninsular Warhe played down French defeats convinced that sooner of later Napoleon would triumph and did all he could to bring about a withdrawal of Britain from the continent. When Napoleon abdicated in 1814 he was devastated. Whitbread began to suffer from depression, and on the morning of 6 June 1815, he committed suicideby cutting his throat with a razor.
* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/PRwhitbread.htm Samuel Whitbread biography]
* Fulford, Roger. "Samuel Whitbread, 1764-1815: A study in opposition," MacMillan, 1967. (ISBN B0000CNFHB)
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