Pugwash, Nova Scotia

Infobox Settlement
name = Pugwash
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settlement_type = Village
motto = World Famous for Peace

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pushpin_label_position = right
pushpin_map_caption = Location of Pugwash in Nova Scotia
pushpin_mapsize = 200
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = flag|Canada
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = flag|Nova Scotia
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cumberland
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Governing Body
leader_name = Pugwash Village Commission
leader_title1 = Chair
leader_name1 = Ray Jamison
established_title = Founded
established_date = Early 1700s
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elevation_m = 5
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population_total = 810
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timezone = ATS
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postal_code_type = Postal Code
postal_code = B0K 1L0
area_code = +1-902-243
website = [http://www.pugwashvillage.com/ The Village Of Pugwash]
footnotes =

Pugwash (2001 population: 810) is a Canadian village in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia.

The village is home to fishing, salt mining, and small-scale manufacturing and is situated on the Northumberland Strait at the mouth of the Pugwash River.

Pugwash takes its name from the native Mi'kmaq word, "Pagweak," meaning "Deep Water," in reference to the deep harbour.

Pugwash sits atop a salt deposit measuring 457.2 m thick and is home to the largest underground salt mine in Atlantic Canada, with shipments from its port, as well as by rail from a facility at Oxford Junction.

Pugwash is famous for being the site of an international conference of scholars organized by Bertrand Russell in 1957, and hosted by Pugwash's native son, steel magnate Cyrus Eaton (1883-1979), at the lodge on his estate located just north of the village. This conference brought high-level scientists from both sides of the Cold War divide to state their opposition to nuclear weapons. This meeting was a follow-up to an earlier statement of notables whose signatories had included Albert Einstein and Linus Pauling, the Russell-Einstein Manifesto. The name Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs has since been used to refer to the group, although citizens in Pugwash generally term these visitors as the "Great Thinkers."

Indeed, visitors entering Pugwash were once greeted by roadside signs announcing that they were entering the "Home of the Thinkers," but the signs have since been replaced by a newer slogan "World Famous for Peace". The switch was made in response to the 1995 awarding of the Nobel Prize to the International Pugwash conferences "for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and in the longer run to eliminate such arms".

In turn the children's cartoon character Captain Pugwash was named after the organisation, after the author came across the name in a newspaper article.

Pugwash is also home to many descendants of Highland Scots who immigrated to the region in the 1800s. All street signs in the town are bilingual with both English and Gaelic translations. The village celebrates its Scottish heritage each July 1, with the annual Gathering of the Clans and Fisherman's regatta. The Pugwash area, and indeed the entire north shore of Nova Scotia, is famed for its warm waters and sandy beaches. Some claim the waters in summer here are the warmest waters north of the Carolinas in the United States.

The creation of pewter crafts and souvenirs is another important industry in Pugwash. The village has an elementary school, named after Cyrus Eaton, as well as a regional highschool that draws students from around rural Cumberland County. Pugwash has recently started a small farmers market that runs during the summer months.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Pugwash include:
*Charles Aubrey Eaton (1868-1953), clergyman and politician who served in the United States House of Representatives, representing the ushr|New Jersey|4 from 1925-1933, and the ushr|New Jersey|5|5th district from 1933-1953. [ [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=E000023 Charles Aubrey Eaton] , "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". Accessed September 9, 2007.]


External links

* [http://www.pugwashvillage.com/ The Village Of Pugwash Website]
* [http://www.pugwash.org/about/manifesto.htm Russell-Einstein Manifesto]
* [http://www.pugwash.org Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs]
* [http://www.pugwashpeaceexchange.org The Pugwash Peace Exchange]

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