Garajonay National Park


Garajonay National Park

Infobox_protected_area | name = Garajonay National Park
iucn_category = II


caption =
locator_x =
locator_y =
location = La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain
nearest_city =
lat_degrees = 28
lat_minutes = 07
lat_seconds = 34.5
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 17
long_minutes = 14
long_seconds = 14
long_direction = W
area = 40 km²
established = 1981
visitation_num =
visitation_year =
governing_body =
Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Garajonay National Park


State Party = ESP
Type = Natural
Criteria = vii, ix
ID = 380
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 1986
Session = 10th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/380

Garajonay National Park ( _es. Parque nacional de Garajonay) is located in the center and north of the island of La Gomera, one of the Canary Islands (Spain). It was declared a national park in 1981 and a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. It occupies 40 km2 (15 sq mi) and it extends into each of the municipalities on the island.

The park is named after the rock formation of Garajonay, the highest point on the island at 1,484 m (4,869 feet). It also includes a small plateau whose altitude is 790-1,400 m (2,600-4,600 feet) above sea level.

The park provides the best example of "laurisilva", a humid subtropical forest that in the Tertiary covered almost all of Europe. It is also found on the Azores and the Madeira Islands. "Laurus azorica", known as Azores Laurel, or by the Portuguese names "Louro", "Loureiro", "Louro-da-terra", and "Louro-de-cheiro", can be found in the park, as well as "Laurus canariensis", known as Canary Laurel.

The forests are made up of laurel-leaved evergreen hardwood trees, reaching up to 40 meters in height. Many of the species are endemic to the islands, and harbor a rich biota of understory plants, invertebrates, and birds and bats, including a number of endemic species.

Two species of reptile, "Gallotia gomerana" (Gomeran lizard) and "Chalcides viridanus" (Gomeran skink), can be found. Amphibians include the stripeless tree frog, "Hyla meridionalis".

The park is renowned as one of the best places to observe the two Canarian endemic pigeons, Laurel Pigeon ("Columba junoniae") and Bolle's Pigeon ("Columba bollii").

Gara and Jonay

The peak and park are named after the doomed Guanche lovers Gara and Jonay, whose story evokes those of Romeo and Juliet and Hero and Leander. Gara was a princess of Agulo on La Gomera. During the festival of Beñesmén, it was the custom of unmarried girls of Agulo to gaze at their reflections in the waters of Chorros del Epina. If the water was clear, they would find a husband; if muddy, some misfortune would befall them. When Gara looked at the water, she saw her reflection clearly. However, she gazed too long and the sun's reflection blinded her temporarily. A wise man named Gerián told her that this meant that she needed to avoid all fire or it would consume her.

Jonay was the son of the "mencey" or king of Adeje on Tenerife who arrived on the island to celebrate these ceremonies. Jonay's participation in the ensuing games attracted the attention of Gara, and the two fell in love. Unfortunately, when the engagement was announced, the volcano Teide, visible from La Gomera, began to erupt as if in disapproval. This was interpreted as a bad sign and the couple’s respective parents broke the engagement. Jonay was made to return to Tenerife, but one night, he swam across the channel that separated the two islands and rejoined his beloved. Their respective fathers ordered that the two be found. The lovers were soon trapped on a mountain, where they decided to take their own lives.

External links

*es icon [http://www.rubens51.com/leyenda_gara_jonay.htm Legend of Gara and Jonay]


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