- Eugene Nida
name = Eugene Nida
November 11 1914
birth_place = Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
occupation = Linguist
spouse = Althea Sprague (1943 - 1993)
Dr. Elena Fernadez (1997 to present)
Eugene A. Nida (born
November 11, 1914, in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) is the developer of the dynamic-equivalence Bible translationtheory.
Eugene Albert Nida was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, on
November 11 1914. Nida became a Christian at a young age, when he responded to the altar call at his church “to accept Christ as my Saviour.” [Bankson, Benjamin A. “New Facts in Translations.” "Bible Society Record". February 1969, p. 26.]
He graduated summa cum laude from the
University of Californiain 1936. After graduating he attended Camp Wycliffe, where Bible translation theory was taught. He ministered for a short time among the Tarahumara Indians in Mexico, until health problems due to an inadequate diet and the high altitude forced him to leave. Sometime around this timeframe Nida became a founding charter member of Wycliffe Bible Translators, a sister organization of the Summer Institute of Linguistics.
In 1937, Nida undertook studies at the
University of Southern California, where he obtained a Master’s Degree in New Testament Greek in 1939. In that same year Eugene Nida became interim pastor of Calvary Church of Santa Ana, CA, after the founding pastor resigned in 1939. [ [http://calvarylife.org/75/1930/missions_ministry.html Calvary Church of Santa Ana, CA, previous pastors] ] In spite of his conservative background, in later years Nida became increasingly ecumenical and New Evangelical in his approach. [George, Calvin. "The History of the Reina-Valera 1960 Spanish Bible", Morris Publishing, 2004, p. 100]
In 1943 Nida received his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the
University of Michigan, he was ordained as a Baptist minister, and married Althea Lucille Sprague. The couple remained married until Althea Sprague Nida's death in 1993. In 1997 Nida married Dr. Elena Fernadez, a translator and interpreter.
Nida retired in the early 1980s and currently lives in
In 1943 Dr. Nida began his career as a
linguistwith the American Bible Society(ABS). He was quickly promoted to Associate Secretary for Versions, then worked as Executive Secretary for Translations until his retirement.
Nida was instrumental in engineering the joint effort between the Vatican and the
United Bible Societies(UBS) to produce cross-denominational Bibles in translations across the globe. This work began in 1968 and was carried on in accordance with Nida's translation principle of Functional Equivalence.
Translation and Linguistic Theories
Eugene Nida has been a pioneer in the fields of translation theory and
His Ph.D. dissertation, "A Synopsis of English Syntax", was the first full-scale analysis of a major language according to the "immediate-constituent" theory.
His most notable and most controversial contribution to translation theory is Dynamic Equivalence, also known as Functional Equivalence. This approach to translation aims to reproduce the intention of the original text in the translation, rather than reproducing the actual words of the original. For more information, see "
Dynamic and formal equivalence."
Nida also developed the "componential-analysis" technique, which split words into their components to help determine equivalence in translation (e.g. "
bachelor" = male + unmarried). This is, perhaps, not the best example of the technique, though it is the most well-known.
Nida's dynamic-equivalence theory is often held in opposition to the views of
philologists who maintain that an understanding of the source text(ST) can be achieved by assessing the inter-animation of words on the page, and that meaning is self-contained within the text (i.e. much more focused on achieving semantic equivalence).
Nida and Venuti have proved that translation studies is a much more complex discipline than may first appear, with the translator having to look beyond the text itself to deconstruct on an intra-textual level and decode on a referential level—assessing culture-specific items,
idiomand figurative language to achieve an understanding of the source textand embark upon creating a translation which not only transfers what words mean in a given context, but also recreates the impact of the original text within the limits of the translator's own language system (linked to this topic: George Steiner, the Hermeneutic Motion, pragmatics, field, tenor, mode and the locutionary, illocutionaryand perlocutionary)
Some who are against Nida's influence have been careless in some of their accusations against him. For example, a recent book claimed without documentation that Nida was a reviser of the controversial
Revised Standard VersionBible translation that removed the word "virgin" from Isaiah 7:14. [ [http://en.literaturabautista.com/node/8 Review of book alleging without documentation that Nida was an RSV reviser] ] A simple look at Peter Thuesen's book "In Discordance with the Scriptures" reveals that Nida is not included in the list of RSV committee members on pp. 74-75 of the book.
Published Works include the following:
* "Linguistic Interludes" - (Glendale, CA: Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1944 (Revised 1947))
* "The Bible Translator" - (Journal founded and edited by Dr. Nida (retired), 1949- )
* "Morphology: The Descriptive Analysis of Words" - (Univ. of Michigan Press, 1949)
* "Message and Mission" - (Harper, 1960)
* "Customs, Culture and Christianity" - (Tyndale Press, 1963)
* "Toward a Science of Translating" - (Brill, 1964)
* "Religion Across Cultures" - (Harper, 1968)
* "The Theory and Practice of Translation" - (Brill, 1969, with C.R. Taber)
* "Language Structure and Translation: Essays" - (Stanford University Press, 1975)
* "From One Language to Another" - (Nelson, 1986, with Jan de Waard)
* "The Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains" - (UBS, 1988, with Louw)
Bibliography relating to Nida
*Ma, H. J. 2003. "A study of Nida’s translation theory." Beijing: Teaching and Research Press.
*Stine, Philip. 2005. "Let the Words Be Written: The Lasting Influence of Eugene A. Nida." Brill Academic Publishers.
*George, Calvin. "The History of the Reina-Valera 1960 Spanish Bible", Morris Publishing, 2004. (Contains a lengthy chapter about Nida's life and religious beliefs) Still in print and available through http://en.literaturabautista.com/node/22
* [http://www.nidainstitute.org The Eugene A. Nida Institute for Biblical Scholarship]
* [http://www.americanbible.org/site/PageServer The American Bible Society]
* [http://www.biblesociety.org/ The United Bible Societies]
* [http://linguistlist.org/issues/15/15-495.html#1 A review of the book: Nida, Eugene A. (2003) Fascinated by Languages]
NAME= Nida, Eugene
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Linguist
DATE OF BIRTH=
November 11, 1914
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Eugene Nida — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eugene Nida Nacimiento 11 de noviembre de 1914 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma … Wikipedia Español
Eugene Nida — Eugene Albert Nida (* 11. November 1914 in Oklahoma City; † 25. August 2011 in Brüssel oder Madrid) war ein US amerikanischer Linguist und Bibelübersetzungstheoretiker. Er entwickelte die funktional äquivalente Bibel Übersetzung, die heute… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nida — heißen in der Geografie: Nida (römische Stadt), Siedlung in römischer Zeit im Nordwesten von Frankfurt am Main Nida (Litauen) (Nidden), Ortschaft auf der Kurischen Nehrung Ruciane Nida (Rudczanny Nieden), Stadt in Polen die Nida (Fluss) im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nida — may refer to: Nida, Lithuania Nida (river) in Poland Nida (Roman town), an ancient roman town in the northwestern suburbs of today s Frankfurt am Main, Germany Nida, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland Eugene Nida, linguistics and translation… … Wikipedia
Eugene (Vorname) — Eugene ist ein männlicher Vorname griechischen Ursprungs (griech.: Ευγένιος) mit der Bedeutung wohl geboren, edel , der insbesondere im englischen Sprachraum (Kurzform: Gene) vorkommt. Die deutschsprachige Form des Namens ist Eugen, die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nida — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Personne Eugene Nida, linguiste et traducteur de la Bible Prénom Nida, prénom féminin musulman signifiant l appel, la clameur. Nida, prénom féminin… … Wikipédia en Français
Найда, Юджин — Юджин Найда Eugene Albert Nida Дата рождения: 11 ноября 1914(1914 11 11) Место рождения: Оклахома Сити … Википедия
Dynamic and formal equivalence — The term dynamic equivalent is also used in electrics, physics, economics and yoga. In Bible translation dynamic equivalence and formal equivalence are two approaches to translation. The terms are not found in general linguistics or translation… … Wikipedia
Good News Bible — Bible translation infobox | translation title=Good News Bible full name=Good News Bible other names=Good News Translation, Today s English Version abbreviation=GNB (or GNT/TEV) NT published=1966 OT published=1976 complete bible published=1976… … Wikipedia
Kommunikative Bibelübersetzung — Mit dem Begriff kommunikative Übersetzung bezeichnet man einen Typ von Übersetzung, der die Kommunikationswirksamkeit zur ersten Norm nimmt, also das Verständnis des Rezipienten bzw. die Wirkungstreue . Man spricht auch von „dynamischer“ … Deutsch Wikipedia