- Elizabeth Arden
image_size = 150px
name = Elizabeth Arden
caption = Elizabeth Arden (1939)
birth_date = birth date|1878|12|31
Woodbridge, Ontario, Canada
death_date = death date|1966|10|19
New York City, U.S.
occupation = Businessman:
Elizabeth Arden (
December 31, 1878- October 19, 1966) was a Canadian businesswoman who built a cosmetics empire in the United States.
Arden was born Florence Nightingale Graham in Woodbridge,
Ontario, where she lived until she was twenty-four years old. In 1909 Florence Nightingale Graham dropped out of nursing school in Toronto[page 262, Frommer's Guide to Toronto 2004, by Hilary Davidson, ISBN 0-7645-4060-2] .
She then joined her elder brother in
New York City, working briefly as a bookkeeperfor the E.R. Squibb Pharmaceuticals Company. While there, she spent hours in their lab, learning about skincare. She then worked - again briefly - for Eleanor Adair, an early beauty culturist, as a "treatment girl."
Still in 1909, Arden formed a partnership with Elizabeth Hubbard, another culturist. When the partnership dissolved, she
coinedthe business name "Elizabeth Arden" from her former partner and from Tennyson's poem " Enoch Arden".
In 1912, Arden travelled to
Franceto learn beauty and facial massagetechniques used in the Paris beauty salons. She returned with a collection of rouges and tinted powders she had created. In an era when it was only acceptable for stage performers to wear makeup, Arden introduced modern eye makeup to North America. She also introduced the concept of the "makeover" in her salons.
Arden collaborated with A. Fabian Swanson, a chemist, to create a "fluffy" face cream. The success of the cream, called Venetian Cream Amoretta, and corresponding lotion, named "Arden Skin Tonic", led to a long-lasting business relationship. This revolutionized
cosmetics, bringing a scientific approach to formulations. other innovations included creating foundations that matched a person's skin tone; creating the idea of the "Total Look" in which lip, cheek, and fingernailcolors matched or coordinated; and the first to make a cosmetics commercial shown in movie houses.
World War II, Arden recognized the changing needs of the American woman entering the work force. She showed women how to apply makeup and dress appropriately for careers outside the home. She created a lipstick called Montezuma Red, for the women in the armed forcesthat would match the red on their uniforms. Although most of her commercial success was in cosmetics, she also pioneered restorative musical exercises based on yoga. She started a fashion business in 1943 with notable designers like Charles James and Oscar de la Rentaon staff.
She began expanding her international operations in 1915, and started opening salons across the world, France and many other places. By the end of 1930s, it was said that "There are only three American names that are known in every single corner of the globe: Singer
sewing machines, Coca Cola, and Elizabeth Arden." A fact proved by Heinrich Harrerin his book Seven Years in Tibet, where he stated that it's possible to buy Arden's products -- even in Tibet.
From the 1930s through the 1960s, Elizabeth Arden was considered the most exclusive cosmetic brand, with celebrated patrons including Queen Mary,
Queen Elizabeth II, Marilyn Monroe, Jacqueline Kennedy, Marlene Dietrich, Joan Crawford, Wallis Simpsonand Mamie Eisenhower. The introduction of the perfume "Blue Grass" in 1934 was also successful. It remains on the market until today.
, catering to her wealthy clientele. At one time, the resort and its operating farm produced much of the food for the spa and was a significant employer in the town.
In 1915 she married Thomas J. Lewis, a banker, thus becoming an American citizen. Arden's drive for success cost her
marriageto Lewis. They divorced in 1934. A second marriage to a Russian princeonly lasted 13 months.
Thoroughbred horse racing
Arden used the name
Maine Chance Farmfor her Thoroughbred horse racingand breeding operation in Lexington, Kentucky. In 1931 she had bought her first horse at the Fasig-Tipton sales at the Saratoga Race Courseand in the nineteen forties and fifties she built Maine Chance Farm into a major force in American Thoroughbred horse racing. In 1945, Star Pilot and Beaugay were the Eclipse Awardcolt and filly champions, and her stable was the leading money-winner in the United States. In 1947 her colt Jet Pilot, trained and ridden by future Hall of Famers Tom Smith and Eric Guerinwon the Kentucky Derby. Putting her on the cover of the May 6, 1946 issue of "Time" magazine. In 1948, she also acquired the great fillyBusher as a broodmare from a spectacular auction conducted by Louis B. Mayer. Busher was not only inducted into the Hall of Fame, she ranked #40 in Blood-Horse magazine List of the Top 100 U.S. Racehorses of the 20th Century. In 1954, her filly "Fascinator," won the Kentucky Oaks. For her contribution to the racing industry, Elizabeth Arden Graham was posthumously inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Famein 2003.
Elizabeth Arden today
under the name Elizabeth N. Graham. Her estate was worth $30 to $40 million (US) and she had over a hundred salons worldwide.
Elizabeth Arden's cosmetics company continues to trade today, and was bought from
Unileverin 2003 by FFI, a New Yorkcompany. They changed their name to Elizabeth Arden, and are listed on the NASDAQ (RDEN). The past 'face' of Elizabeth Arden was Swedish supermodel Vendela Kirsebomduring the late-1980s to the mid-1990s. The current 'face' of Elizabeth Arden is Catherine Zeta Jones.
The company continues to offer color coordinated make-up sets, as well as an extensive line of skin care products and treatments.
Since Arden's death, some of the company's focus has shifted to the development of a number of fragrance lines. The company's signature fragrance is called "Red Door" named after their day spas which are called "Elizabeth Arden Red Door Salons". Other fragrance within their own line are "Fifth Avenue", "Green Tea", "Provocative Woman" and their newest, "Mediteranian". The company also holds the license to the
Hilary Dufffragrances " With Love... Hilary Duff" and " Wrapped With Love...", and the Britney Spearsfragrances "Curious", "Fantasy", "", " Midnight Fantasy", and "Believe" ; Elizabeth Taylor's "White Diamonds," "Passion," "Forever Elizabeth," and "Gardenia"; Mariah Carey's " M by Mariah Carey". In 2006 Elizabeth Arden acquired the fragrance portfolio from Riviera Concepts. The newly acquired brands include Alfred Sung, the Hummerfragrance franchise, Cynthia Rowley, Lulu Guinness, Bob Mackie, and Badgley Mischka.
* [http://foia.fbi.gov/foiaindex/arden.htm FBI dossier on Elizabeth Arden]
* [http://www.sleepyhollowcemetery.org Sleepy Hollow Cemetery]
* [http://shop.elizabetharden.com Elizabeth Arden, Inc. Homepage]
* [http://corporate.elizabetharden.com Elizabeth Arden, Inc. Corporate Information]
NAME = Arden, Elizabeth
ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Florence Nightingale Graham
SHORT DESCRIPTION = businesswoman
DATE OF BIRTH =
December 31, 1878
PLACE OF BIRTH = Woodbridge, Ontario, Canada
DATE OF DEATH =
October 19, 1966
PLACE OF DEATH = New York City
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Elizabeth Arden — (geb. Florence Nightingale Graham; * 31. Dezember 1878 oder 31. Januar 1881 in Woodbridge, Kanada; † 18. Oktober 1966 in New York, USA) war eine amerikanische Kosmetikunternehmerin … Deutsch Wikipedia
Elizabeth Arden — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Elizabeth Arden (1939) Elizabeth Arden (31 de diciembre de 1878 19 de octubre de 1966) Canadiese que montó su imperio de cosméticos en Estados Unidos. Su verdadero nombr … Wikipedia Español
Elizabeth Arden — Nom de naissance Florence Nightingale Graham Naissance 31 décembre 1878 Ontario ( … Wikipédia en Français
Elizabeth Arden — Florence N Graham … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Arden — can refer to:LocationsAustralia*Arden Anglican SchoolCanada*Ardenode, Alberta *Ardenville, Alberta *Arden Park, British Columbia *Arden, Manitoba *Arden, Ontario *Ardendale, OntarioDenmark*The former Arden municipality **The town of ArdenEurope*… … Wikipedia
Arden (danemark) — Arden Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Arden est un mot anglo saxon pouvant désigner : Toponyme En Australie : Arden Anglican School Au Danemark : Arden (Danemark) Au… … Wikipédia en Français
Arden (Familienname) — Arden ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Alice Arden (1515–1561), englische Mörderin Charles Noble Arden Clarke (1898–1962), britischer Kolonialpolitiker und Gouverneur Daphne Arden (* 1941), britische Leichtathletin Don Arden… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Arden, Elizabeth — orig. Florence Nightingale Graham born Dec. 31, 1884, Woodbridge, Ont., Can. died Oct. 18, 1966, New York, N.Y., U.S. Canadian U.S. businesswoman who founded a chain of women s salons. Graham moved to New York с 1908, where she opened a beauty… … Universalium
Arden — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour l’article homophone, voir Ardennes. Arden est un mot anglo saxon pouvant désigner : Toponyme En Australie : Arden Anglican School Au… … Wikipédia en Français
Arden, Elizabeth — orig. Florence Nightingale Graham (31 dic. 1884, Woodbridge, Ontario, Canadá–18 oct. 1966, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Mujer de negocios de origen canadiense estadounidense. Fundó una importante cadena de salones de belleza. En 1908, la señora… … Enciclopedia Universal