Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Satna | type = city | latd = 24.58 | longd = 80.83
locator_position = right | state_name = Madhya Pradesh
district = Satna
altitude = 315
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 225,468| population_density =
area_magnitude= sq. km
Satna is a city and a
municipal corporationin Satna districtin the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Satna District.
Satna got its name from from Sutna or satna river flowing in its vicinity.The river got its name from the name of popular rishi called "Suteekshna Muni" of ancient times of Ramayana period.( ref. "Satna Nagar" written by Shivanand). A long history is associated with this place.In the Ramayana Era Lord Rama stayed in the region of Chitrakoot , half of it is in the outskirts of Satna , shared with Utter Pradesh ,which contains the rest. It was previously a British station, the headquarters of the political agent for
Bharhut, there are the remains of a 2nd century BCBuddhist stupa, first discovered in 1873by Cunningham.
Satna is located at coord|24.58|N|80.83|E| and it has an average elevation of 315
metres (1033 feet). [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/35/Satna.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Satna] ]
As of 2001India census[GR|India] , Satna had a population of 225,468. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Satna has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 62%. In Satna, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The majority of the population speaks
Bagheli, which is a derivate of Hindi.
Satna lies in one among the lime stone belts of India as a resutlt of which Satna contributes around 8-9% of India's Total Cement Production, also the Cable Industry in Satna are one among the pioneers in the country
Satna's industries include cement manufacturing, hand loom weaving, flour, oilseed milling, and the distribution of agricultural and fabric products via road and rail junction. The Asia's biggest cement factory known as "Prism Cement" is in Satna.Fact|date=June 2008 It is also home to one of the leading cables manufacturer of India, "Universal Cables Limited".Infrastructure is on a boom. Land prices of Rewa road (NH-7) are one of the highest in the state.
Satna is the goods-transport capital of the Vindhya region as most of the trade supplies to the region are unloaded and further supplied to other Vindhya regions from here. Trade routes From Utter Pradesh to Vindhya region are exclusive to Satna and Rewa, but since Rewa is not well connected by rail lines so Satna takes benefit of the fact and is prime trade location.
Currently the economy is on the boom in here. Satna is in the transient stage of transformation to a big city. As the city takes the trade hub stature , it follows a high intake of people immigrating from other regions to it and subsequent increase in the demand of goods and services need to be fulfilled, therefore a boom of companies in the areas of banking , commerce and trade , and consumer goods (brands with big name) are increasingly registering their presence in the region.
The nearest Airport is at
Khajurahowhich is approximately 120 kilometres from Satna connected through Chhatarpur-Satna Road.
Satna is well connected by train to almost all major cities of the countries. It lies on the busy Train route connecting
Mumbaiand Howrah. There is also a diesel depot for the Western Central Railway.
A couple of state highways and a national highway make it well connected by roads too. Satna is connected to the longest National Highway: NH-7.
Satna has got a literacy rate of 65.48%. There are several college campuses of the
Awadesh Pratap Singh Universityin the city. Satna is a educational hub of Vindhya region sevral courses like Biotechnology, journalism etc. are offering by various institute. One of the oldest and premier institute is Rajiv Gandhi College, established in 1996. It has got two engineering college name VITS and also a new engineering college name as "Aditya College of Technology and Science", established in 2007.Satna has number of reputed English medium Schools like St. Michaels Hr. Sec. School, Christ Jyoti, Christukula Mission etc. One of the notable Hindi medium school here is "Saraswati Higher Secondary School"."Lovedale" is an excellent institution as far as primary education is concerned.
Satna districtis proud to have two major religious tourism spots: Chitrakoot and Maihar. Satna district is also proud to have an ancient city of Buddhist culturenamed ' Bharhut', whose archaeological remains also displayed in many museums in Indian and abroad. Tulsi museum at Ramvan, 16 km away from the city, has many unique artistic sculptures of ancient times found in this area. Lord ShivaTemple at Birsinghpuris also a famous and old temple in the region.
Navswadeshis the largest circulated newspaper. Other newspapers available in Satna are Nava Bharat, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagaran, Dainik Deshbandhu, Semaria Express, Vindhya Varta, Vyapar Kiranand Vindhya Aakrosh.
Satna is also famous for scenic temples. One of those temples, named "Venktesh Mandir", is situated near
Mukhtyarganj.It was constructed between 1876 - 1925 by the royal family of Deorajnagar. A new temple named "Pashupati Nath" has been also built recently on the outskirts of Satna.
* [http://satna.nic.in/ Official website of Satna]
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