Paul Edward Yost (
June 30, 1919– May 27, 2007) was the American inventor of the modern hot air balloonand is referred to as the "Father of the Modern Day Hot-Air Balloon." cite web
last = Kim
first = Seung Min
title = "Hot-air balloons to take flight"
Des Moines Register
pages = 1B
year = 2004
url = http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:NewsBank:DMRB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1043EFB4C631C357&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated4&req_dat=0F0D762D356EA22B
archiveurl = http://www.webcitation.org/5WPzfQDdI
Born on a farm 7 miles south of
Bristow, Iowa, Yost first became involved in lighter-than-air ballooning when he leased his single-engine plane to General Millsto track their gas balloons. He became a senior engineer in the development of high-altitude research balloons.
In the 1950s, Yost's own interests turned toward reviving the lost practice of manned hot-air ballooning. This technology had first been invented in
Franceby in the late 1700s by pioneers led by the Montgolfier brothers, but under the Montgolfier system the balloon's air was heated by a ground fire prior to the balloon being released. The inherent danger of this type of balloon flight led to the system being abandoned when hydrogenand later heliumbecame available.
One of Yost's key engineering insights was that a hot-air balloon could be made to carry its own fuel. The invention of relatively light burners fueled by bottled
propanemade it possible for the balloonist to re-heat the air inside the balloon for a longer flight. Yost’s invention improved modern hot-air balloons into semi-maneuverable aircraft. Yost's other hot-air balloon patents included nonporous synthetic fabrics, maneuvering vents, and deflation systems for landing. Yost also designed the distinctive “teardrop” shape of the hot air balloon envelope itself. This hot-air balloon image has become an icon, used for example on the standard license plate of motor vehicles registered in New Mexico. cite web |title=Ed Yost – Aviator, Inventor, and "Father of Modern Day Hot-Air Balloon" Dies |publisher=WebWire |date= 2007-05-28|url=http://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=37531 |accessdate= 2007-10-31 |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5WPzGA3kC |archivedate= 2008-03-18]
In October 1955, Yost developed and flew the first prototype of the modern hot air balloon in a tethered flight. The envelope was plastic film, and heat was provided by burning
kerosene. This prototype flight uncovered conceptual flaws that Yost worked to overcome.
On October 22, 1960, Yost made the first-ever free flight of a modern hot air balloon from
Bruning, Nebraska. His balloon flew untethered for 1 hour and 35 minutes (1:35) with the aid of heat generated by a propane burner. The balloon's 40-foot (12 m) envelope was sewn from heat-resistant fabric especially selected by Yost for this purpose. [ William R. Berry, "Hot-Air Balloons Race on Silent Winds", "National Geographic" 129:3 (March 1966), page 395. ] After further refining and improving on this designs and materials, in 1963 Yost piloted the first modern balloon flight across the English Channelwith crew member Don Piccardin a balloon later named the “Channel Champ.”
In 1976, Yost set 13 aviation world’s records for distance traveled and amount of time aloft in his attempt to cross the
Atlantic Ocean—solo— by balloon. He designed and built his balloon, the “Silver Fox," himself, partly in his home garage. It featured a gondolathat was shaped like a boat in the event that he would be forced down at sea — which is precisely what occurred. Although he had traveled far in excess of the distance needed to reach Europe from his launch point off the coast of Maine— his flight path began to point South rather than the hoped-for East direction due to inaccurate weather forecasting. The dream was achieved eight years later with Yost’s assistance in a Yost-built balloon, "The Balloon of Peace" flight from Caribou Maine to Montenotte Italy flown by Colonel Joseph Kittinger.
Yost also contributed to the advancement of the sport of ballooning and lighter-than-air flight. He helped to found the
Balloon Federation of America(BFA) and assisted in the organization of the first US National Ballooning Championshipat Indianola, Iowa.
On May 27, 2007, Yost died of a heart attack at the age of 87 at his home in Vadito, near
Taos, New Mexico. Hevesi, Dennis. [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/04/us/04yost.html "Ed Yost, 87, Father of Modern Hot-Air Ballooning, Dies"] , " The New York Times", 2007-06-04. Retrieved on 2007-10-31. ]
* [http://www.nationalballoonmuseum.com/ The National Balloon Museum, Indianola, Iowa]
* [http://www.balloonmuseum.com/ Albuquerque International Balloon Museum]
* [http://www.balloonfiesta.com/ Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Yost — ist der Nachname folgender Personen: Charles Woodruff Yost (1907–1981), US amerikanischer Diplomat David Yost (* 1969), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Dorothy Yost (1899 1967), US amerikanische Drehbuchautorin Michel Yost (1754 1786),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Yost, Utah — Infobox protected area name = Yost, Utah lat degrees = 41 lat minutes = 57 lat seconds = 25 lat direction = N long degrees = 113 long minutes = 32 long seconds = 046 long direction = WYost is a ghost town located in northwestern Box Elder County … Wikipedia
Yost Ice Arena — Infobox Stadium stadium name = Yost Ice Arena| nickname = location = 1000 S State St Ann Arbor, MI 48109 broke ground = January, 1922 opened = November 10, 1923 closed = demolished = owner = University of Michigan operator = University of… … Wikipedia
Yost Theater — Infobox nrhp name = Yost Theater Ritz Hotel nrhp type = caption = location = 301 307 N. Spurgeon St. Santa Ana, California nearest city = lat degrees = lat minutes = lat seconds = lat direction = long degrees = long minutes = long seconds = long… … Wikipedia
Yost, Ed — ▪ 2008 Paul Edward Yost American engineer born June 30, 1919, Bristow, Iowa died May 27, 2007, Vadito, N.M. was dubbed the father of modern hot air ballooning after his historic 25 minute, 4.8 km (3 mi) flight on Oct. 22, 1960, in Bruning … Universalium
Yost, Paul Edward — SUBJECT AREA: Aerospace [br] b. 30 June 1919 Bristow, Iowa, USA [br] American designer of balloons who reintroduced the hot air balloon. [br] After the early hot air balloons of the Montgolfier brothers in the 1780s, this branch of ballooning was … Biographical history of technology
Yost, Fielding — ▪ American football coach in full Fielding Harris Yost , byname Hurry Up born April 30, 1871, Fairview, W.Va., U.S. died Aug. 20, 1946, Ann Arbor, Mich. American collegiate football coach at the University of Michigan (Michigan, University… … Universalium
Yost Tavern (Montgomery, Ohio) — Infobox nrhp name = Yost Tavern caption = location = Montgomery, Ohio architect = architecture = Othercite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007 06 30|work=National Register of Historic… … Wikipedia
yost — The substance found on the outside of food, especially fruit, that is not harmful and can easily be removed with your fingers. there is always white yost on my greengages … Dictionary of american slang
Fielding H. Yost — Yost in 1902 Sport(s) Football Biographical details Born April 30, 1871( … Wikipedia
Christopher Yost — Born February 21, 1973 St. Louis, MO Nationality American … Wikipedia