Arsenal tube station

London stations
name = Arsenal


manager = London Underground
zone = 2
locale = Holloway
borough = Islington
years= 1906
1932
"c." 1960
events=Opened Renamed "Arsenal (Highbury Hill)" Renamed "Arsenal"
platforms=2
tubeexits04= 2.005
tubeexits07= 2.735

Arsenal tube station, in Highbury, north London, is a London Underground station near the former Arsenal Stadium, which was home of Arsenal Football Club between 1913 and 2006. It is on the Piccadilly Line, in Travelcard Zone 2, between Holloway Road and Finsbury Park. It is the only Tube station named after a football club. [Several tube stations, including West Ham and Wimbledon, share their names with football clubs, but only Arsenal was named directly after a club rather than the associated area.] People usually get off to go to the demolished Highbury stadium or to watch an Arsenal FC football match at the Emirates Stadium.

History

Arsenal tube station originally opened as "Gillespie Road" on 15 December 1906. The later construction of the football stadium in 1913 eventually led to a successful campaign, headed by Arsenal manager Herbert Chapman, for a change of name, and on November 5 ]

tructure

The station is in a narrow Victorian residential street: when built, the station building was squeezed incongruously between residential properties on each side, occupying the width of just two terraced houses. Even after the surface building was rebuilt in the early 1930s and widened, with a further house being demolished, it has one of the narrowest frontages of any underground station. It is also unusual in not having any bus routes pass its entrance, though routes 4, 19, 106 and 236 serve nearby Blackstock Road. [cite web | url=http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/gettingaround/maps/buses/pdf/arsenalemiratesstadium-12926.pdf | title=Buses from Arsenal / Emirates Stadium | publisher=Transport for London]

Unusually for a "deep level" tube station, Arsenal possesses neither escalators nor lifts. Instead, a sloping passageway leads down to the platforms. This is due to the combination of the tunnels being both relatively shallow at this point and being some distance from the station entrance (being underneath the East Coast Main Line). Due to short flights of stairs at both ends of the passageway the station is not wheelchair accessible, When the station was rebuilt in the early 1930s an extra tunnel was dug to platform level from the main access passage in anticipation of increased traffic, which is now used to handle the large crowds on match days. The station has a "tidal" system unique on the Underground network, with a narrow section on one side divided from the main passageway by a full-height fence. The narrow section is used on match days for the lighter flow, according to time of day - for passengers catching trains before matches, or leaving the station afterwards.

Usage

The station is comparatively less busy than other stations on the same stretch of line; in 2005 only 1.881 million entries and exits were recorded, compared with Holloway Road's 6.298m and Caledonian Road's 4.114m. It is largely deserted outside rush hours except on Arsenal match days; even then, congestion means many supporters use the nearby Finsbury Park station, which is served by the Piccadilly Line, Victoria Line, buses and National Rail.

Arsenal Football Club moved to a new stadium, the Emirates Stadium, in July 2006. The stadium is on the site of Ashburton Grove, a former industrial estate approximately 500 yards from Highbury, and closer to Drayton Park and Holloway Road stations; however Drayton Park is closed and Holloway Road is exit-only on match days, and Arsenal station is still within easy walking distance of the new stadium. [cite web | url=http://www.arsenal.com/article.asp?thisNav=the+club&article=407516&lid=Emirates+Stadium&Title=Get+to...+Arsenal | title=Get to... Emirates Stadium | work=Arsenal.com | accessdate=2007-08-08 ] Therefore, despite a campaign by some local residents for a reversion to "Gillespie Road"Fact|date=December 2007, the station has retained the "Arsenal" name and is still used by many Arsenal supporters to get to matches.

As part of the commemoration of Arsenal's move, a temporary mural was placed along the walls of the station passageways as part of London Underground's Platform for Art scheme. [cite web | url=http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/corporate/projectsandschemes/artmusicdesign/pfa/artists/arsenal.asp | title=Platform for Art: Arsenal Football Club’s last season at Highbury | publisher=Transport for London | accessdate=2007-08-08 ] It was unveiled in February and removed in September 2006.

References

9. Butt-Stations10. Jowett-Nationalised

External links

* [http://photos.ltmcollection.org London Transport Museum Photographic Archive]
** ltmcollection|73/9887773.jpg|Station exterior, 1907
** ltmcollection|17/9884817.jpg|Rebuilt station building in 1934.
* [http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tube/arts/platform-for-art/artists/arsenal.asp Details of the Arsenal mural]

Gallery

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