Cypriot euro coins
Cypriot euro coins feature three separate designs for the three series of coins. Cyprus has been a member of the European Union since 1 May 2004, and is a member of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union. It has completed the third stage of the EMU and adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2008.
Cypriot euro design
Depiction of Cypriot euro coinage | Obverse side € 0.01 € 0.02 € 0.05 The mouflon € 0.10 € 0.20 € 0.50 The Kyrenia ship € 1.00 € 2.00 € 2 Coin Edge 2 ΕΥΡΩ 2 EURO The Idol of Pomos
Circulating Mintage quantities
The following table shows the mintage quantity for all Cypriot euro coins, per denomination, per year.
Face Value €0.01 €0.02 €0.05 €0.10 €0.20 €0.50 €1.00 €2.00 €2.00 CC 2008 28,930,000 99,930,000 59,930,000 69,930,000 64,930,000 29,930,000 27,930,000 15,930,000 * 2009 19,985,000 985,000 5,985,000 985,000 985,000 985,000 3,985,000 4,985,000 965,000 2010 200,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 * 2011 15,190,000 190,000 30,190,000 190,000 190,000 190,000 190,000 190,000 * Total 75,305,000 101,305,000 96,305,000 71,305,000 66,305,000 31,305,000 32,305,000 30,305,000 965,000
National Identifier "ΚΥΠΡΟΣ (Kypros) and KIBRIS" Mint Mark None Engravers Initials None €2 Edge inscription
Design selection process
The official public contest for the design of the Cypriot euro coins, which ended on 14 October 2005, defined what the required motifs of the respective coins should encompass:
- 1 cent, 2 cent and 5 cent: The mouflon, the most characteristic species of fauna in Cyprus, representing the island's nature and wildlife.
- 10 cent, 20 cent and 50 cent: The ancient Greek Kyrenia ship of 4th Century B.C., representing Cyprus's history and its character as an island as well as its importance in trade.
- €1 and €2: The Idol of Pomos, a cross-shaped idol dating back to the Cypriot chalcolithic period (3000 B.C.), found in Pomos, a village in the district of Paphos. It is a characteristic example of prehistoric art in Cyprus, representing the island’s antiquity, culture and civilization.
American artist Erik Maell and Greek artist Tatiana Soteropoulos were chosen by the Central Bank of Cyprus to create and illustrate the designs to be used for the final coins. The artists were instructed to include the name of Cyprus in Greek and Turkish, that is, ΚΥΠΡΟΣ (Kypros) and KIBRIS in the design for the coins.
On 11 October 2006 the final designs of the Cypriot euro coins were presented at the exhibition "Από τη Λίρα στο Ευρώ" ("From the Pound to the Euro") of the Central Bank of Cyprus about the history of currency in Cyprus. They do not appear to include "Cyprus" in English, as demanded by the revised competition rules, but instead only in the state's two official languages, Greek and Turkish.
On 13 February 2007, the Republic of Cyprus formally applied to join the eurozone on 1 January 2008. The final decision was expected to be taken in Brussels on 21–22 June at an EU Summit to be ratified by all EU heads of state.
On 9 March 2007, the campaign to inform the citizens of Cyprus about the euro officially began in Cypriot media.
On 15 March 2007, the House of Representatives passed the necessary laws for the introduction of the euro on 1 January 2008.
On 16 May 2007, the Commissioner for Economic & Financial Affairs of the EU, Joaquín Almunia, recommended that Cyprus adopt the euro as scheduled.
On 20 June 2007, the European Parliament voted affirmatively on this issue and on 21 June 2007, the date was confirmed by the EU leaders.
On 10 July 2007, the EU Finance Ministers set the permanent exchange rate to CYP 0.585274 to 1 euro.
On 1 January 2008, the euro replaced the Cypriot pound as the official currency.
€2 commemorative coins
Other commemorative coins (Collectors' coins)
Although Cyprus joined the Eurozone in 2008, they already had one high value commemorative coin, minted in silver. This coin was minted as a legacy of an old national practice of minting gold and silver coins. This coin is not really intended to be used as means of payment, so generally they do not circulate.
- ^ "National Euro Website: progress achieved, most important dates". http://www.euro.cy/euro/euro.nsf/dmleuro_en/dmleuro_en?OpenDocument.
- ^ "Circulating Mintage quantities". Henning Agt. http://www.euro-auflagen.de/index.php?lang=en. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- ^ "Revised Announcement for the Competition for the Selection of the Design of the National Sides of the Euro Coins". Central bank of Cyprus. http://www.centralbank.gov.cy/nqcontent.cfm?a_id=2859&lang=en.
- ^ ""From the £ to the €" Exhibition". Central bank of Cyprus. http://www.centralbank.gov.cy/nqcontent.cfm?a_id=3658&lang=en.
- ^ "Cyprus files formal application to join the eurozone". Financial Mirror. 2007-02-13. http://www.financialmirror.com/more_news.php?id=6095&type=st. Retrieved 2007-02-13. [dead link]
- ^ http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/oj/2007/c_248/c_24820071023en00080009.pdf
- Website of the Central Bank of Cyprus with the final national designs. (Click on the name of each denomination to see the respective design)
- Website for the Euro from the Republic of Cyprus
- The Euro Information Website – Cyprus
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