Marine surveyor

A Marine Surveyor is a person who conducts inspections, surveys or examinations of marine vessels to assess, monitor and report on their condition and the products on them. Marine Surveyors also inspect equipment intended for new or existing vessels to ensure compliance with various standards or specifications. Marine surveys typically include the structure, machinery and equipment (navigational, safety, radio, etc.) and general condition of a vessel. It also includes judging materials on board and their condition.

Marine Surveying is often closely associated with marine insurance, damage and salvage, accident and fraud investigation as insurers generally lack the training and skills required to perform a detailed assessment of the condition of a vessel. While Marine Surveyors are sometimes employed by insurers directly they maintain a certain professional autonomy in order to provide an unbiased view. Independent Marine Surveyors are often employed by the clients of marine insurers to provide evidence in support of damage claims made against the insurer. Insurance companies cannot require customers to use specific Marine Surveyors (although they often provide a list of recommended or pre-approved Marine Surveyors who are known to them).

Marine Surveyors use many credentials, letters, and terms such as "Accredited", "Certified", "Qualifed", "AMS", "CMS", and so on. There are many ways to train to become a marine surveyor including taking correspondence courses, apprenticing, or simply opening a business. However, Marine Surveyors pursue their profession independently of required organizations, and there is currently no national or international licensing requirement for Marine Surveyors. The U.S. Coast Guard does not approve or certify Marine Surveyors. All association terms and initials represent training and certification by private organizations.


General duties of a Marine Surveyor

A Marine Surveyor may perform the following tasks:

  • Conduct surveys throughout the ship's life (building new ship, annual survey, interim survey, special survey) to ensure standards are maintained;
  • Perform inspections required by domestic statutes and international conventions by the International Maritime Organization (IMO);
  • Witness tests and operation of emergency and safety machinery and equipment;
  • Measure ships for tonnage and survey them for load line assignment;
  • Attend court as an expert witness and assist in coroner's inquiries;
  • Investigate marine accidents.

Types of Marine Surveyor

Government surveyor

A Government surveyor performs ship registration surveys, surveys of foreign-going ships and local craft, and generally enforces ship safety standards to insure marine industrial safety. Government-appointed marine surveyors, also called marine inspectors in some countries, belong to two groups that are not mutually exclusive: Flag State surveyors report to the government with whom the vessel is registered, and Port State surveyors report to the government into whose territory the vessel has entered. The Port State surveyors usually have the authority to detain vessels considered to have defects that may result in adverse impacts on life or the environment. Based on their government's legal framework, Flag State surveyors can impose conditions on the vessel such that failure to comply will result in the registration of the vessel being suspended or withdrawn. In this event, the vessel will find it almost impossible to trade.

Classification surveyor

A Classification surveyor inspects ships to make sure that the ship, its components and machinery are built and maintained according to the standards required for their class. Classification surveyors often have two roles: one is as a representative of the Classification Society; and the other as an inspector on behalf of the country with which the vessel is registered (the Flag State). The Classification role is to ensure that during construction the vessel initially complies with the Classification Society's Rules for construction and outfitting, and thereafter is maintained fit to proceed trading. The Flag State role is based on a clear set of guidelines issued by the registering country. On satisfactory completion of any survey, the Classification surveyor makes recommendations to the Classification Society and/or the Flag State. These may be that the vessel has a clean bill of health, or that various defects must be corrected within a given time.

Increasingly, both Government and Classification surveyors are becoming involved in confirming compliance with international treaties associated with such things as pollution, international security, and safety management schemes. They may also examine cargo gear to ensure that it meets various requirements or regulations. Government and Classification surveyors are usually marine professionals mariner, such as a qualified ship's master, engineer, naval architect or radio officer.

Private surveyor

A private marine surveyor may be asked to carry out a wide range of tasks, including examining ships' cargoes or onboard conditions such as fuel quality; investigating accidents at sea (e.g., oil spillages or failure of machinery or structures which are not considered to be critical); and preparing accident reports for insurance purposes, and conducting draught surveys to analyse how much cargo has been lost or gained.

Private surveyors also carry out condition surveys or pre-purchase surveys to determine the condition of the ship prior to charter or an acquisition. Many companies as P&I clubs, Ship-owners, broker, etc. employ or contract the services of a private marine surveyor in order to determine the condition of the ship.

Many traditional companies conduct private surveys. Examples include [1] Bureau Veritas (BV), [2] International Registries of Shipping, [3] Iamsa Bureau of Shipping, Lloyd Registers, [4] Lloyd's Agency Network, ANCO[5], DNV, NKK, and others.

Yacht and Small Craft surveyor

Yacht and Small Craft surveyors specialize in inspecting smaller vessels that are most often used for pleasure boating (both power and sail). Y&SC surveyors may be employed directly by larger marine insurance companies, but most often they are independent practitioners. Since using boats for pleasure (or "yachting") is a relatively recent phenomena, having only been widely practiced for the last century or so, Y&SC surveying has many unique aspects that are not shared with the more traditional forms of marine surveying described above.

See also

Yacht foresail.svg Nautical portal

Further reading

US Surveyors Association Master Marine Surveyors

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • marine surveyor — jūrų topografijos inžinierius statusas T sritis profesijos apibrėžtis Inžinierius, kuris prižiūri ir dalyvauja jūrų vandenų topografijos grupės darbe, susijusiame su kranto linijų identifikavimu ir povandeninių topografinių požymių nužymėjimu,… …   Inžinieriai, technikai ir technologai. Trikalbis aiškinamasis žodynėlis

  • Marine transfer operations — are conducted at many ports around the world between tanker ships, barges, and marine terminals. Specifically, once the marine vessel is secure at the dock a loading arm or transfer hose is connected between a valve header on the dock and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Surveyor — may refer to:In professions: * Surveying is the process of determining positions on the earth s surface * Cadastral surveying is the process of establishing boundary locations * Mining surveying is surveying related to open cut and underground… …   Wikipedia

  • Marine Engineering and Research Institute — (MERI/DMET), Calcutta Established August 1949 Type Autonomous research and training institute Principal (Director in charge) M. K. Ghosh, C. Eng …   Wikipedia

  • Marine Engineering and Research Institute, MUMBAI — The Marine Engineering and Research Institute (MERI, mumbai), formerly known asthe Directorate of Marine Engineering Training (DMET), is India s national institute for the training of marine officers and engineers. MERI offers a three year… …   Wikipedia

  • Marine Police Force — The Marine Police Force, sometimes known as the Thames River Police and said to be England s first Police force[1], was formed by magistrate Patrick Colquhoun and a Master Mariner, John Harriott, in 1798 to tackle theft and looting from ships… …   Wikipedia

  • National Association of Marine Surveyors — The National Association of Marine Surveyors [(NAMS)] is an American based non profit body that aims to advance the marine surveyor by certifying its top surveyors and by providing them lifelong opportunities to enhance knowledge through ongoing… …   Wikipedia

  • Philippine Merchant Marine Academy — Infobox University name = Philippine Merchant Marine Academy motto = Righteousness, Humility, Courage established = January 1, 1820, Intramuros, Manila type = Public city = San Narciso state = Zambales country = PhilippinesThe Philippine Merchant …   Wikipedia

  • David A. Walker (marine consultant) — David A. Walker is a naval architect, marine surveyor and historian based in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Born in Yorkshire, England, he lived in Ottawa, Montreal and Toronto before settling in Halifax and as a marine consultant, specializing in ship… …   Wikipedia

  • Programme Surveyor — Maquette terrestre d une sonde Surveyor Caractéristiques Organisation …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.