A throat lozenge, cough drop, troche, or cough sweet is a small, medicated tablet intended to be dissolved slowly in the mouth to temporarily stop coughs and lubricate and soothe irritated tissues of the throat (usually due to a sore throat), possibly from the common cold or influenza. Cough tablets have taken the name lozenge, based on their original shape.
Lozenges may contain benzocaine, an anesthetic, or eucalyptus oil. Non-menthol throat lozenges generally use either zinc gluconate glycine or pectin as an oral demulcent. Several brands of throat lozenges contain dextromethorphan.
- Fisherman's Friend
- Smith Brothers
- La Vosgienne
- Victory V
- Ingredients of a throat lozenge, Health Canada
Routes of administration / Dosage forms Oral
Ocular / Otologic / Nasal Urogenital Rectal (enteral) Dermal Injection / Infusion
- Intra-articular or intrasynovial injection
Additional explanation:Mucous membranes are used by the human body to absorb the dosage for all routes of administration, except for "Dermal" and "Injection/Infusion".
Administration routes can also be grouped as Topical (local effect) or Systemic (defined as Enteral = Digestive tract/Rectal, or Parenteral = All other routes).
Routes of administration by organ system Gastrointestinal Respiratory systemPulmonary • Nasal Visual system / Auditory system Reproductive systemIntracavernous • Intravaginal • Intrauterine (Extra-amniotic) Urinary systemIntravesical Peritoneum Central nervous system Circulatory system Musculoskeletal system SkinEpicutaneous • Intradermal • Subcutaneous
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Lozenge — This article is about the shape. For the cough tablets, see Throat lozenge. For lozenges in heraldry, see Lozenge (heraldry). Lozenge A lozenge (◊), often referred to as a diamond, is a form of rhombus. The definition of lozenge is not strictly… … Wikipedia
lozenge — ► NOUN 1) a rhombus or diamond shape. 2) a small medicinal tablet, originally of this shape, sucked to soothe a sore throat. ORIGIN Old French losenge, probably from Latin lausiae lapides stone slabs … English terms dictionary
throat — noun 1 front part of the neck VERB + THROAT ▪ cut, slash, slit ▪ rip out ▪ I wanted to rip his throat out. PREPOSITION ▪ … Collocations dictionary
lozenge — [[t]lɒ̱zɪnʤ[/t]] lozenges 1) N COUNT Lozenges are sweets which you can suck to make a cough or sore throat better. ...throat lozenges. 2) N COUNT A lozenge is a shape with four corners. The two corners that point up and down are further away than … English dictionary
lozenge — UK [ˈlɒzɪndʒ] / US [ˈlɑzəndʒ] noun [countable] Word forms lozenge : singular lozenge plural lozenges 1) medicine shaped like a sweet that you suck if you have a cough or sore throat 2) maths a shape with four sloping sides … English dictionary
lozenge — SYN: troche. [Fr. losange, fr. lozangé, rhombic] * * * loz·enge läz ənj n a small usu. sweetened solid piece of medicated material of any of various shapes that is designed to be held in the mouth for slow dissolution and often contains a… … Medical dictionary
lozenge — noun Etymology: Middle English losenge, from Anglo French Date: 14th century 1. a figure with four equal sides and two acute and two obtuse angles ; diamond 2. something shaped like a lozenge 3. a small usually sweetened and flavored medicated… … New Collegiate Dictionary
lozenge — noun Lozenge is used after these nouns: ↑throat … Collocations dictionary
lozenge — loz|enge [ lazəndʒ ] noun count 1. ) a shape with four sloping sides 2. ) medicine for a sore throat that looks like a candy: COUGH DROP … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
lozenge — n. a medicated tablet containing sugar. Lozenges should dissolve slowly in the mouth so that the medication is applied to the mouth and throat … The new mediacal dictionary