Ernesto de Martino

Ernesto de Martino (1 December 1908 – 9 May 1965) was an Italian philosopher and anthropologist and historian of religions. He studied with Benedetto Croce and Adolfo Omodeo, and did field research with Diego Carpitella into the funeral rituals of Lucania and the tarantella.

Ernesto de Martino (1908–1965) was born in Naples, Italy, where he studied under Adolfo Omodeo, graduating with a degree in philosophy in 1932. His degree thesis, subsequently published, dealt with the historical and philological problem of the Eleusinian Gephyrismi (ritual injuries addressed to the goddess) and provides an important methodological introduction to the concept of religion. Clearly influenced by reading Das Heilige by Rudolf Otto, de Martino preferred to emphasize the choleric nature of the believer, overturning the German scholar's thesis and making it capable of being applied to relations with gods in polytheistic religions and spirits in animist religions. Attracted by the ideological stance of the regime, for several years de Martino worked on an essay interpreting Fascism as a historically convenient form of civil religion. However, the attempt was insubstantial and the work, still unpublished, was gradually rejected by the author. At this time, which we now call the "Neapolitan" period, lasting until 1935, de Martino fell under the spell of the personality and work of an archaeologist who was particularly open-minded concerning the ancient history of religions and who was disliked by both the regime and its intellectual opponents: Vittorio Macchioro, known for his Orphic interpretation of the frescoes in the Villa of Mysteries in Pompeii and advocate of a theory of religion understood essentially as experience.[1]

He taught history at Cagliari's University from 1959 to his death.

Bibliography

  • 1958, Morte e pianto rituale. Dal lamento funebre antico al pianto di Maria.
  • 1959, Sud e Magia (on the magic in southern Italian societies)
  • 1961, La terra del rimorso
  • 1972, Primitive Magic: The Psychic powers of Shamans and Sorcerers
  • 2002a (1962). Furore Simbolo Valore, Milano: Feltrinelli.
  • 2002b (1977). La fine del mondo. Contributo all’analisi delle apocalissi culturali, Torino: Einaudi.
  • 2005. The Land of Remorse: A Study of Southern Italian Tarantism (translated by D.L. Zinn with an introduction of V. Crapanzano), London: Free Association Books.

References

Ferrari, Fabrizio M. (2011, forthcoming). Ernesto de Martino on Religion. The Crisis and the Presence. London and Oakville: Equinox.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ernesto De Martino — (né le 1er décembre 1908 à Naples, et mort le 9 mai 1965 à Rome) est un historien des religions et un ethnologue italien. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Thèses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernesto de Martino — (né le 1er décembre 1908 à Naples, et mort d un cancer le 9 mai 1965 à Rome) est un historien des religions et un ethnologue italien. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Thèses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernesto Balducci — (6 August 1922 25 April, 1992) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and peace activist. Biographical notesBalducci was born in Santa Fiora, Tuscany, Italy.When he was twelve, his father was laid off and the Scolopi , a religious foundation… …   Wikipedia

  • Ernesto de Austria — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Retrato del Archiduque Ernesto de Austria, por Martino Rota c. 1580. Ernesto de Austria (Viena, 15 de julio de 1553 Bruselas, 12 de febrero …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ernesto Farías — Ernesto Antonio Farías …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernesto Grillo — est un ancien footballeur argentin né le 1er octobre 1929 à Buenos Aires et mort le 18 juin 1998. Milieu de terrain, il était surnommé El Pelado (le tondu) et Coco (noix de coco). Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernesto Coppo — SDB (* 6. Februar 1870 in Rosignano Monferrato, Provinz Alessandria, Italien; † 28. Dezember 1948 in Ivrea, Provinz Turin) war ein italienischer Ordenspriester, Missionar und römisch katholischer Bischof. Leben Als Schüler des salesianischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernesto Sabato — «Sabato» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Sabato (desambiguación). Ernesto Sabato …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ernesto Alonso — Infobox President | name=Ernesto Alonso nationality=Mexican order=actor/director birth date=ca. February 28, 1917 birth place=Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes dead=dead death date=death date|2007|8|7|mf=y death place=Mexico CityErnesto Ramirez… …   Wikipedia

  • Martino Rota — La matanza de los inocentes, grabado de Rota que copia un diseño de Giovanni Battista Franco. Martino Rota (nacido como Martin Kolunic) (Šibenik, Croacia, h. 1520 – Viena, 1583) es un grabador, pintor y escultor italiano del Renacimiento de… …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.