Aracari

Taxobox
name = Aracaris



image_width = 220px
image_caption = Pale-mandibled Aracari "Pteroglossus erythropygius"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Piciformes
familia = Ramphastidae
genus = "Pteroglossus"
genus_authority = Illiger, 1811
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = 14 (incl. the Saffron Toucanet), see text.

The aracaris (sometimes araçaris) are medium-sized toucans in the genus "Pteroglossus". They are brightly plumaged and with enormous colourful bills.

All the species are basically fruit-eating, but will take insects and other small prey. They are arboreal and nest in tree holes laying 2–4 white eggs. They are resident breeders and do not migrate.

The aracaris are unusual for toucans in that they roost socially throughout the year, up to six adults and fledged young sleeping in the same hole with tails folded over their backs.

The ischnoceran louse "Austrophilopterus flavirostris" is suspected to parasitize most if not all species of aracaris, with the possible exception of the Green Aracari (Price & Weckstein 2005).

One species, the distinctive Saffron Toucanet, was formerly placed in the monotypic genus "Baillonius", but Kimura "et al." (2004) was able to show that it belongs in the genus "Pteroglossus" [cite web | title = South American Classification Committee | work = Merge Baillonius into Pteroglossus | url = http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~remsen/SACCprop151.html | accessdate = 2007-09-16] .

pecies list

* Lettered Aracari, "Pteroglossus inscriptus"
* Green Aracari, "Pteroglossus viridis"
* Red-necked Aracari, "Pteroglossus bitorquatus"
* Ivory-billed Aracari, "Pteroglossus azara"
* Brown-mandibled Aracari, "Pteroglossus mariae"
* Chestnut-eared Aracari, "Pteroglossus castanotis"
* Black-necked Aracari, "Pteroglossus aracari"
* Collared Aracari, "Pteroglossus torquatus"
* Fiery-billed Aracari, "Pteroglossus frantzii"
* Stripe-billed Aracari, "Pteroglossus sanguineus"
* Pale-mandibled Aracari, "Pteroglossus erythropygius"
* Many-banded Aracari, "Pteroglossus pluricinctus"
* Curl-crested Aracari, "Pteroglossus beauharnaesii"
* Saffron Toucanet, "Pteroglossus bailloni"

References

* BirdLife International 2004. [http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/2464/all "Pteroglossus bailloni"] . [http://www.iucnredlist.org 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ] Downloaded on 27 July 2007.
* Price, Roger D. & Weckstein, Jason D. (2005): The genus "Austrophilopterus" Ewing (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from toucans, toucanets, and araçaris (Piciformes: Ramphastidae). "Zootaxa" 918: 1-18. [http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/z00918f.pdf PDF fulltext]

External links

* [http://www.emeraldforestbirds.com/EmeraldGallery.htm Extensive Gallery on Toucans]
* [http://www.mangoverde.com/birdsound/fam/fam102.html List of Toucans]
* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/familia.phtml?idFamilia=101 Toucan videos] on the Internet Bird Collection


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aracari — Araçari Nom vernaculaire ou nom normalisé ambigu : Le terme «  Araçaris  » s applique, en français, à plusieurs taxons distincts. Araçaris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aracari — (Tortuguero,Коста Рика) Категория отеля: Адрес: 100 meters East and 50 meters South of the …   Каталог отелей

  • Aracari — A ra*[,c]a ri, n. (Zo[ o]l.) A South American bird, of the genus {Pleroglossius}, allied to the toucans. There are several species. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aracāri — Aracāri, Vogel, Art der Federzüngler …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • araçari — s. m. Nome de algumas aves trepadoras do Brasil (tucanos) …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Araçari — Nom vernaculaire ou nom normalisé ambigu : Le terme «  Araçaris  » s applique en français à plusieurs taxons distincts. Araçaris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • araçari — arakariai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Pteroglossus angl. araçari vok. Arassari, m rus. арасари, m pranc. araçari, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – tukaniniai siauresnis terminas – apykaklėtasis arakaris siauresnis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • aracari — /ahr euh sahr ee/, n. any of several small toucans of the genus Pteroglossus, having strongly serrate bills and yellow underparts marked with black and red. [ < Pg araçari < Tupi arasári] * * *       any of certain toucan species. See toucan. * * …   Universalium

  • aracari — ► masculino ZOOLOGÍA Ave piciforme de la familia ranfástidos (Pteroglossus aracari) parecida a los tucanes. Habita en los bosques tropicales de América del Sur y se alimenta de grano y frutas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • aracari — ˌärəˈsärē noun ( s) Etymology: Portuguese araçarí, from Tupi : any of several brilliantly colored tropical American toucans …   Useful english dictionary

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